Posts tagged Technology / Gadgets

Google’s Classroom is open to anyone with an urge to teach

Forget those pesky teaching qualifications, because Google has now found a way to make educators out of us all. Starting today, any Google Classroom user will be able to create their own classes. Working as an app or via desktop, what started as mere...

The Navy built rechargeable batteries that won’t explode on you

The Navy, the airline industry and Samsung all have a major problem with lithium-ion batteries. Specifically, they tend to catch fire more than most people would like. But that could change soon thanks to a new breakthrough from the US Naval Research...

Cyberbullying nets ’13 Reasons Why’ mature rating in New Zealand

New Zealand has come out hard in its opposition to Netflix's series 13 Reasons Why. The high-school-focused show centering on a girl's suicide and its aftermath already has content warnings ahead of certain episodes, but a recent edict by New Zealand...

Apple Music redesign will put video in the spotlight

We know all about Apple's plans for Planet of the Apps and Carpool Karaoke, but it looks like the company has bigger things in mind for its music-focused series. Bloomberg reports an Apple Music redesign will accompany the next version of iOS we're l...

LG’s smartphones are no longer hurting the company

It's a testament to how topsy-turvy the mobile world is that a company can make its seventh successive quarterly loss and still feel good. That's because LG's mobile division, which managed to burn almost 500 billion Korean won in the last three mont...

A Quick Way to Tell If That Thing on Your To-Do List Is Actually Important

With unlimited access to productivity doodads, apps, and planners, knowing our priorities is supposed to be effortless. But what if everything you need to do that day—finish an article, work on that presentation outline, work out, and so on—all feel like a priority?


Amazon’s New Echo Look Puts a Camera, Microphone in Your Bedroom


Amazon's new Echo Look touts fashion advice as its major feature, but it's a major push to put "smart" devices in the bedroom.

The post Amazon’s New Echo Look Puts a Camera, Microphone in Your Bedroom appeared first on ExtremeTech.

Google has already lost the hardware chief it poached from Amazon

You probably have food that's been in your freezer longer than David Foster (nope, still not the composer) stayed at Google after leaving Amazon. After six months, Foster is vacating his position as vice president of Google's vice president of hardwa...

How Nature Documentaries Use Hollywood Techniques to Create a Story

In the back of your mind, you probably realize that nature documentaries aren’t literally nonfiction depictions of actual things that happened in nature. As it turns out, many of the techniques and tricks used in Hollywood movies are also applied to nature documentaries—even when the footage is real.


Why Amazon wants to replace your mirror with a camera

Years ago, if someone told you that she was buying a camera for her bedroom, you'd imagine she was planning something naughty. But times have changed, and Amazon believes that you'll spend $200 on a camera that's both an extension of your smart home...

Uber hopes to silence critics with more UK driver benefits

Uber has long argued that its drivers are independent contractors, not employees. While that distinction has been argued in the courts, the company has been upping driver perks to try to keep them on side and silence critics. Its latest effort in the...

Nintendo’s hardware visionary is calling it a day

Alongside today's impressive earnings report, Nintendo announced that long-serving employee Genyo Takeda is stepping down as company director this June. Holding the title of representative director and also sitting alongside Miyamoto as "Technology F...

Cassini probe survives first dive between Saturn and its rings

NASA's Cassini probe has emerged unscathed after its first dive between Saturn and its rings. The spacecraft's ground team had to spend 20 hours wondering whether the probe was doing well or whether it plunged to its death a few months too early. Tha...

AMD Updates Ryzen’s Windows Power Plan, Boosts Performance With New Chipset Driver


AMD's latest chipset driver contains important updates for anyone using a Ryzen 5 or Ryzen 7 system.

The post AMD Updates Ryzen’s Windows Power Plan, Boosts Performance With New Chipset Driver appeared first on ExtremeTech.

The Making of Cardboard Knight at Bindlestiff Studio’s “The Geek Show”

The Geek Show is a multi-genre Bay Area-based theater show designed to showcase, satirize, and subvert the phenomenon of geek culture.

