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ANNAPOLIS, Md. -- The U.S. Naval Academy on Wednesday charged three Navy football players with sexually assaulting a female midshipman at an off-campus house more than a year ago.
The academy said in a news release that the male midshipmen are being charged with rape, sexual assault or other sexual misconduct, and making a false official statement.
The three students were not identified in the academy's statement. Two of the students were football players this past season, but they are not on the team anymore. Another is still on the team, but he has been suspended pending the outcome of the case. It was not immediately clear if the three have an attorney.
"The case is still in the pre-trial phase, so any further comment on this ongoing investigation would be inappropriate," Cmdr. John Schofield, an academy spokesman, said in a statement.
The alleged assault occurred in April 2012 at an off-campus house in Annapolis. The woman's attorney, Susan Burke, has said the woman woke up with bruises after a night of heavy drinking and later learned from friends and social media that three football players she considered friends were claiming to have had sex with her while she was intoxicated and blacked out.
Burke has said Vice Adm. Michael Miller, the academy's superintendent, closed an investigation into the same allegations last year without charges.
The academy announced on Monday that Miller had decided to forward the case to Article 32 proceedings, which are held to determine if there is evidence for a court-marital. Schofield said earlier this week that the initial Naval Criminal Investigative Service investigation into the case had been completed and reviewed.
Burke said in a statement Wednesday, "My client and I are cautiously optimistic that justice will finally prevail in this case. Even if this case is successfully prosecuted, the larger problem remains: rape cases in the military are controlled by untrained and biased commanders whose career interests may be served by covering up incidents like this one. The Naval Academy's handling of this case raises troubling questions about how the victim and the football players were treated. This case reflects why rape victims are fearful and skeptical of the military justice system."
The case comes as a string of sexual assault cases in the military has drawn attention and criticism in Congress, the Pentagon and the White House. Many of the assault cases involve alcohol, the military has said.
U.S. Sen. Barbara Mikulski recently wrote to Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel that she is "deeply troubled by the lackluster response from the superintendents to increasing rates of sexual assault within their academies."
Mikulski, D-Md., is a member of the U.S. Naval Academy's Board of Visitors, which acts as a board of trustees for the Annapolis military college.
"If we are going to end sexual assault in the military, we must start by changing the culture in the service academies where future leaders are created," Mikulski wrote.
President Barack Obama talked about the sexual assault problem when he spoke at the academy's commissioning ceremony last month. The president said those who commit sexual assault threaten the trust and discipline that makes the military strong.
Other Navy football players have faced assault allegations in the past.
In 2006, Lamar Owens Jr., the team's starting quarterback, was acquitted of rape but found guilty of lesser charges. He was expelled from the school. Another one-time member of the team, Kenny Ray Morrison, was convicted in 2007 of sexually assaulting a female classmate at a Washington hotel. He was sentenced to two years in the Navy brig.
FAIRPORT, Mich. (AP) — A wooden beam that has long been the focus of the search for a 17th century shipwreck in northern Lake Michigan was not attached to a buried vessel as searchers had suspected, but still may have come from the elusive Griffin or some other ship, archaeologists said Wednesday.
Shipwreck hunter Steve Libert discovered a 10.5-foot section of the timber jutting from the lake bed twelve years ago in an area where he was convinced that the Griffin, commanded by the French explorer Rene Robert Cavelier de la Salle, sank in 1679. French experts who inspected the beam in recent days said it appeared to be a bowsprit — a spur or pole that extends from a vessel's stem — that was hundreds of years old.
Crews have been digging beside the timber, where sonar readings indicated that one or more objects that together exceeded 40 feet long were submerged in mud. Libert and other expedition leaders believed they might be the hull of the Griffin, and that the excavation would find a connection between it and the presumed bowsprit.
But on Tuesday, as a diver was widening the pit, the timber began wobbling. Archaeologists and other expedition leaders decided to take it down instead of trying to stabilize it, fearing it was a safety risk. So the diver eased it to the lake bed after checking beneath and discovering that it wasn't attached to another object, but simply had been embedded in the tightly packed sediments.
Even though no other wreckage was found, project manager Ken Vrana said there's still a good chance it is located not far away. With the timber no longer in place, crews stepped up their dredging operation in hopes of reaching a hard surface that a probing device has indicated is 18 to 20 feet down.
"It could be that the ship is very close to this area, but it is impossible to say for sure at this point," said Michel L'Hour, director of France's Department of Underwater Archaeological Research and a shipwreck expert.
Meanwhile, expedition leaders were talking with state officials about what to do with the timber. Options include leaving it on the lake bottom — concealed to avoid theft or vandalism — or bringing it to shore, which would require expert preservation treatment.
BISMARCK, N.D. -- A North Dakota judge on Wednesday agreed to combine a lawsuit that challenges a new requirement for doctors who perform abortions with litigation over a 2011 law that limits the use of drugs to terminate pregnancies.
East Central Judge Wickham Corwin said he will allow the Red River Women's Clinic in Fargo clinic, backed by the New York-based Center for Reproductive Rights, to combine the previous lawsuit with new litigation over a law that requires doctors who perform abortions to obtain hospital-admitting privileges.
The Fargo judge has not issued a formal ruling on either suit. However, in April he said he would rule in favor of the abortion clinic in its challenge of the law limiting abortion-inducing drugs. Corwin, who had already granted an injunction preventing the law from taking effect, called that legislation "simply wrongheaded."
Attorneys for the clinic said the 2013 law raises the same "legal and factual matters" as the 2011 legislation. State attorneys have argued that the cases are "separate and distinct."
Attorney General Wayne Stenehjem said in a statement Wednesday that the state will now defend both laws before the North Dakota Supreme Court.
Opponents say the 2013 law would effectively make abortions illegal in North Dakota. They say it would be impossible for doctors performing abortions to meet the number of hospital visits required to gain admitting privileges because the procedure is safe and women rarely need further care requiring hospitalization.
The 2011 law outlaws one of two drugs used in nonsurgical abortions. Autumn Katz, staff attorney for the Center for Reproductive Rights, which is helping the clinic with its legal challenges, argued that would essentially eliminate the procedure altogether and illegally restrict abortion rights. Corwin agreed.
"We are pleased that the judge has allowed our legal challenge to the state's medically unwarranted admitting privileges law to supplement an existing lawsuit against North Dakota's unconstitutional restrictions on medication abortion," Katz said in a written statement. "Because the court has already considered many of the facts about the safety and quality of care provided at the Red River Women's Clinic, we believe today's decision will expedite the litigation and ultimately result in both laws being permanently struck down as unconstitutional."
North Dakota already has spent more than $52,000 defending the 2011 state law, according to records obtained by The Associated Press. Records show that Dr. Donna Harrison, the president the American Association of Pro-Life Obstetricians and Gynecologists, has billed the state more than $49,000 to act as an expert witness.
The law requiring doctors who perform abortions to have hospital-admitting priviledges was one of four that the Republican-controlled Legislature and GOP Gov. Jack Dalrymple passed this year that make North Dakota the most restrictive state in the nation in which to get an abortion. Lawmakers who introduced the measures say they want to close the Fargo clinic and challenge the 1973 U.S. Supreme Court's Roe v. Wade ruling that legalized abortion up until viability, usually at 22 to 24 weeks.
The new laws are slated to take effect Aug. 1 The Center for Reproductive Rights says it plans to file lawsuits this month against two other new abortion laws, including one that bans the procedure when a fetal heartbeat is detected, which could be as early as six weeks into a pregnancy.
Follow James MacPherson on Twitter at http://www.twitter.com/macphersonja
WASHINGTON — Students applying for financial aid for the coming school year could find some comfort in a bipartisan student loan compromise taking shape in the Senate that would prevent interest rates from doubling and set a single rate each year for undergraduate students, rich or poor.
Interest rates, which would be tied to the financial markets, would rise slightly to 3.8 percent for low-income students receiving new subsidized Stafford loans this year but not double as they're scheduled to do July 1. Despite the increase, the rate is still lower than the 6.8 percent students would face absent congressional action. The current rate is 3.4 percent.
More affluent undergraduates would see a bigger decline; the interest rate on new unsubsidized loans would drop from 6.8 percent to 3.8 percent under current market conditions.
Rates for all new federal student loans would vary from year to year, according to the financial markets. But once students received a loan, the interest rate would be set for the life of that year's loan.
Rates for parents and graduate students also would be tied to the markets.
A draft of the proposal was obtained Wednesday by The Associated Press.
Congress is grappling with student loans for the second straight year, with each party pointing fingers at the other about who would shoulder the blame if rates double. The House passed legislation that also ties rates to the markets but the Senate earlier this month voted down two competing proposals.
The latest Senate compromise, developed during conversations among Democratic Sen. Joe Manchin of West Virginia, Republican Sen. Tom Coburn of Oklahoma and independent Sen. Angus King of Maine, was being passed among offices. None of them publicly committed to the plan until they heard back from the Congressional Budget Office about how much the proposal would cost.
A day earlier, Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid told reporters negotiations were afoot and predicted a deal could be reached. He mentioned talking with Manchin and King, as well as Democratic Sen. Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts and Jack Reed of Rhode Island.
"The last 24 hours, I've spent hours working with interested senators," Reid said Tuesday.
"We're not there yet," he added.
Education Secretary Arne Duncan and White House economic adviser Gene Sperling would have lunch with senators on Thursday, Reid said.
Republicans, meanwhile, have been unrelenting in their criticism of Democrats for opposing tenets of Obama's student loan proposal, chiefly rates that change every year to reflect the markets. Without action, Republicans said, students were left not knowing how much they would be paying for classes this fall.
"It's not fair to these students and not fair to students across the country who need to know what the cost of their loans is going to be and what the interest rate is going to be," Republican House Speaker John Boehner told reporters.
Last year, Congress voted to keep interest rates on subsidized Stafford student loans at 3.4 percent for another year during a heated presidential campaign. Without the attention, education advocates worried that the interest rate would revert back to former rates on July 1, leading to extra out-of-pocket costs for students.
Six sometimes overlapping versions of student loan legislation were being considered in the House and Senate. Two bills – Senate Republicans' and Senate Democrats' proposals – both failed to win 60 votes needed to advance last week, seeming to suggest student loans were going to double.
Other proposals had champions among wings of their parties but only the House had passed student loan legislation that ties interest rates to Treasury notes. That bill drew a veto threat from the White House.
"The House has done its job. It's time for the Senate to do theirs," Boehner said.
It seemed work was afoot behind the scenes.
The bipartisan Senate proposal being circulated with just days to spare before interest rates increased borrowed pieces from the various suggestions.
In the potential compromise, interest rates would be linked to 10-year Treasury notes, plus an added percentage – just like Obama's proposal, as well as those from House and Senate Republicans.
When students sign for loans each academic year, their interest rate would be locked in for the life of that year's loan. For instance, students could wind up paying a higher interest rate for their sophomore year than their freshman year if the economy continues to improve and 10-year Treasury rates increase.
Students from lower-income families are eligible for subsidized Stafford loans, in which the government covers interest costs while they are in college. Those loans make up about a quarter of all federal student lending.
At the end of their studies, students could consolidate their loans, as is the case now. The current system caps that rate at 8.25 percent and lawmakers were considering keeping that in place.
Follow Philip Elliott on Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/philip_elliott
LOS ANGELES — Seems Warner Bros. has taken movie marketing to a whole new level – even higher than a bird or a plane.
The studio enlisted Christian-focused firm Grace Hill Media to promote "Man of Steel" to faith-based groups by inviting them to early screenings and creating trailers that highlight the film's religious themes. They also enlisted Craig Detweiler, a Pepperdine University professor and author of "Into the Dark: Seeing the Sacred in the Top Films of the 21st Century," to create a Superman-centric sermon outline for pastors titled "Jesus: The Original Superhero."
"Let's consider how Superman's humble origins, his high calling and his transforming sacrifice point us towards Jesus, the original superhero," the notes read.
The tale of Superman has long been associated with religious allegories. "Man of Steel," which stars British actor Henry Cavill in the titular role, doesn't shy away from that theme, including portraying the character as 33 years old, having him seek counsel at a church in a time of crisis and forming a cross-like pose while floating in space.
"I just felt like you could be cute with it and pretend like it doesn't exist, but what that does is hold back the mythology of Superman," said "Man of Steel" director Zack Snyder in an interview to promote the film earlier this month.
Snyder added, "Comic books are our mythology now. We don't really have gods that we believe in that live up on a mountain. We barely believe in the gods that we have, and I just feel like Superman allows us to explain the modern world."
Hollywood studios frequently market movies to specific religious and cultural groups. Warner Bros. previously marketed films like "The Blind Side," "The Notebook," "The Book of Eli" and the "Harry Potter" series – but not "Green Lantern" – to faith-based groups.
"Man of Steel" earned $116.6 million in its opening weekend at the box office, giving it the biggest all-time opening in June, as well as the second largest opening of the year behind "Iron Man 3."
Follow AP Entertainment Writer Derrik J. Lang on Twitter at . http://www.twitter.com/derrikjlang
NEW YORK -- Tony Bennett never forgot the first time he performed with Dave Brubeck more than half a century ago. But the tape of that memorable collaboration between two American jazz masters lay forgotten in a record label's vaults until its discovery by an archivist just weeks after Brubeck's death in December, and it's just been released as "Bennett/Brubeck: The White House Sessions, Live 1962."
President John F. Kennedy's White House made this jazz summit possible when it booked Brubeck and Bennett to perform at a concert on Aug. 28, 1962, for college-age summer interns. The crowd was so big that the concert had to be moved from the Rose Garden to an open-air theater at the base of the Washington Monument.
After Brubeck and Bennett each performed with their bands, the pianist came back on stage with his drummer Joe Morello and bassist Eugene Wright to accompany the singer on four encore numbers: "We haven't rehearsed this, so lots of luck, folks," Bennett joked with the audience.
"It was very spontaneous – a real jam session, where you really don't plan what you're going to sing or how you're going to play it," said Bennett, who had never previously performed with his Columbia Records labelmate. "I just gave Dave the key and the song, and we just went for it. The audience went crazy, and you can hear the reaction on the record."
Columbia Records had sent its mobile recording unit to tape the concert. But only one song, their version of "That Old Black Magic," surfaced years later on several compilation albums. The nearly one-hour tape had been mislabeled as "American Jazz Concert" with no reference to the two jazz legends and ended up lost in a section of the massive Sony Music Entertainment archives mostly devoted to classical music recordings.
Matt Kelly, director of the archives, was doing routine research last year into Columbia recording sessions done 50 years ago when he pieced together the paper trail that would lead to the tape's discovery. He cross-referenced incomplete logbook entries for an Aug. 28, 1962, live recording in Washington, which didn't list the performers' names, and separate listings for Bennett and Brubeck sessions that same day. After Brubeck's death at age 91 on Dec. 5, Bennett's camp prodded Sony to see if a tape of the Washington concert existed and it was quickly located.
"I was shocked they even had it," Bennett said in a telephone interview.
John Jackson, Sony Legacy's vice president of A&R and Content, was surprised to find the tape in pristine condition and decided it had to be released.
"Both Tony and Dave are absolutely at the top of their game," Jackson said. "It's the only time they were recorded performing together and to have them on tape together was just too good to be true."
Brubeck's classic quartet – with alto saxophonist Paul Desmond – begins the set by playing the odd-metered "Take Five" at a faster tempo than on their groundbreaking 1959 album "Time Out," which the year before had peaked at No. 2 on the pop album charts. The rest of the set includes Brubeck compositions inspired by the rhythms of countries where he had performed – "Nomad" (Afghanistan), "Thank You (Dziekuje)" (Poland) and "Castilian Blues" (Spain).
The smooth-voiced Bennett, accompanied by pianist Ralph Sharon's trio, sings Broadway tunes such as "Just In Time" and "Small World" in his set, which closes with a song that had begun climbing the pop singles chart a few weeks earlier – "I Left My Heart In San Francisco."
Their joint performance offers a rare chance to hear Brubeck perform Great American Songbook standards with a top-flight jazz singer and Bennett unleash his jazz chops often kept in check on his more pop-oriented Columbia recordings.
They begin their impromptu performance with a brisk "Lullaby of Broadway" in which Bennett unexpectedly changes the lyrics to "Come along and listen to the lullaby of ... Dave Brubeck" and the pianist quickly jumps into his solo. On "Chicago (That Toddlin' Town)," Brubeck's solo gets somewhat funky. Bennett starts off singing "There Will Never Be Another You" as a slow ballad, but suddenly shifts to a fast tempo displaying some daring jazz phrasing, accompanied by Brubeck's rapid-fire bop lines.
"It was a matter of listening to one another and we turned each other on," Bennett said. "It's always a joy to perform with people that you've admired your whole life."
They didn't perform together again until the 2009 Newport Jazz Festival when Brubeck sat in with Bennett to reprise "That Old Black Magic" – an encounter encouraged by jazz buff Clint Eastwood, who was producing a Brubeck documentary. At the time, Brubeck expressed his admiration for Bennett.
"Tony has such great command, control and power that it's a thrill to hear him really start to belt it out," Brubeck told the AP. "It's a wonderful experience when somebody has all that power."
His 1962 performance inspired Bennett to work with other jazz pianists. Bennett says he met Bill Evans for the first time at that Washington concert and they would record two albums in the 1970s that rank among the best of the singer's career. He recently recorded an album of Jerome Kern tunes with husband-and-wife jazz pianists Bill Charlap and Renee Rosnes for later release.
Bennett, who will celebrate his 87th birthday in August with a Hollywood Bowl concert, is also planning to record a jazz CD with Lady Gaga later this year. He was impressed by her performance of "The Lady Is a Tramp" on his Grammy-winning 2011 "Duets II" CD.
"We just hit it off and I realized, `Oh, my God, this woman's a really great jazz singer,'" Bennett said. "She's going to surprise everybody as to how well she's going to sing on this record."
Follow Charles J. Gans: . http://twitter.com/chjgans
SPOKANE, Wash. -- A father who discovered his 15-year-old daughter was being wooed on Facebook by a man twice her age took matters into his own hands.
He hatched a Facebook ruse that drew the 30-year-old Federal Way man to Spokane earlier this month. Then the father and a couple of his buddies staked out the arranged meeting spot and blocked the man's escape until police arrived.
The Spokesman-Review (http://bit.ly/190xaXm) reports that the suspect, identified in court documents as Jason D. Richards, faces charges of child rape and attempted kidnapping in Spokane County Superior Court. He is jailed on a $100,000 bond.
The newspaper did not publish the name of the girl or her family.
The relationship began in April through a Facebook dating application called "Are You Interested" and was discovered earlier this month by the parents, court records show.
Richards and the girl exchanged hundreds of Facebook messages, communicated via YouTube, met face-to-face in May and then made plans to elope, court records show.
When the girl's parents discovered the relationship on June 7, they took their daughter's computer and locked her out of her Facebook account.
The mother then continued to message the man, posing as her daughter, and persuaded him to go through with the runaway plan. When he arrived at the family's Spokane home in the early hours of June 8, the girl's father and two of his friends were waiting for him in an alley behind the house. They held him until police arrived.
Information from: The Spokesman-Review, http://www.spokesman.com
OAKLAND TOWNSHIP, Mich. — The excavation of a rural field in suburban Detroit has failed to turn up the remains of former Teamsters union leader Jimmy Hoffa, the FBI announced Wednesday, adding another unsuccessful chapter to a nearly 40-year-old mystery.