Read more on MAKE

The post The Making of Cardboard Knight at Bindlestiff Studio’s “The GeekShow” appeared first on Make: DIY Projects and Ideas for Makers.

Atlus has change of heart over ‘Persona 5’ streaming restrictions

Since launching last month, Persona 5 has already comfortably earned its place among the JRPG greats. Yet for streamers, this highly acclaimed title has become more of an archaic headache than a gaming highlight. Upon launch, developer Atlus forbade...

Edible Innovations: FarmBot Helps Automate Small-Scale Food Production

Rick Carlino and Rory Aronson saw an inherent flaw in our ask-no-questions approach to food, so they decided to create FarmBot.

Read more on MAKE

The post Edible Innovations: FarmBot Helps Automate Small-Scale FoodProduction appeared first on Make: DIY Projects and Ideas for Makers.

Why You Shouldn’t Always Trust Weight Loss Success Stories

You shouldn’t take weight loss success stories at face value. I’m not talking about those “I dropped 54 pounds by using this magical thing!” Those are obviously a load of crock. I’m talking about the “I tried for years, but I finally realized I just had to work hard and it paid off!” The idea of hard work sounds very…


Gboard on Android makes it easier to type and tweak your text

Google has made a few seemingly minor tweaks that could make Gboard on Android much easier to use. The keyboard now comes with a new text editing mode with arrow keys that you can use to quickly go to the part of your text that you want to edit or de...

The Secret Service Can’t Keep Up With the Threats Made Against Trump on Twitter

Barack Obama may have been the first president with a Twitter account, but Donald Trump will definitely be remembered by history as the first social media president. President Trump tweets morning, day, and night—eliciting plenty of love from his supporters and torrents of hate from his detractors. But Trump’s…


New Graphics Comps Highlight Project Scorpio’s 1080p, 4K Prowess


Microsoft's new Project Scorpio is being shown off behind the scenes -- and the console's increased firepower can meaningfully improve visual fidelity as well as rendering at higher resolutions.

The post New Graphics Comps Highlight Project Scorpio’s 1080p, 4K Prowess appeared first on ExtremeTech.

Inmates used smartphones to swap child porn in prison

Prosecutors have charged a group of inmates at a federal prison in New Jersey for downloading child porn from the dark web to their smuggled phones, according to NBC News. They even stored videos and photos that show kids, including babies and toddle...

Nate Walkingshaw on capturing the approaches and techniques of successful product managers

The O’Reilly Design Podcast: Leadership, the design of product teams, and hiring optimists.

This week, I sit down with Nate Walkingshaw, chief experience officer of Pluralsite and co-author of Product Leadership. We talk about hard and soft leadership skills, building cross-disciplinary product teams, and why it’s important to use the layover test when hiring.

Continue reading Nate Walkingshaw on capturing the approaches and techniques of successful product managers.

Four short links: 27 April 2017

Open Source Mail Delivery, Superhuman AI, Probabilistic Graphical Models, and Golden Ages

Postal -- A fully featured open source mail delivery platform for incoming & outgoing e-mail, like SendGrid but open source. I enjoyed this comment on Hacker News, where the commenter talks about turning a $1K/mo mail bill into $4/mo by running their own mail infrastructure. (Downside: you would need to get yourself familiar with SMTP, postfix, SPF/DKIM, mx-validation, blacklists, etc. And by "familiar," I mean "learn it to the core.") The Myth of a Superhuman AI (Kevin Kelly) -- he makes a good argument that buried in this scenario of a takeover of superhuman artificial intelligence are five assumptions that, when examined closely, are not based on any evidence. These claims might be true in the future, but there is no evidence to date to support them. Probabilistic Graphical Models -- CS228 course notes turned into a concise introductory course [...]. This course starts by introducing probabilistic graphical models from the very basics and concludes by explaining from first principles the variational auto-encoder, an important probabilistic model that is also one of the most influential recent results in deep learning. Watch It While It Lasts: Our Golden Age of Television -- The Parisian golden age [of art] emerged out of the collapse of a system that penalized artistic innovation. For most of the 19th century, the Académie des Beaux-Arts, a state-sanctioned institution, dominated the production and consumption of French art. A jury of academicians decided which paintings were exhibited at the Salon, the main forum for collectors to view new work. The academy set strict rules on artistic expression, and preferred idealized scenes from classical mythology to anything resembling contemporary life. For the most part, the art that resulted was staid and predictable, painted by skilled but anonymous technicians. It sure doesn't feel like we're in a golden age of technology innovation, and I sure recognize a lot of the VC horde mentality in the Académie description.