Authorities stopped the dig after just a few hours on the third day.
"We did not uncover any evidence relevant to the investigation on James Hoffa," said Robert Foley, head of the FBI in Detroit.
"I am very confident of our result here after two-days-plus of diligent effort," he said. "As of this point, we'll be closing down the excavation operation."
Authorities have pursued multiple leads as to Hoffa's whereabouts since his disappearance in 1975. He was last seen outside an Oakland County restaurant where he was to meet with a New Jersey Teamsters boss and a Detroit Mafia captain.
The latest tip about Hoffa's remains came from reputed Mafia captain Tony Zerilli, who, through his lawyer, said Hoffa was buried beneath a concrete slab in a barn in Oakland Township, north of Detroit.
The barn is gone, but FBI agents on Monday starting poring over the field where it used to stand.
On Tuesday, authorities used a backhoe to dig and move dirt around in the section of land. Authorities also called in forensic anthropologists from Michigan State University and cadaver dogs from the Michigan State Police.
"Certainly, we're disappointed" in the results, Foley told reporters Wednesday.
He said about 40 agents were involved in an operation that covered about an acre. The FBI has not put a cost on the search, but Foley said it's more important to solve a case.
"With any investigation we consider cost-benefits analysis," he said. "The FBI and its partners are no corporations. We do not have a profit margin as a bottom line."
Hoffa's rise in the Teamsters, his 1964 conviction for jury tampering and his presumed murder are Detroit's link to a time when organized crime, public corruption and mob hits held the nation's attention. Over the years, authorities have received various tips, leading the FBI to possible burial sites near and far.
In 2003, a backyard swimming pool was dug up 90 miles northwest of Detroit. Seven years ago, a tip from an ailing federal inmate led to a two-week search and excavation at a horse farm in the same region. Last year, soil samples were taken from under the concrete floor of a backyard shed north of the city. And detectives even pulled up floorboards at a Detroit house in 2004.
No evidence of Hoffa was found.
Other theories have suggested he was entombed in concrete at Giants Stadium in New Jersey, ground up and thrown in a Florida swamp or obliterated in a mob-owned fat-rendering plant.
Zerilli, now 85, was in prison for organized crime when Hoffa disappeared. But he told New York TV station WNBC in January that he was informed about Hoffa's whereabouts after his release. His attorney, David Chasnick, said Zerilli is "intimately involved" with people who know where the body is buried.
Details are in a manuscript Zerilli is selling online.
-- The zoo in Novosibirsk, Russia's third-largest city, is home to a unique animal – the liliger. That's a big cat breed where the father is a lion and the mother is a lion-tiger hybrid, called a liger.
The first liliger was born in the zoo last year and now there's a second litter of three, all of them females.
They were born in May and now have grown up enough to start exploring their surroundings, showing an endearing clumsy energy.
Their mother, Zita, was born in the zoo in 2004. Their father, Sam, is an African lion.
Here's a gallery of images from the Novosibirsk zoo.
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WASHINGTON -- Houston's Astrodome stadium, New York's old Pan Am Worldport Terminal at Kennedy Airport and Montana's one-room schoolhouses are joining a list of the nation's most endangered historic places.
On Wednesday, the National Trust for Historic Preservation is releasing its listing of America's 11 Most Endangered Historic Places. It includes sites from Maine to Alaska.
The Astrodome was the world's first domed, air-conditioned stadium and was once called the "eighth wonder of the world." Now it needs a plan for reuse to avoid demolition. At New York's JFK Airport, the flying-saucer-shaped Worldport Terminal helped usher in the jet age in 1960 but has been vacated by Delta Air Lines and faces demolition.
A look at these two places, plus all the others on the list, through photos:
DENVER — A preliminary hearing is scheduled Thursday for a Colorado man accused of telling a flight attendant there was a bomb in his backpack on a flight from Knoxville, Tenn., to Denver.
Federal prosecutors say Mark Michael Bote, of Thornton, was arrested Friday after the Frontier Airlines flight landed. He made his initial court appearance Tuesday on a charge of giving a false report. He will be assigned an attorney.
An FBI agent says in court documents that Bote was returning from a church mission trip. A woman with his group indicated he had a mental disability and can become disoriented without enough sleep.
Bote allegedly told investigators he thought someone was stalking him and feared that the person had put a bomb in his bag.
PORTLAND, Ore. -- Some University of Oregon fans say it's getting crowded in the bleachers. The problem: Jumbo seat cushions.
So the school proposes to limit cushions to 17 inches wide.
University spokeswoman Julie Brown says there have been "a few complaints" about extra-wide cushions taking up too much space at venues with bench-style seating, such as Autzen Stadium and Hayward Field. The benches include seat numbers, but no lines to mark just how much room each spectator gets.
Besides ensuring comfort for spectators squeezed between neighbors with cushions, the university wants to maintain the allocated stadium seating capacity. The presence of large cushions has yet to curtail capacity, but Brown said the school wants to get ahead of the issue as manufacturers expand their menu of cushions and portable seats with larger options.
"It's something that has been happening with a little bit of an increased frequency," Brown said.
Fans bring cushions and portable seats to games to provide comfort for their backs and bottoms, and – especially in Oregon – to avoid wet benches on rainy days. The proposal, in addition to the width requirement, would limit seats to no more than 10 inches deep, with a seat back height that does not exceed 19 inches.
The plan calls for boxes at the gates, like those at airports for carry-on luggage, to determine whether cushions make it into the game or track meet.
A public hearing is scheduled for July 17 on the Eugene campus. If approved, the rules would be in place for the upcoming football season.
Similar rules are in place at other college stadiums and arenas. For example, fans entering Boone Pickens Stadium at Oklahoma State University are limited to cushions no wider than 16 inches. The University of Mississippi prohibits "any portable seat that impedes on the comfort and enjoyment of a fan in an adjacent seat."
Brown said Oregon settled on 17 inches because "it's a relatively standard size."
The National Football League announced last week it is banning fans from carrying seat cushions into its 32 stadiums. The NFL said it was a security decision because cushions can be used to conceal explosive devices.
NEW YORK -- Mariah Carey and Nicki Minaj will take the stage at the BET Awards.
BET announced Tuesday that India.Arie and Ciara will join the former "American Idol" judges as performers at the June 30 awards show.
Previously announced performers include Chris Brown, Miguel, R. Kelly and Kendrick Lamar.
Rapper-singer Drake leads with 12 nominations, while Lamar and 2 Chainz are up for eight awards each.
Chris Tucker will host the BET Awards live from the Nokia Theatre L.A. Live. Presenters include Paula Patton, LaLa Anthony, Angela Bassett and Gabrielle Union.
CANCUN, Mexico -- Mexican authorities have arrested a former university professor who was on the FBI's Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list in the resort city of Playa del Carmen.
Prosecutor Gaspar Armando Garcia Torres said Walter Lee Williams, 64, is wanted on charges of sexual exploitation of children and traveling abroad for the purpose of engaging in sexual acts with children.
Garcia said Williams was captured late Tuesday while drinking coffee near a park in the Caribbean beach town.
"This person is wanted by the FBI because he is linked to the sexual exploitation of children," Garcia told reporters.
He said it wasn't clear how long Williams had been living in Playa del Carmen and that the fugitive also had an address in nearby Cancun, where he was taken and turned over to Mexican immigration officials.
Garcia did not say whether Williams is suspected of committing any crimes in Mexico.
A federal arrest warrant was issued for the former Palm Springs, California, resident in Los Angeles in April, according to the FBI website.
The indictment alleges Williams traveled from Los Angeles to the Philippines in January 2011 to engage in sex acts with two 14-year-old boys he met online in 2010, the U.S. Department of Justice said in a statement Monday.
While in the Philippines, Williams allegedly engaged in sex acts with both boys and produced sexually explicit photos of one of the boys. Williams fled the Los Angeles area approximately one week after returning from the Philippines, it added.
Until 2011, Williams was a tenured professor at the University of Southern California where his field of study was gender development. Williams was also affiliated with the Buddhist Universal Association of Los Angeles, California, according to the FBI.
"Williams has an extensive history of travel throughout the South East Asia region, specifically the Philippines," the FBI said. "He has reportedly resided in Indonesia, Polynesia and Thailand."
The FBI added Williams to its Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list on Monday.
"I analyzed the computers and the camera that belong to Williams and found child pornography," said Special Agent Jeff Yesensky, in a video about Williams posted on the FBI's website Monday to bring attention to the case.
"He preys on the most vulnerable children," Yesensky added.
NEW YORK — Lil Wayne says he wasn't intentionally stepping on the American flag when shooting his latest video.
Video of the rapper from his music video shoot for the song "God Bless Amerika" hit the Web on Monday. In it, he appears to be stepping on top of the American flag. But he said in a Facebook post Tuesday the flag on the ground will not appear in the clip.
He writes it was never his intention "to desecrate the flag of the United States of America."
He says the flag will reveal a group of people behind him in the video.
The New Orleans-based rapper says in the statement his environment helped shape the way he views America and his song and video represent the people he grew up with.
UNIVERSAL CITY, Calif. — Cher is no stranger to tabloid fodder.
The 67-year-old singer who has spent most of her life in the spotlight offered this advice to young artists on navigating the world of paparazzi attention: "You're screwed. That's my advice."
"You don't deal with it. You just try to get a place where no one can find you and that's your little sanctuary," continued the "Believe" singer in an interview Tuesday. "I have a fabulous house that I love and it's my sanctuary."
Looking ever the rock star in leather and studs, Cher took the stage Tuesday for the season finale of NBC's "The Voice." She performed "Woman's World," the first single off her upcoming album of the same name – her 26th album since she began recording in the 1960s.
Cher said reality singing competitions are simply a modern incarnation of classic star-makers like "The Ed Sullivan Show" and "Arthur Godfrey's Talent Scouts."