Continue reading Four short links: 27 April 2017.

UK ebook sales flounder as interest in print copies rebounds

Book sales in the UK are on the rise, but not because of ebooks. Figures for 2016 released by the Publishers Association show a 7 percent rise over 2015, the largest year-over-year growth in a decade. Physical book sales were up 8 percent, however eb...

BlackBerry KEYone reaches the US on May 31st

To say that the launch of the BlackBerry KEYone has been protracted would be an understatement. BlackBerry and TCL teased the high-profile phone in January, dished out proper details in February, and has left people wondering about a specific US rele...

The Morning After: Thursday, April 27th 2017

TV dinners for foodies? The beginning of the end for net neutrality? Someone beating up a poor robot? Must be a Thursday. We also hear more on the next Call Of Duty title and Amazon's new fashion camera. Really.

Designing a reactive HTTP server with RxJava

Achieve high scalability and performance while reducing system complexity.

The C10k problem was an area of research and optimization that tried to achieve 10,000 concurrent connections on a single commodity server. Even these days, solving this engineering task with the traditional Java toolkit is a challenge. There are many reactive approaches that easily achieve C10k, and RxJava makes them very approachable. In this chapter, we explore several implementation techniques that will improve scalability by several orders of magnitude. All of them will circle around the concept of reactive programming. If you are lucky enough to work on a greenfield project, you might consider implementing your application in a reactive manner top to bottom. Such an application should never synchronously wait for any computation or action. The architecture must be entirely event-driven and asynchronous in order to avoid blocking. We will go through several examples of a simple HTTP server and observe how it behaves with respect to design choices we made. Admittedly, performance and scalability does have a complexity price tag. But with RxJava the additional complexity will be reduced significantly.

The classic thread per connection model struggles to solve the C10k problem. With 10,000 threads we do the following:

Continue reading Designing a reactive HTTP server with RxJava.

Putting web accessibility front and center

Learn to make your sites and apps accessible to all users with this Learning Path at Fluent 2017.

“Building a better web” is the theme of Fluent this year, and hopefully it’s the goal of everyone who attends. But how do you define “a better web”? Some of the building blocks are no-brainers to most of us: the web should be fast, available, and secure. But if we build websites that are literally unusable for a huge number of people, then speed, availability, and security don’t mean much.

Here are some stats about disabilities that affect how people interact with the web:

Continue reading Putting web accessibility front and center.

NASA is running out of functional spacewalk suits

NASA already spent over $200 million on developing a next-gen spacesuit, but it's still years away from conjuring up a working unit. That's a bigger problem than you might think, because according to NASA's Office of Inspector General (OIG), the agen...

Two men admit involvement in the TalkTalk 2015 hack

Two men involved in 2015's TalkTalk hack have pleaded guilty at the Old Bailey court in London. Matthew Hanley, a 22-year-old from Tamworth, Staffordshire, admitted to three offences under the Computer Misuse Act, including the TalkTalk hack itself a...

How can I scan my network using Nmap?

Learn how you can use Nmap to scan your network to find out which services and hosts are listening and may be vulnerable to compromise.

Continue reading How can I scan my network using Nmap?.

How can I conduct a vulnerability scan of my network using OpenVAS?

Learn how you can use OpenVAS to scan your network for hosts and fingerprint their listening services to obtain access.

Continue reading How can I conduct a vulnerability scan of my network using OpenVAS?.

How do I build my own computer worm for penetration testing?

Learn computer worm malware inside and out by building your own.

Continue reading How do I build my own computer worm for penetration testing?.

Bill O’Reilly: ‘People Are Trying To Kill Me Right Now’

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Bill O’Reilly made a thinly veiled reference to the sexual harassment scandal that cost him his job atFox Newsby comparing his situation to that of his father, who served in World War II.

On his podcast Wednesday, O’Reilly read a message from a fan who complimented his book, “Killing the Rising Sun.”

“I really like the way you wrapped it up, Bill, the last bit about your father caught me off-guard, but it was a really nice twist,” O’Reilly quoted.

He then talked about how his father was a naval officer en route to Japan “and would have been killed in the invasion had the atom bombs not been dropped.”

O’Reilly said he wouldn’t be here if his father had been killed in the war.

“And a lot of people are trying to kill me right now, as you know,” O’Reilly said. “But we’re going to tough that one out.”

He then recommended his book as “a great Father’s Day/Mother’s Day gift.”

O’Reilly also said the next book in his “Killing” series will be released in September.

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Cleveland Clinic discovers opportunities to overcome cancer treatment resistance

A collaborative Cleveland Clinic, University of Oxford and Moffitt Cancer Center team of researchers has proven the theory that, while resistance to targeted treatment in cancer is truly a moving target, there are opportunities to overcome the resistance that develops.

Mechanism of the influence of the Tibetan-Iranian Plateaus on the circulation and climate in summer

The Iranian-Tibetan Plateaus have both dynamic and thermal influences on Asian climate and global circulation. Scientists have been puzzled the mechanism of the influence. Now researchers in Beijing have identified the interactions and feedbacks among the heating over the two plateaus and circulation as well as the associated impacts of such interactions on Asian summer monsoon.

Fukomys livingstoni, I presume?

Two new species of African mole-rat have been discovered by researchers at Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), together with colleagues in Tanzania and at the University of Pretoria.

Augmented reality increases maintenance reliability at a space station

(VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland) An international project led by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland developed a new augmented reality (AR) tool for the ESA.

Animals actively choose to match their surroundings to avoid predation

Animals can match their background to avoid detection by predators. For instance, numerous species have evolved color patterns that help them blend into their surroundings and avoid predators -- a phenomenon called crypsis. A new experimental study found that ghost crabs in the Solomon Islands may achieve crypsis by actively choosing to live in sand background that matches their body color.

How domestication altered the genome of ancient horses

Analyses of 14 ancient horse genomes reveal the significant selective pressures domestication put on these animals, and highlight a relatively recent loss in their genetic diversity.

Wireless power can drive tiny electronic devices in the GI tract

Investigators report that an ingestible electronic capsule, complete with a capsule-sized antenna capable of receiving a radio signal wirelessly, can safely power a device in the gastrointestinal tract in preclinical models.

Scientists examine impact of high-severity fires on conifer forests

The ability of some Western conifer forests to recover after severe fire may become increasingly limited as the climate continues to warm, scientists from the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute (SCBI) and Harvard Forest found in a new study published today in Global Change Biology.

Physical activity helps to counteract weight gain from obesity-causing gene variant

Physical activity can reduce the weight-gaining effects of the genetic variant that carries the greatest risk of obesity, report Mariaelisa Graff of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Tuomas Kilpeläinen of University of Copenhagen and colleagues April 27, 2017, in PLOS Genetics.

Discovery in northern lakes may be key to understanding early life on Earth

A team of researchers has discovered that many Canadian lakes can provide new insights into ancient oceans, and their findings could advance research about greenhouse gas emissions, harmful algal blooms, and early life forms.

Using rooster testes to learn how the body fights viruses

Our bodies are constantly under siege by foreign invaders; viruses, bacteria and parasites that want to infiltrate our cells. Using rooster testes, scientists shed light on how germ cells -- sperm and egg -- protect themselves from viruses so that they can pass accurate genetic information to the next generation. The findings could help researchers better fight viruses in chickens and in people.