"It's just another vehicle, you know what I mean? Talent is talent," she said on the red carpet following the finale which crowned 16-year-old country singer Danielle Bradbery the winner.
The young powerhouse from Blake Shelton's team beat out indie rocker Michelle Chamuel and country duo the Swon Brothers for the season four title.
Though Cher has topped the Billboard pop charts throughout the last six decades, she credits luck, not necessarily talent, for her incredible staying power.
"If you have an idea, you tell me because I haven't got a clue," she said of her secret to career longevity. "I believe that luck has a lot to do with it. There are lots of people who are more talented or whatever, but somehow this has been my path. So this is what I'm doing."
Follow Nicole Evatt at http://twitter.com/NicoleEvatt
BERLIN -- President Barack Obama says lives have been saved by sweeping surveillance programs run by the National Security Agency.
Obama says at least 50 threats have been averted because of phone records and Internet information the agency was able to access. He says those threats were not just in the U.S. but also in other countries like Germany.
Obama says both programs are subject to strict court oversight and are limited in scope. He says he believes the U.S. is striking the right balance between national security and civil liberties.
Obama spoke at a joint press conference with German Chancellor Angela Merkel (AHN'-geh-lah MEHR'-kuhl).
Merkel says the topic came up in her meeting with Obama. She says proportionality and balance are important when it comes to surveillance.
SYRACUSE, N.Y. — A former Playboy Playmate has admitted helping her Canadian boyfriend after he illegally entered the United States in northern New York last summer.
Syracuse's The Post-Standard newspaper () says Colleen Shannon pleaded guilty in federal court Tuesday to a felony charge and faces a sentence ranging from no jail time to 10 months. http://bit.ly/16esc3V
Federal agents say the 35-year-old Los Angeles resident and her boyfriend were arrested after he illegally crossed the border and rendezvoused with her in Fort Covington. Officials say the boyfriend has a criminal record in Canada.
Shannon was the centerfold for Playboy's 50th anniversary edition in 2004. She works as a disc jockey and calls herself the world's sexiest DJ. She declined to comment after the court appearance.
Shannon's boyfriend told authorities he knew his criminal record would bar his U.S. entry. He's jailed and faces deportation.
FAIRPORT, Mich. — A wooden beam embedded at the bottom of northern Lake Michigan appears to have been there for centuries, underwater archaeologists announced Tuesday, a crucial finding as crews dig toward what they hope is the carcass of a French ship that disappeared while exploring the Great Lakes in the 17th century.
Expedition leaders still weren't ready to declare they had found a shipwreck or the long-lost Griffin. The ship, commanded by the French explorer Rene Robert Cavelier de la Salle, was never seen again after setting sail in September 1679 from an island near the entrance of Green Bay, in what is now northern Wisconsin, with a crew of a six and a cargo of furs.
But Michel L'Hour, director of France's Department of Underwater Archaeological Research and a shipwreck expert, said the timber appears to be a bowsprit, which is a spur or pole that extends from a vessel's stem. It also seems to be attached to another structure below the lake bed, he said.
"All the details could be interpreted as part of a bowsprit and there's no details which contract this hypothesis," said L'Hour, who dove to inspect the beam with two French colleagues Monday and Tuesday. "It's why it's the main hypothesis now. A bowsprit which has been buried in the sediment of the lake for many centuries."
Commercial divers overseen by scientists last week began excavating at the base of the wooden beam, hoping to determine whether it is part of the Griffin. Steve Libert, a diver and shipwreck enthusiast who has searched three decades for the Griffin, discovered the timber in 2001 and recently obtained state and federal permits to probe beneath the surface.
The beam extends 10.5 feet above the lake bed, and underwater excavators were opening a pit at the base of the post to determine whether it's affixed to anything beneath. In another key development Tuesday, they reported that a probing device had detected a hard surface 18 to 20 feet below the lake bed. It could be a ship's hull or deck.
"In essence, we have found a floor under that exposed wooden timber," said Ken Vrana, the project manager. "We have more excavation to do before verifying what that surface is."
L'Hour said the French archaeologists drew their conclusion about the beam's age after observing differences between the section above the lake floor and the portion below the surface that the pit has exposed. The aboveground section is narrower because of erosion that must have happened over hundreds of years, he said.
Libert said he was excited by the reports and had "no doubt" the beam was part of a ship. But it remained uncertain when the team might be able to positively identify the presumed vessel.
"I think that maybe Steve found the Griffin," L'Hour said at a briefing for reporters. "I can't be sure, which is why I'm waiting and waiting and waiting for the proof."
Although visibly optimistic, the searchers cautioned against expecting quick resolution of a mystery that has thrown numerous hurdles in Libert's path.
After years of research led him to an area near Poverty Island a few miles off Michigan's Upper Peninsula, he literally bumped into the timber during a dive. That touched off years of legal battles between his Great Lakes Exploration Group and the state over access to the presumed shipwreck.
When the excavation finally got underway last Friday, divers expected to find an object similar to the Griffin's reputed size a couple of feet below the surface, based on sonar readings. It's now believed to be perhaps 10 times farther down. Libert, who says he has spent more than $1 million on his long quest and put the excavation's price tag at "six figures," scrambled to obtain equipment that can dig deeper and is better able to break through the hard-packed mud.
It probably will take another day or two to widen the hole and reach the hard surface, Vrana said. The excavation permits expire Friday, although the group could seek extensions. But with the French team scheduled to leave by then, the divers were working faster in hopes of confirming at least the presence of a shipwreck.
State officials and Libert's group agree if the Griffin is found, it will belong to France because it was operating under authority of King Louis XIV. Graham Paul, a French consul general based in Chicago, visited the team over the weekend and said his government would favor attempting to recover the vessel.
"It would be a major excavation and very costly," Vrana said.
But the wreckage could be in surprisingly good condition after being encased in cold mud for 334 years because it wouldn't have been exposed to oxygen, which causes wood and metals to deteriorate, said Dave Miller, an archaeologist with Great Lakes Exploration Group.
"That's the best way of conservation for all the artifacts and for the hull," L'Hour said. "One can't imagine something better than this kind of clay and mud."
PORTLAND, Maine — Physicist Kenneth Wilson, who earned a Nobel prize for pioneering work that changed the way physicists think about phase transitions, has died in Maine, where he retired to enjoy kayaking with his wife. He was 77.
Wilson, who died from complications of lymphoma, was in the physics department at Cornell University in Ithaca, N.Y., when he won the Nobel Prize in 1982 for applying his research in quantum physics to phase transitions, the transformation that occurs when a substance goes from, say, liquid to gas. Wilson created a mathematical tool called the renormalization group that is still widely used in physics.
The son of a Harvard University chemist, the Waltham, Mass., native joined Cornell University in 1963 and later retired from Ohio State University, where he founded the Physics Education Research Group.
His wife, Alison Brown, still recalls the morning they learned of the Nobel Prize. She said on Tuesday that she eventually had to take the phone off the hook so he could finish his breakfast.
Wilson loved to talk physics, she said.
"He was very patient and willing to explain things to people. He never talked down to people and made them feel like they were dumb," Brown said. "He was a kind person. He had a good way of wanting to explain what he was doing, because he always loved what he was doing."
Part of Wilson's gift was his ability to remain focused on complex problems, said Kurt Gottfried, emeritus professor of physics at Cornell. His first project at Cornell involving elementary particle physics took him about five years to complete, Gottfried said.
"He worked very difficult problems that required concentration for a long time – I mean months and years," Gottfried said.
In his down time, Wilson was an avid hiker who enjoyed treks in Swiss Alps and Italian Dolomites, as well as the mountains of New Zealand, his wife said.
Wilson didn't talk much during the hikes because he was busy working out problems, she said.
"His brain was still turning over. He was cogitating on whatever problem he was working on," she said.
The couple met through international folk dancing, a passion they both shared, while they were at Cornell, where Brown worked in the computing center.
Their love of kayaking brought them to Maine. The couple moved to Maine in 1995, residing in Gray, and Wilson remained on staff at Ohio State until retiring in 2008. He died Saturday in a nursing home in Saco, his wife said.
Follow David Sharp at http://twitter.com/David_Sharp_AP
HARRISBURG, Ill. (AP) — Two colleges in southern Illinois have announced a cooperative agreement to provide training in the emerging field of high-volume oil and gas drilling.
Officials from Southeastern Illinois College in Harrisburg and Rend Lake College in Ina announced the plan Monday after Gov. Pat Quinn signed a new law establishing rules companies must follow during hydraulic fracturing, or "fracking."
Both colleges plan to provide a safety program and other training needed by the industry. Southeastern Illinois College has submitted a custom training certificate program to the state for approval. Rend Lake College plans to establish an associate degree program in oil and natural gas.
Fracking uses high-pressure mixtures of water, sand or gravel and chemicals to crack underground rock formations and release oil and natural gas.
-- The Lonely Island, "The Wack Album" (Republic Records)
The Lonely Island pull another magic trick out of the fun box – and it's their third studio record, "The Wack Album." The Weird Al Yankoviches of the 21st century tackle sexual etiquette, double standards, general stupidity and wardrobe malfunctions with the help of Solange, Ed Norton, Pharrell, Too $hort, Kristen Wiig and Robyn, among many others.
The jester minstrels' lead single, "YOLO," is an anthemic track deriding the oft-used acronym with guest vocals from Adam Levine and Kendrick Lamar. "3-Way (The Golden Rule)," originally released in 2011 with Lady Gaga and their always game collaborator Justin Timberlake, offers a classic R&B sound.
Another standout on the 20-song list is the tongue-in-cheek "Hugs," where the threesome – led by Andy Samberg – lay the rules for a good platonic "upper body grip," while the bouncy "You've Got the Look" reveals an unexpected side of Hugh Jackman, who shows off his pipes and sense of humor.
Unburdened by the bland, nonsensical lyrics of the mainstream, their sexy hooks work for and against them. Sometimes the track sounds so authentically straight up that some might miss the genius of the words. "Yo, I drove past a rally saying `honk for peace,' so I took out my gun and shot `em all in the knees." That about sums it up.
Follow Cristina Jaleru on Twitter: . http://twitter.com/cristinelle7
PHOENIX — A made-for-television movie on Jodi Arias is scheduled to air this weekend.
"Jodi Arias: Dirty Little Secret" is set to be shown Saturday on Lifetime, but the movie won't be about the trial.
Screenwriter Richard Blaney wrote the script with Gregory Small. Blaney told The Arizona Republic ( ) the project was in the works more than a year ago. He says they completed the script in December. http://bit.ly/19NmBq4
That was the same month that Arias' televised trial started in the brutal 2008 slaying of her ex-boyfriend, Travis Alexander, a Mesa motivational speaker.
Small says they didn't anticipate the trial getting as much attention as it did.
A jury convicted Arias of first-degree murder in May but couldn't reach a decision on whether she should live or die.
Information from: The Arizona Republic, http://www.azcentral.com
NEW YORK -- Following crowd-funding campaigns from "Veronica Mars" and Zach Braff, James Franco is trying to raise $500,000 to bankroll a trilogy of movies.
Franco on Monday night started a campaign on Indiegogo, a crowd-funding alternative to Kickstarter that allows people to keep the money they raise even if the project doesn't come to fruition. Franco isn't trying to direct the films; he's raising money so that a collection of young filmmakers can adapt his 2011 short story collection, "Palo Alto."
"Because of who I am, people often believe that it is easy to find investors and distributors for my films," wrote Franco. "Unfortunately, things aren't that easy. More times than not, I have put in my own money to produce my films and my student's films. However, this time it's different. We need more funding, I will still fund part of it but I need of your help, filming three feature films back-to-back requires more funding than I can give."
Franco pledges to donate any profits from the films to Art of Elysium, a nonprofit that encourages entertainers to visit children with serious medical conditions. Levels of contribution range from $10 for copies of the screenplays to $10,000, which gets dinner with Franco and an executive producer credit.
The three films – titled "Memoria," "Yosemite" and "Killing Animals" – will pull from stories Franco wrote about his California hometown. Directing will be Bruce Thierry Cheung, Gabrielle Demeestere, Nina Ljeti and Vladimir de Fontenay, all of whom are current or former students from New York University, where Franco attended the film program.
Franco, who currently stars in the apocalyptic comedy "This Is the End," has directed a number of feature films. He premiered his William Faulkner adaptation "As I Lay Dying" at the Cannes Film Festival in May.
The campaign didn't immediately take off like those did for "Veronica Mars" and Braff's film. As of late Tuesday morning, it had pulled in $22,000, with 30 days to go before the campaign closes on July 17.
OMAHA, Neb. -- Indiana coach Tracy Smith says he won't waste any time lamenting how close Sam Travis' ninth-inning fly ball came to leaving the ballpark. Or how close Mississippi State closer Jonathan Holder came to throwing the ball away and allowing the tying run to score.
Fact is, the Hoosiers lost 5-4 on Monday night, and now they're one loss away from seeing their first appearance to the College World Series end.
"I would say a loss is a loss is a loss," Smith said. "It doesn't matter how you lose them, by 20 or one, it's still a loss. We're not going to focus too much on that. We're going to regroup.
"We've got a confident group. They've been confident all year. Our thoughts now are moving on to Oregon State."
Indiana (49-15) will play the Beavers on Wednesday, with the loser going home and the winner meeting Mississippi State again on Friday.
Trey Porter drove in the go-ahead runs in the eighth inning for Mississippi State (50-18), which needs one win to reach next week's best-of-three finals.
Chad Girodo (9-1) turned back Indiana after the Hoosiers had runners in scoring position in the fifth and seventh innings in addition to the ninth.
"You get the guys over and you don't finish the deal, that seemed to be the story of our middle innings there, and it's a credit to him," Smith said of Girodo. "He really did an excellent job of executing his pitches, but we didn't do a real good job of making his job difficult."
Porter's clutch hit in the eighth inning didn't end the drama.
Travis just missed tying the game when his fly to left-center bounced off the wall, just under the yellow line, and he ended up with a double. Scott Donley's groundout made it a one-run game and brought on Bulldogs closer Jonathan Holder.
Michael Basil chopped the ball in front of the mound. Holder fielded it cleanly, but he short-armed his throw to first and Wes Rea had to pick it up on the bounce to end the game.
The Bulldogs erased a 3-2 deficit after Brett Pirtle and Wes Rea singled leading off the eighth against reliever Ryan Halstead (4-5). Pirtle beat Will Nolden's throw home to tie it on DeMarcus Henderson's liner into right.
Brian Korte took over for Halstead with two out, and Porter sent his 3-1 pitch into the right-center gap to score Rea and Henderson for a two-run lead.
Girodo relieved starter Trevor Fitts with one out in the third, and the two accounted for 14 strikeouts. Girodo had 10 of them.
Porter had entered the game in the sixth inning as a pinch hitter. He gave the Hoosiers faithful a scare with a drive to the right-field warning track that Nolden caught to keep it a one-run game.
Porter, a .250 batter, didn't play in Saturday's 5-4 win over Oregon State and came into Monday with just two hits in his previous 14 at-bats since May 4.
Indiana freshman starter Will Coursen-Carr was solid in his 5 1-3 innings, allowing two runs on four hits and two walks.
Indiana had a chance to add to its 3-1 lead in the fifth after having runners on second and third with one out. But Nick Ammirati tagged out Travis at home and Girodo struck out Casey Smith.
The Bulldogs pulled to 3-2 in the sixth on Rea's single and were poised to get more with the bases loaded and one out. Ammirati popped out to shortstop before Porter's long fly to right ended the inning.
NEW YORK -- Former Olympic diving champion Greg Louganis plans to get married this fall.
People magazine says the 53-year-old Louganis will marry paralegal Johnny Chaillot.
The four-time gold medalist is the only man to win consecutive Olympic titles in springboard and platform diving – in 1984 at Los Angeles and 1988 at Seoul.
After his diving career ended, Louganis revealed he was gay in 1994 and announced he was HIV-positive a year later.
Louganis is helping Olympic hopefuls as an athlete mentor for USA Diving. He's also been featured as a coach on ABC's reality diving competition "Splash."
SEOUL, South Korea (AP) — Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg has met South Korean President Park Geun-hye in Seoul to discuss ways to stimulate entrepreneurship and venture firms in Asia's fourth-largest economy.
Park's office said Zuckerberg assured the South Korean leader that Facebook would continue to invest in the country, and he invited South Korean firms to jump on Facebook to reach global users.
Zuckerberg's visit is the latest in series of meetings between Park and high-profile U.S. technology pioneers. In April, Park met Microsoft Founder Bill Gates and Google CEO Larry Page in her office.
Park sees fostering startups and entrepreneurship crucial to raise South Korea's employment rate to 70 percent before the end of her five-year term.
Zuckerberg is meeting executives at Samsung Electronics Co. before leaving Seoul later Tuesday.
BUCHAREST, Romania -- Romanian prosecutors say they are investigating a claim made by a popular singer that she was beaten up by her manager after a dispute over money.
Alexandra Stan, whose 2010 hit "Mr. Saxobeat" sold almost 1 million copies in less than a year and reached the top five in over twenty countries, filed a complaint with prosecutors Tuesday alleging she was beaten by her manager, Marcel Prodan, after she had asked for her earnings.
Police spokesman Gelu Manolescu told The Associated Press police has picked up Stan from a side of the road where she was having an argument with Prodan, and took the bruised 24-year-old singer to hospital Saturday where she was treated and released.
Television interviews with the diminutive singer – who had black eyes and bruises on her body – and broadcast on national channels, have shocked many Romanians. Attempts to reach Prodan were not immediately successful.
PROVIDENCE, R.I. -- A Brown University spokesman says a Virginia antiques collector has turned over a Civil War-era sword that was stolen from the Ivy League school in the 1970s.
Last week, a federal judge in Virginia ordered Williamsburg collector Donald Tharpe to surrender the Tiffany silver sword to Brown. Tharpe bought it for $35,000 in 1992 after it had passed among dealers for years.
A Brown spokesman told The Providence Journal (http://bit.ly/pX8RJW) on Monday that Tharpe has given the sword to a Virginia attorney who represented the university, and it's being shipped to Providence.
Brown officials say the sword was stolen from the Annmary Brown Memorial at the school. The sword was given to her husband, Col. Rush Hawkins, in 1863 for his service to the Union during the Civil War.
Information from: The Providence Journal, http://www.providencejournal.com
BEIJING — A Chinese university has built the world's fastest supercomputer, almost doubling the speed of the U.S. machine that previously claimed the top spot and underlining China's rise as a science and technology powerhouse.
The semiannual TOP500 listing of the world's fastest supercomputers released Monday says the Tianhe-2 developed by the National University of Defense Technology in central China's Changsha city is capable of sustained computing of 33.86 petaflops per second. That's the equivalent of 33,860 trillion calculations per second.
The Tianhe-2, which means Milky Way-2, knocks the U.S. Energy Department's Titan machine off the No. 1 spot. It achieved 17.59 petaflops per second.
Supercomputers are used for complex work such as modeling weather systems, simulating nuclear explosions and designing jetliners.
It's the second time a Chinese computer has been named the world's fastest. In November 2010, the Tianhe-2's predecessor, Tianhe-1A, had that honor before Japan's K computer overtook it a few months later on the TOP500 list, a ranking curated by three computer scientists at universities in the U.S. and Germany.