Why do we like our classes? And each other? Our brain waves tell us, new research shows

The synchronization of brainwaves among students during class reflects how much they like the class and each other, a team of neuroscientists has found.

New blood test may better predict gestational diabetes

Researchers have found that a single measurement of GCD59, a novel biomarker for diabetes, at weeks 24-28 of gestation identified, with high sensitivity and specificity, women who failed the glucose challenge test as well as women with gestational diabetes. It was also associated with the probability of delivering a large-for-gestational-age newborn.

‘Outstanding’ results announced from new blood cancer study

Research led by University of Leicester and University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust reveals 'transformative outcomes' for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

Neurons’ faulty wiring leads to serotonin imbalance, depression-like behavior in mice

Columbia scientists have identified a gene that allows neurons that release serotonin to evenly spread their branches throughout the brain. Without this gene, these branches become entangled, leading to haphazard serotonin distribution, and signs of depression in mice. These observations shed light on how neuronal wiring is critical to overall brain health, while also revealing a promising new research focus for psychiatric disorders associated with serotonin imbalance -- such as depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and autism.

Lutein and zeaxanthin isomers demonstrates improved psychological stress levels

Lutein and zeaxanthin isomers -- known as the macular carotenoids -- are traditionally associated with eye health, but researchers at the University of Georgia found an interesting connection to their function in brain health, showing that they improved psychological stress levels and reduced serum cortisol. The LAMA II (an acronym for Lutein, Vision and Mental Acuity II) study was the subject of a recent paper, which was published in the journal Nutritional Neuroscience, 2017 (Stringham, et al.).

New eye test detects earliest signs of glaucoma

Researchers at University College London (UCL) and the Western Eye Hospital have developed a simple, inexpensive diagnostic tool DARC (Detection of Apoptosing Retinal Cells). In clinical trials it allowed for the first time visualization of individual nerve cell death in patients with glaucoma. Early detection means doctors can start treatments before sight loss begins. Initial clinical trials will be published in BRAIN. Ongoing trials are investigating the potential of the test for other neurodegenerative conditions.

Diabetes app forecasts blood sugar levels

Researchers have developed a personalized algorithm that predicts the impact of particular foods on an individual's blood sugar levels, according to a new study published in PLOS Computational Biology. The algorithm has been integrated into an app, Glucoracle, which will allow individuals with type 2 diabetes to keep a tighter rein on their glucose levels -- the key to preventing or controlling the major complications of a disease that affects 8 percent of Americans.

How do students with debt fare in community college?

Community college students who borrow up to $1,999 in student loans during their first two years of community college complete 17 percent fewer academic credits in that same time period than their peers who take out $2,000 to $3,999 in loans or do not take out any loans at all. This finding and more were published in a new study out today in The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science (a SAGE Publishing journal).

Can early experiences with computers, robots increase STEM interest among young girls?

Girls start believing they aren't good at math, science and even computers at a young age -- but providing fun STEM activities at school and home may spark interest and inspire confidence. A study from the University of Washington's Institute for Learning & Brain Sciences (I-LABS) finds that, when exposed to a computer-programming activity, 6-year-old girls expressed greater interest in technology and more positive attitudes about their own skills and abilities than girls who didn't try the activity.

DNA from extinct humans discovered in cave sediments

Researchers have developed a new method to retrieve hominin DNA from cave sediments -- even in the absence of skeletal remains.

NASA sees formation of Tropical Storm Frances near Darwin

Tropical Storm Frances has formed in the Beagle Gulf, east of the Timor Sea near Darwin, Australia, and NASA's Aqua satellite captured a clear image of the storm.

New analysis of brain network activity offers unique insight into epileptic seizures

Little is known about which specific areas of the brain contribute to a patient's epileptic network or the roles these different areas play. As a group of researchers in Germany now reports this week in Chaos, one way to get closer to the complex wiring of the human brain is by merging concepts from a timed-based synchronization theory and space-based network theory to construct functional brain networks.

Resource availability drives person-to-person variations in microbes living in the body

The collection of microbial species found in the human body varies from person to person, and new research published in PLOS Computational Biology suggests that a significant part of this variation can be explained by variability in shared resources available to the microbes.

Study supporting glycated CD59 as a novel alternative for gestational diabetes screening

Mellitus, LLC reports publication of results from a prospective, investigator-initiated study conducted at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) demonstrating the potential clinical utility of glycated CD59 (GCD59) as a novel biomarker for the screening and diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).

National mental-health survey finds widespread ignorance, stigma

Less than half of Americans can recognize anxiety. Most people don't know what to do about depression even when they spot it. And nearly 8 in 10 don't recognize prescription drug abuse as a treatable problem.

Flawed forensic science may be hampering identification of human remains

Research from The Australian National University (ANU) has cast doubt on a method used in forensic science to determine whether skeletal remains are of a person who has given birth.

Molecule identified that helps give resident T cells in the skin their anti-cancer punch

The molecule CD103 is key to the long-term residence of T cells in the skin and to their anti-tumor function, report a collaborative team of researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina and Dartmouth In the April 14, 2017 Science Immunology. This finding supplements the ground-breaking discovery by the Dartmouth researchers that T cells residing in the skin are responsible for a potent anti-tumor response against melanoma.

Treatment improved overall survival in elderly patients with early-stage esophageal cancer

Elderly patients with early-stage esophageal cancer that received treatment had an increased 5-year overall survival when compared to patients who received observation with no treatment.

Analysis: Gender differences in depression appear at age 12

An analysis just published online has broken new ground by finding gender differences in both symptoms and diagnoses of depression appearing at age 12.

E-cigarettes do not promote cancer growth in lab tests

A new study found no evidence that a commercially available e-cigarette vapor promotes the development of cancer in laboratory cells. In contrast, smoke from a reference cigarette was positive for cancer-promoting activity at very low concentrations.

Blood test predicts kids at risk for dengue shock syndrome

The most serious, life-threatening complication of dengue infection is dengue shock syndrome (DSS), seen primarily in children. Daily platelet counts in children in the early stages of dengue can predict those most at risk for DSS, researchers report in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.

A quarter of nursing home residents are colonized with drug-resistant bacteria

The significant presence of multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria (MDR-GNB), such as E. coli, among nursing home residents demonstrates the need for heightened infection control prevention and control measures in nursing homes, according to a meta-analysis published in the May issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, the official journal of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC).

Can yoga reduce symptoms of menstrual disorders?

A systematic review of the published literature on yoga practice and common menstrual disorders found that all of the studies evaluated reported a beneficial effect and reduced symptoms.

Exercise and vitamin D better together for heart health

Johns Hopkins researchers report that an analysis of survey responses and health records of more than 10,000 American adults for nearly 20 years suggests a 'synergistic' link between exercise and good vitamin D levels in reducing the risk of heart attacks and strokes.

Stem cells edited to fight arthritis

Using CRISPR technology, a team of researchers led by Farshid Guilak, PhD, at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, rewired stem cells' genetic circuits to produce an anti-inflammatory arthritis drug when the cells encounter inflammation. The technique eventually could act as a vaccine for arthritis and other chronic conditions.

Mouse teeth providing new insights into tissue regeneration

Researchers hope to one day use stem cells to heal burns, patch damaged heart tissue, even grow kidneys and other transplantable organs from scratch.

Twitter could have predicted the outcome of the Brexit vote

Leave campaigners were not only victorious in the June 2016 Brexit vote but also in the battle of the twittersphere, a new study in the British Journal of Politics and International Relations reports.