The Tianhe-2 shows how China is leveraging rapid economic growth and sharp increases in research spending to join the United States, Europe and Japan in the global technology elite.
"Most of the features of the system were developed in China, and they are only using Intel for the main compute part," TOP500 editor Jack Dongarra, who toured the Tianhe-2 facility in May, said in a news release. "That is, the interconnect, operating system, front-end processors and software are mainly Chinese."
By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
WASHINGTON -- The chairman of the House Intelligence Committee said Tuesday lawmakers are worried about the possibility of further disclosures about the government's sweeping electronic surveillance and the impact that could have on efforts to combat terrorism.
"We don't want to make this thing more damaging that it already has become," Rep. Mike Rogers said ahead of an open hearing the Intelligence Committee scheduled with Army Gen. Keith Alexander, head of the National Security Agency. Rogers said lawmakers, however, "know there are dozens" of terrorist plots that have been foiled by the programs.
Rogers said he expects the government to declassify additional information about the wide-ranging telephone surveillance program and a companion Prism program targeting the Internet and email communications.
Based on information the administration had declassified earlier in the wake of revelations about the program by former NSA contract employee Edward Snowden, members of Congress feel certain that the eavesdropping should be credited for thwarting an attempted attack on New York City's subway system, said Rogers, R-Mich., in an appearance on NBC's "Today" show.
Rogers previewed the latest public airing of the NSA controversy the morning after President Barack Obama, who is attending the G-8 summit in Ireland, vigorously defended the surveillance programs in a lengthy interview Monday, calling them transparent - even though they are authorized in secret.
"It is transparent," Obama told PBS' Charlie Rose in an interview. "That's why we set up the FISA court," the president added, referring to the secret court set up by the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act that authorizes two recently disclosed programs: one that gathers U.S. phone records and another that is designed to track the use of U.S.-based Internet servers by foreigners with possible links to terrorism.
Obama said he has named representatives to a privacy and civil liberties oversight board to help in the debate over just how far government data gathering should be allowed to go - a discussion that is complicated by the secrecy surrounding the FISA court, with hearings held at undisclosed locations and with only government lawyers present. The orders that result are all highly classified.
"We're going to have to find ways where the public has an assurance that there are checks and balances in place ... that their phone calls aren't being listened into; their text messages aren't being monitored, their emails are not being read by some big brother somewhere," the president said.
A senior administration official said Obama had asked Director of National Intelligence James Clapper to determine what more information about the two programs could be made public, to help better explain them. The official spoke on condition of anonymity because the official was not authorized to speak publicly.
Rogers said lawmakers are bewildered about the degree of access that Snowden, who is holed up in Hong Kong, apparently had to the classified information at NSA.
"He lied about his salary, he lied about his capabilities. He lied about his position," Rogers said of Snowden. Yet, the Intelligence Committee chairman said Congress wants to know how a "relatively low-level employee" could have gained access to such critical data.
He said panel members planned to question Alexander about this during the hearing later Tuesday.
Rogers speculated that in a position analagous to systems administrator, Snowden could have been akin to "a traffic cop at the busiest New York intersection. And every once in a while he was able to look in and grab hold of" sensitive information. But he said that Snowden erred in believing that the NSA "could listen to Americans' calls. They cannot. And that they can read Americans' emails. They cannot."
He slammed Snowden for revealing information "of which he has no understanding" about the risk that such an action poses to the U.S. government's counterterrorism efforts.
Rogers also said lawmakers are "a little nervous" about Snowden's next move.
For his part, Snowden, who leaked documents revealing the scope of the two programs to The Guardian and The Washington Post newspapers, accused members of Congress and administration officials Monday of exaggerating their claims about the success of the data gathering programs, including pointing to the arrest of the would-be New York subway bomber, Najibullah Zazi, in 2009.
In an online interview with The Guardian in which he posted answers to questions Monday, Snowden said that Zazi could have been caught with narrower, targeted surveillance programs - a point Obama conceded in his interview without mentioning Snowden.
"We might have caught him some other way," Obama said. "We might have disrupted it because a New York cop saw he was suspicious. Maybe he turned out to be incompetent and the bomb didn't go off. But, at the margins, we are increasing our chances of preventing a catastrophe like that through these programs," he said.
Obama repeated earlier assertions that the NSA programs were a legitimate counterterror tool and that they were completely noninvasive to people with no terror ties - something he hoped to discuss with the privacy and civil liberties board he'd formed. The senior administration official said the president would be meeting with the new privacy board in the coming days.
CHICAGO — Comedy fans know the names – John Belushi, Bill Murray, Harold Ramis, Joan Rivers – but before those famous faces graced Hollywood movies or the "Saturday Night Live" stage they were discovered by Bernie Sahlins, co-founder of The Second City.
Alumni of the Chicago comedy club spent Monday remembering Sahlins, who died Sunday at age 90, as an innovator who along with business partners Howard Alk and Paul Sills opened the theater in December 1959. It quickly gained national attention and helped establish Chicago as a vibrant comedy town.
"Bernie was absolutely crucial in the formative years of Second City, as important a figure as it's ever had," said comedian and actor Robert Klein, who went on from Second City in 1965 to star on television series and in movies.
Second City caught on within months of opening, despite some early money problems and other issues. It became instrumental in the growth and development of improvisational and sketch comedy.
Sahlins had an eye for talent, and he hired and nurtured the early careers of numerous future stars.
"Bernie saved my life," actor Alan Arkin is quoted as saying in Sheldon Patinkin's 2000 book, "The Second City: Backstage at the World's Greatest Comedy Theater." "Second City wasn't a theater ensemble to me, it was a halfway house ... Bernie not only gave me a job, he took me in. I became his family, he became my family – the first family that I even had and loved."
Patinkin, who serves as Second City's artistic consultant, said his longtime friend played a critical role not just in establishing the theater but also in recruiting the talent.
"He was great at it," Patinkin said. "Look at the list of our alumni, many of them were found by Bernie. Bernie was really good at picking out the right ones."
In his 2002 memoir, "Days and Nights at the Second City," Sahlins seemed aware of that influence.
"For somehow this tiny venture quickly became an important phenomenon in the recent history of theatre, heralded for its contribution to popular entertainment," he wrote. "One reason is, I believe, that we never thought of ourselves as popular entertainers."
Instead, colleagues remembered Sahlins as an intellectual who graduated from the University of Chicago and brought those edgy smarts with him to Second City.
"You had to work from the top of your intelligence," said comedian David Steinberg, who was with Second City in 1964 and has worked on television shows such as "Curb Your Enthusiasm" and "Mad About You." "That was the rule that Second City broke in comedy: don't talk down to an audience ever; talk to the smartest person in the audience."
Michael McCarthy interned under Sahlins in 1981 and has written for "Saturday Night Live," "Sesame Street" and Comedy Central. He said Sahlins would talk endlessly about the mission of comedy and tell him to "always, always, always ask yourself, `What are you trying to say, and is it funny?'"
Ramis, former cast member turned director-writer-actor-producer, told The Associated Press in 2009 that Sahlins brought a higher-brow style to comedy.
"It was OK to be smart," Ramis said. "It was OK to be intellectual."
And George Wendt, famous for "Cheers" before his time at Second City, told AP in 2009 that Sahlins demoted him to the touring company from the main stage.
"He thought I was playing it too safe," Wendt said. "He wanted me to loosen up."
Klein remembered Sahlins as an intellectual, but fun boss who loved cigars.
"Not the kind who would put a lamp shade on his head at a party, but he had opinions on everything," Klein said.
Andrew Alexander, who along with business partner Len Stuart bought The Second City from Sahlins in 1985, said Sahlins will be remembered for always urging performers to work at the top of their intellect.
"You think about that theater, and think of all the stars that came out of it ... from Belushi to (Dan) Aykroyd to Alan Arkin. It's extraordinary, the amount of talented people that came out of it," Alexander said.
Klein said he owes a great deal to Sahlins for hiring him.
"I went to the Yale drama school and that wasn't nearly as valuable as making $150 a week at Second City," Klein said.
Follow Caryn Rousseau on Twitter at http://www.twiter.com/carynrousseau
LOS ANGELES -- Prosecutors won't be filing charges of vandalism against "Curb Your Enthusiasm" actor Jeff Garlin after he was accused of smashing a car window in a dispute over a parking space.
Instead, the 51-year-old will receive a hearing at the Los Angeles city attorney's office where he will be advised about the law and how to avoid such incidents.
Frank Mateljan, spokesman for the city attorney, said Monday that Garlin's alleged actions did not reach the threshold for a criminal filing. Office hearings are frequently used in such cases to avoid a full-blown criminal case.
"We examined the facts and determined an office hearing is most appropriate in this circumstance," Mateljan said.
According to a police report, the dispute occurred in the parking lot of a Studio City CVS drugstore. Garlin was arguing with the driver of a Mercedes and allegedly broke the driver's side window of her car with his bare hand.
He was arrested Saturday.
Mateljan said the woman whose car was damaged has the option of suing Garland in civil court for damages.
Garlin played Larry David's friend and manager on "Curb Your Enthusiasm" and was the show's co-executive producer. He has also appeared frequently on "Arrested Development" and other television shows.
PASADENA, Calif. — A California man who made a 911 call that ended with Pasadena police fatally shooting a college student has pleaded guilty to making a false report.
Oscar Carrillo was sentenced to 90 days in jail after pleading guilty Monday to two misdemeanor false reporting charges.
Carrillo told a dispatcher last year that he was robbed at gunpoint by two young men. He mentioned a gun eight times during the 911 call.
Responding officers shot 19-year-old Kendrec McDade, who was unarmed.
Carrillo later acknowledged he lied about guns to get a faster police response.
Carrillo was arrested for investigation of involuntary manslaughter, but prosecutors declined to charge him with that.
Besides going to jail, Carrillo will also perform 90 days of community service and pay $3,000 to Pasadena police.
ANNAPOLIS, Md. -- The U.S. Naval Academy's superintendent has decided to move ahead with a case in which a female midshipman accuses football players of sexually assaulting her after she was passed out from a night of drinking, the school announced Monday.
Vice Adm. Michael Miller sent the case to Article 32 proceedings. That is the military equivalent of a preliminary hearing or grand jury investigation. The hearing determines if there's evidence to proceed to a court-martial.
The case comes as a string of sexual assault cases in the military has drawn attention and criticism in Congress, the Pentagon and the White House. Many of the assault cases involve alcohol, the military has said.
Cmdr. John Schofield said in a statement that the initial Naval Criminal Investigative Service investigation into this case has been completed and reviewed.
It was unclear how many football players would be named in the case, and names had not yet been made public.
The woman says the assault took place at an off-campus house in Annapolis last year. The woman's attorney, Susan Burke, said late last month that her client woke up with bruises after a night of heavy drinking and later learned from friends and social media that three football players – whom she considered friends – were claiming to have had sex with her while she was blacked out. Burke did not immediately return a phone call seeking comment Monday.
President Barack Obama talked about the sexual assault problem when he spoke at the academy's commissioning ceremony last month. The president said those who commit sexual assault threaten the trust and discipline that makes the military strong.
Other Navy football players have faced assault allegations in the past.
In 2006, Lamar Owens Jr., the team's starting quarterback, was acquitted of rape but found guilty of lesser charges. He was expelled from the school. Another one-time member of the team, Kenny Ray Morrison, was convicted in 2007 of sexually assaulting a female classmate at a Washington hotel. He was sentenced to two years in the Navy brig.
NEW YORK (AP) — A former intern filed a class-action lawsuit Monday against Warner Music Group and Atlantic Records over his unpaid internship, similar to a spate of recent lawsuits in other industries pushing back against the widespread practice.
In the filing in state Supreme Court in Manhattan, plaintiff Justin Henry says he was never paid for the office work he performed from October 2007 through May 2008 but should have been under state labor law.
The suit alleges there was no academic or vocational training as part of the internship, and that employees would have needed to be hired to do the work if Henry wasn't doing it for free. The suit claims Henry routinely worked more than 40 hours a week, but never got any overtime wages.
Atlantic is part of Warner Music Group. Warner declined to comment on pending litigation.
Although Henry is the only plaintiff, attorney Maurice Pianko said it was filed as a class-action suit because there could be others in the same position who decide to join.
Similar lawsuits over unpaid internships have been filed in other industries.
In one lawsuit filed last week, two former interns who worked at W Magazine and The New Yorker sued parent company Conde Nast Publications for allegedly failing to pay them the minimum wage. Another lawsuit has been filed against Hearst Magazines.
A federal judge last week ruled in a case over unpaid internships in the film industry. U.S. District Judge William H. Pauley III ruled that Fox Searchlight Pictures violated minimum wage and overtime laws by not paying interns who worked on production of the 2010 movie "Black Swan."
In the ruling, Pauley said Fox should have paid the two interns who filed the lawsuit because they did the same work as regular employees, provided value to the company and performed low-level tasks that didn't require any specialized training.
COLUMBUS, Ohio -- A central Ohio day care worker sprinkled drugs on snacks to get children in her day care to sleep during the day, according to police charges filed Monday that the woman adamantly denies as a misunderstood joke.
Tammy Eppley was charged in Franklin County Municipal Court with six counts of child endangering after police in suburban Westerville say they obtained text messages in which she admits giving children the allergy drug Benadryl and Melatonin, a hormone and sleep aid.
"Tammy was bragging about how they were all perfectly still and being quiet or asleep," said a police report describing a video Eppley allegedly recorded on her cellphone and sent a friend.
"Tammy jokes about one of the children almost discovering her actions by remarking that the sprinkles on some cupcakes tasted funny," according to the report obtained by The Associated Press through a records request.
Eppley is also accused of mixing crushed Benadryl into pancake batter and juice for the children at her daycare, Caterpillar Clubhouse, Westerville police Det. Richard Tiburzio said in an interview Monday.
Eppley, 37, denied the charges in a phone interview, saying Tiburzio was "obsessed" with pursing the charges against her. She said she did provide drugs to children but only after getting permission from their parents.
She acknowledged making light of giving the drugs in text messages to a friend but said they were jokes.
Eppley described the comments as "very tongue-in-cheek."
"It was, `Good grief, I wish these kids would go to sleep, I wish I could drug them,'" she said.
"I do regret making that comment, obviously," she said. "It was not, `I did it.'"
Tiburzio said he stands by the investigation and there is other evidence in the case.
Franklin County Children Services concluded an investigation in May and are not presently working with Eppley, said spokesman Bruce Cadwallader.
"So to us it's unsubstantiated," he said. "But the police have a different role than we do."
In 2010, two former Ohio church day care workers were each sentenced to six months in jail for slipping Melatonin into candy to get children in their care to sleep.
Andrew Welsh-Huggins can be reached on Twitter at . https://twitter.com/awhcolumbus
PISCATAWAY, N.J. — Saying she has already rolled up her sleeves and is ready to work, Julie Hermann took over as Rutgers' athletic director with the promise that her No. 1 job is to create an atmosphere for Scarlet Knights students to excel on and off the field.
The embattled Hermann showed up for work before most of her employees on Monday morning and started the task of leading an embarrassed athletic department back to respectability, winning back boosters and alumni and leading the university into the Big Ten Conference in 2014.
Hermann did not answer either emails or telephone calls left by The Associated Press seeking comment. She failed to stop and answer questions around 12:15 p.m. when she left in an SUV driven by Doug Kokoskie, the senior associate athletic director for facilities, events and operations. The two stopped at a couple of nearby athletic fields for quick looks.
Hermann, however, released an open letter to the student-athletes late Monday afternoon on the university's athletic website. She promised to create a best-in-class student-athlete care system committed to developing programs to support both your athletic and your academic pursuits. The system will ensure that the student-athletes always can voice any issues or concerns they might have.
"Another of my goals is to make the most of our extraordinary opportunity to join the prestigious Big Ten Conference," Hermann wrote. "Being a member of the Big Ten will provide exciting new possibilities, not only for Rutgers as an institution, but also for you, as a student-athlete. I look forward to conducting a comprehensive strategic review of all aspects of Rutgers Athletics as we prepare to compete against the best in the nation."
Hermann plans to meet with as many people as she can to learn about Rutgers' sports and to listen and understand the challenges and opportunities faced by all involved.
"I've already rolled up my sleeves, and I can't wait to get to work with you, your coaches and the athletic department staff to move Rutgers Athletics forward," Hermann wrote. "We will take the lessons of the past and learn from them. We will take the successes of the past and build on them. And, together, we will take Rutgers to new heights. Our work toward tomorrow begins today."
Hermann finished her letter with:
Hermann later tweeted that he had an exciting first day, touring Rutgers' facilities and meeting many people.
Athletic department spokesman Jason Baum said Hermann would not talk to the media until next week.
The 49-year-old Hermann was hired May 15 and then spent weeks under the microscope after it was alleged by volleyball players that she coached at Tennessee in 1996 that they were verbally and emotionally abused by her. She denied the allegations.
The allegations were particularly troublesome because Rutgers' recent problems started after a videotape was aired in early April showing men's basketball coach Mike Rice verbally and physically abusing his players during his three-year tenure. The verbal assault included anti-gay slurs.
Rice was fired within days by university president Robert Barchi, and popular athletic director Tim Pernetti was forced to resign two days after that for his handling of the incident.
Pernetti suspended, fined and ordered Rice to undergo anger management courses in December after consulting with a legal firm hired to investigate allegations made by Eric Murdock, a former player development director for the basketball program who was fired by Rice in July.
The hirings of former Rutgers star and Los Angeles Lakers assistant coach Eddie Jordan to replace Rice, and then Hermann as the university's first female athletic director, were supposed to end the controversy.
They didn't. In fact, things worsened.
The university was embarrassed when it put out Jordan's biography with the fact that he graduated when he didn't.
And Hermann's past was more troubling.
Some politicians and alumni called for her to be replaced, and many outspoken boosters voiced their support for Pernetti and said they would stop contributing to the athletic program.
Barchi, however, stood by her, and Gov. Chris Christie backed him.
In recent weeks, Hermann, the former top athletic assistant at Louisville, met with the boosters and seemed to win over some. The new athletic director was on campus more than a week ago and made a good impression meeting with players, coaches and administrators.
Long-time women's basketball coach C. Vivian Stringer said Monday that she was impressed with her new boss.
"We love her," said Stringer, whose contract is one of the pressing things that Hermann needs to discuss.
Stringer had an appointment with an eye doctor and had to rush off.
JACKSON, Miss. — A Mississippi woman has been charged in a second death related to giving buttocks-enhancing injections without being trained or licensed.
The state attorney general's office says 53-year-old Tracey Lynn Garner of Jackson, formerly known as Morris Garner, was arrested Thursday and charged with one count of depraved heart murder. Conviction carries a potential life sentence.
The release says Garner injected "a silicone substance" into Marilyn Hale of Selma, Ala., on Jan. 13, 2010, and Hale later died.
Records show Garner was in the Hinds County Detention Center on Monday. Her attorney, John Colette, was not immediately available.
Garner had been on house arrest awaiting trial in a similar case in the 2012 death of an Atlanta woman.
CHANTILLY, Va. — The plane parked outside the airport looks more like a giant exotic insect or maybe an outsized balsa wood toy airplane.
When it's in flight, there's no roar of jet engines. It's strangely quiet. And as it crisscrosses America, the spindly plane doesn't use a drop of fuel. Day, and even night, it flies on the power of the sun.