Antidepressant may enhance drug delivery to the brain

New research from the National Institutes of Health found that pairing the antidepressant amitriptyline with drugs designed to treat central nervous system diseases, enhances drug delivery to the brain by inhibiting the blood-brain barrier in rats. The blood-brain barrier serves as a natural, protective boundary, preventing most drugs from entering the brain. The research, performed in rats, appeared online April 27 in the Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism.

For first time, researchers measure forces that align crystals and help them snap together

For the first time, researchers have measured the force that draws tiny crystals together and visualized how they swivel and align. Called van der Waals forces, the attraction provides insights into how crystals self-assemble, an activity that occurs in a wide range of cases in nature, from rocks to shells to bones.

When students pay attention in class, their brains are in sync

When people in a group are engaged with each other and with the world around them, their brainwaves show similar patterns. That's the conclusion of researchers who used portable EEG to simultaneously record brain activity from a class of high school students over the course of a semester as they went about their classroom activities. The findings, reported in Current Biology, highlight the promise of investigating the neuroscience of group interactions in real-world settings.

How shifts in excitation-inhibition balance may lead to psychiatric disorders

In a special issue of Biological Psychiatry titled 'Cortical Excitation-Inhibition Balance and Dysfunction in Psychiatric Disorders', guest editors Dr. Alan Anticevic and Dr. John Murray, both of Yale University, bring together seven reviews that highlight advancements in understanding the balance of excitatory and inhibitory signaling in the brain, and what might happen when it goes awry.

Diagnosed autism linked to maternal grandmother’s smoking in pregnancy

Scientists from the University of Bristol have looked at all 14,500 participants in Children of the 90s and found that if a girl's maternal grandmother smoked during pregnancy, the girl is 67 percent more likely to display certain traits linked to autism, such as poor social communication skills and repetitive behaviors.

Computational research details the activation mechanism of p38α

p38α is a protein involved in chronic inflammatory diseases and cancer, among other pathological conditions.Published in the journal eLife, the study provides a deeper understanding of the structure of this protein, thereby paving the way for the development of more effective inhibitors.These findings are the result of combining fundamental biological data using computational techniques.

Diabetes app forecasts blood sugar levels

Glucoracle is a new app for people with type 2 diabetes that uses a personalized algorithm to predict the impact of particular foods on blood sugar levels.

Legal marijuana stores lead to increases in property crime

Legal marijuana shops are linked to higher levels of property crime in nearby areas, according to a nearly three-year study in Denver.

Cold-water corals: Acidification harms, warming promotes growth

The cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa is able to counteract negative effects of ocean acidification under controlled laboratory conditions when water temperature rises by a few degrees at the same time. Whether this will also be possible in the natural habitat depends on the degree of change in environmental conditions, researchers from GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel argue in a publication in the journal Frontiers in Marine Science.

Ripples in the cosmic web

A team of astronomers has made the first measurements of small-scale ripples in primeval hydrogen gas using rare double quasars.

A turbo engine for tracing neurons

Putting a turbo engine into an old car gives it an entirely new life -- suddenly it can go further, faster. That same idea is now being applied to neuroscience, with a software wrapper that can be used on existing neuron tracing algorithms to boost their ability to handle not just big, but enormous sets of data. The wrapper, called UltraTracer, is highlighted this month in Nature Methods.

Winemakers lose billions of dollars every year due to natural disasters

Every year, worldwide wine industry suffers losses of more than ten billion US dollars from damaged assets, production losses, and lost profits due to extreme weather events and natural disasters. A multidisciplinary European-Australian team of researchers led by Dr. James Daniell of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) examines the extent to which regions are affected by the risks and how climate change influences wine industry.

UBC instructor uses math to investigate possibility of time travel

After some serious number crunching, a UBC researcher has come up with a mathematical model for a viable time machine.

Study shows link between maternal marijuana use and low birth weight

Researchers at Lawson Health Research Institute, Western University and Brescia University College found that women who used marijuana while pregnant were almost three times more likely to have an infant with low birth weight. It is the first large-scale study in Canada to show this association between maternal marijuana use and low birth weight infants.

NASA sees vertical wind shear affecting Tropical Storm Muifa

Vertical wind shear can weaken a tropical cyclone and that's what's happening to the now weaker Tropical Depression Muifa in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean. NASA gathered rainfall information about the storm as wind shear continued to weaken it.

Findings suggest underdiagnosis of AMD not uncommon in primary eye care

Approximately 25 percent of eyes deemed to be normal based on dilated eye examination by a primary eye care ophthalmologist or optometrist had macular characteristics that indicated age-related macular degeneration (AMD), according to a study published by JAMA Ophthalmology.

Light has new capacity for electronics

In 'Minority Report,' the protagonist uses gloves that give him the power of virtual manipulation. The light seems to allow him to control the screen as if it were a touchscreen, but he's touching nothing but air. That technology is still science fiction, but a new study may bring it closer to reality. Researchers report in Applied Physics Letters that they have discovered the photodielectric effect, which could lead to laser-controlled touch displays.

A new technique makes it possible to extract the DNA from hominids preserved in sediments

The sediments forming the layers or strata at archaeological sites can be very rich in bone remains, but until now their possible fossil DNA content had not attracted the attention of paleoanthropologists. Now, a new technique developed by an international team, in which the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) has participated, allows the remains of groups of hominids in these sediments to be traced, even in caves or in strata which have no skeletal remains. The results are published in the latest issue of Science.

The key to long female lives may be heterogeneity

In sparrowhawks diversity in frailty and robustness helps females live longer.

Wanting more self-control could hinder our efforts to exert self-control, study finds

A new study shows that, ironically, wanting to have more self-control could actually be an obstacle to achieving it. It appears that the mere existence of a desire for self-control undermines one's confidence and brings one to disengage from self-control challenges (regardless of one's actual level of self-control).

Engineers investigate a simple, no-bake recipe to make bricks from Martian soil

Explorers planning to settle on Mars might be able to turn the planet's soil into bricks without needing to use an oven or additional ingredients. Instead, they would need to apply pressure to compact the soil--the equivalent of a blow from a hammer. These are findings of a study published in Nature Scientific Reports on April 27, 2017. The study was authored by a team of engineers at the University of California San Diego.

What causes gene transfer to trigger T cell activation and exhaustion?

Researchers are beginning to gain a clearer understanding of how the immune system responds, in both a reactive and tolerant way, to gene therapy delivered using what has become the preferred gene delivery vector, adeno-associated viruses (AAV). A new review that takes a comprehensive look at both the AAV-mediated immune reactivation response to gene transfer and the role that regulatory and exhausted T cells play in the development of tolerance to AAV.

Pregnancy does not increase expectant mothers’ melanoma risk

Expectant mothers need not be concerned that they are more prone to develop melanoma, or will have a worse prognosis if they do get this serious skin cancer, than women who are not pregnant, according to study results published online as an 'article in press' on the Journal of the American College of Surgeons website ahead of print publication.

Strong parent connections enhance children’s ability to develop healthy response to stress

Children in low-income families have an increased chance of thriving when their caregiver relationships include certain positive characteristics, according to new research. Using data from more than 2,200 low-income families surveyed as part of the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, researchers found that school-age children who reported high levels of parent involvement and supervision were more likely to report behaviors associated with positive emotional development and social growth.

Landmark clinical trial to help Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis sufferers

A clinical trial funded by Arthritis Research UK and the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) led by professors from the Universities of Liverpool (UK) and Bristol (UK) has discovered a drug combination that could help thousands of children with arthritis.

Scientists uncover interactions between bacteria that infect the lungs in cystic fibrosis

Substances produced by a harmful bacterium in the lungs of cystic fibrosis patients may enhance the growth of other bacteria that, in turn, inhibit the harmful bacterium's biofilm, according to new research published in PLOS Pathogens.

Control of molecular motion by metal-plated 3-D printed plastic pieces

EPFL scientists have combined 3-D-printing with electroplating to easily produce high-quality metal electrodes that can be used as a molecular beam-splitter.
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