And it's that fact that has the U.S. energy secretary, and the plane's two pilots and fans around the world, so excited.
The one-man craft called Solar Impulse has been flying cross-country in short hops as part of a 13-year privately funded European project that is expected to cost $150 million.
Ernest Moniz, who heads the U.S. Department of Energy, praised the effort at a news conference Monday at Dulles International airport where the plane landed in the dark early Sunday morning. Moniz said it highlighted a cleaner energy future for the nation.
"It's also a poetic project," said Bertrand Piccard, one of the pilots taking turns flying this aircraft across the United States. "It's about flying with the sun. It's about flying with no fuel."
It's not that the experimental European plane is going to change the way the rest of us fly, Moniz said. But it may change the way we drive and the buildings we live in sooner than we think.
The high-flying lightweight technology will pay off on the ground far more readily than in the air. This project should lead to cleaner appliances, greener cars and more energy-efficient building, said Solar Impulse CEO Andre Borschberg, who also is one of the pilots.
In an in-flight interview Friday, while he was over Indiana at 30,000 feet and controlling the plane with just two fingers, Borschberg said this experiment isn't about aviation being cleaner; airplanes only produce 3 percent of the world's heat-trapping gases, he said.
"The potential is on the ground, the potential is not in aviation," he said in the interview with The Associated Press. "On the ground, the potential is huge and is readily available."
Perhaps as early as 2015, an updated version of this solar plane will be flown around the world. This year's practice runs have this prototype flying from San Francisco to New York with five stops in between. Most recently, the plane flew from St. Louis to Cincinnati and then suburban Washington. In a couple of weeks, it will make the final leg, landing in New York City.
Last year, the same plane flew from Switzerland to Morocco.
When he first came up with the idea a decade ago, Borschberg said he was told by experts: "Your project is impossible."
Now instead, Moniz said, Solar Impulse is highlighting four high-tech green energy fields that his office is trying to promote: solar power itself, better batteries that allowed Solar Impulse to fly at night, lightweight materials and integrating everything together.
They'll pay off on the ground quickly, Moniz said. Take the lightweight carbon fiber and lighter solar cells. Once applied to rooftop solar panels, that will bring down costs for houses because much of the problem currently is the size and weight of the panels, he said.
Solar Impulse carries more than 11,000 solar cells – 10,746 of them on the long wing that stretches 208 feet. Although it has the wingspan of a jumbo jet, the entire plane weighs just 3,500 pounds, the size of a small car.
Seth Borenstein can be followed at http://twitter.com/borenbears
AUCKLAND, New Zealand -- A man was recovering in a hospital Monday after surviving a plunge from the 15th floor of his New Zealand apartment building.
Police said the 20-year-old man discovered he was locked out of his 14th floor unit in the Volt Apartment building in downtown Auckland at about 2 a.m. Sunday.
He decided to try and scale down the outside of the building from an apartment directly above his. Police said he was trying to land on his balcony when he fell, landing on the roof of an adjacent building far below.
He was at first listed in critical condition but had improved Monday to a satisfactory condition.
The New Zealand Herald newspaper identified the man as Tom Stilwell, a Briton in the country on a working holiday. Friend Dave Thomas told the paper Stilwell had suffered neck and back fractures, a broken wrist, and suspected internal injuries.
Volt Apartment resident Geraldine Bautista told the paper that Stilwell knocked on her door on the 15th floor at about 2 a.m. She said he appeared to have been drinking but she wasn't fearful of him.
"He just requested `Can you please let me jump off from the balcony? I will not bother you, just let me use your balcony,'" Bautista said.
She said she never thought he would follow through.
"In my mind I thought `OK, I'll just let you see that it's really impossible. I didn't think he'd jump, because it's really scary," Bautista told the paper.
She said after she opened the door, he quickly walked through the apartment and climbed over the railing on the balcony. Bautista said she grabbed at his hand but he fell.
"It happened so fast. It happened within seconds. I couldn't even scream for help. He was like a paper falling from here," she said.
St. John Medical Director Dr. Tony Smith told the paper that surviving falls from such heights was "extraordinarily unusual" but that the roof of the low-rise building far below likely broke Stilwell's fall enough to save his life.
ANCHORAGE, Alaska -- A black bear mauled a man at a campground in Alaska, but the animal won't likely threaten other people, the state Department of Fish and Game said.
Spokesman Ken Marsh said the bear was "pretty much goaded" into the attack Saturday near Eklutna Lake Campground north of Anchorage because the man fed it meat from a church barbecue, the Anchorage Daily News (http://bit.ly/11sQbZW) reported.
The man could be charged with illegally feeding wildlife, according to Alaska State Troopers spokeswoman Beth Ipsen. He had been drinking and went for a bike ride, taking some of the food along, she said. The man came across the bear and threw it a piece of meat. He then offered the bear another piece.
"That's when it kind of went ballistic," Ipsen said.
Park rangers later found the bloodied man washing himself off at the campground, Marsh said.
"He wasn't terribly coherent," he said. "He was unsure of where the attack actually happened."
The man was treated for punctures wounds and scratches at an Anchorage hospital. His name was not immediately released.
Authorities are still trying to sort out what happened, Ipsen said. There were no witnesses to the attack and the man struggled to convey what had happened when a trooper spoke with him at the hospital, she said.
A state biologist sent to the scene couldn't find the bear, Marsh said. There's no indication the animal will attack others.
"The bear was pretty much goaded into this," Marsh said.
Biologists advise people never to feed wild animals anything.
SEATTLE — For the activists who led the effort to legalize recreational marijuana in Washington state last fall, Jamen Shively was one of their biggest fears: an aspiring pot profiteer whose unabashed dreams of building a cannabis empire might attract unwanted attention from the federal government or a backlash that could slow the marijuana reform movement across the country.
With visionary zeal, the 45-year-old former Microsoft manager described his plans to a conference room packed with reporters and supporters last month, saying he was tired of waiting for a green light from the Obama administration, which still hasn't said how it will respond to the legalization of recreational pot in Washington and Colorado. Shively vowed to quickly raise $10 million and eventually build his company, Diego Pellicer, into an international pot powerhouse.
Though he promised a "cautious and measured" expansion, Shively's approach nevertheless contrasted with that of state regulators who want to avoid repeating the national experience with Big Tobacco and Big Alcohol, industries that profited wildly on addiction and abuse. Mark Kleiman, who heads the team hired to be Washington's official marijuana consultant, responded on his blog: "It was inevitable that the legalization of cannabis would attract a certain number of insensate greedheads to the industry."
Shively's ambitions – "We are Big Marijuana," he proclaimed – don't merely raise questions about what marijuana legalization might look like in the long run and whether large corporations will come to dominate. He also risks getting himself indicted.
The Justice Department has said while it doesn't intend to prosecute sick people for using marijuana, it will go after those who try to get rich from commercial sales. It hasn't said yet whether it will sue to block Washington and Colorado from licensing pot growers, processors and stores.
The legalization votes in Washington and Colorado have created a fever for cannabis-related investing, to an extent. Conferences have focused on the parameters for legally investing in "ancillary businesses" – those that supply equipment needed by pot grows, for example – without financing the actual production or distribution of marijuana, which remains illegal under federal law.
Shively isn't skirting the edges of the nascent industry, but diving right in, in a way that few other entrepreneurs are. Some companies that make high-end marijuana-infused products, such as Colorado-based Dixie Elixirs, are planning to make their brands available in other states, but it's not clear anyone else is taking steps to create a pot empire.
"Developing a national brand in an industry in which it is illegal to move the core product across state lines presents some serious logistical challenges," said Betty Aldworth, deputy director of the National Cannabis Industry Association.
Diego Pellicer's business plan estimates $120,000 of pure profit per month, per recreational pot store. Shively said he plans dozens of stores in Washington and Colorado, earning his company the "Starbucks of Pot" nickname.
At the May 30 news conference, Shively announced Diego's first corporate deal – an arrangement with a Seattle medical marijuana company called the Northwest Patient Resource Center. He said Diego would be starting in the medical marijuana market in Washington and Colorado, and then transitioning some dispensaries to recreational pot stores once the states begin issuing licenses.
Shively said the arrangement was "not in violation of either federal or state law," but it was troubling enough to one of the dispensary company owners that he's walking away from the deal – and the company he helped found – because he fears it puts everyone involved at risk of federal prosecution.
"I'm not an activist. I'm just a businessman," said the part-owner, Thomas Jun, a 42-year-old father of three. "I can't afford to do any federal time."
According to Shively, Diego Pellicer has acquired the option to buy Northwest Patient Resource Center, but does not actually own it. That's what gives Diego Pellicer some protection and allows it to position itself for the time when more states legalize pot and Congress changes federal laws, he said. No marijuana will be moved interstate.
"We don't touch cannabis. We don't have ownership of cannabis," he said. "It's not a perfect insulation or buffer, but it's the best possible mechanism that we can come up with."
Through his lawyer, Douglas Hiatt, Jun provided the AP with internal company documents, including a draft of the $1.6 million agreement dated May 30. The deal directs monthly payments of up to $50,000 from Diego be used to "to further develop and enhance NWPRC's customer locations and to otherwise grow its business as currently conducted." Former federal prosecutors say that could be seen as a conspiracy to violate federal law.
"It certainly would make me nervous to be involved in anything like this," said Laurie Levenson, a professor at Loyola Law School-Los Angeles and a former assistant U.S. attorney.
Shively called the draft provided to AP "an obsolete document," but declined to provide further details. He also declined to discuss a $10,000 check he wrote to the dispensary company May 27.
The deal highlights the tension between the varying degrees of acceptance of marijuana by the states and the outright prohibition by the federal government, which makes banking and other business functions problematic. For example, beyond the growing and sale of marijuana constituting federal crimes, the movement of money related to marijuana sales likely constitutes money laundering.
Dixie Elixirs won't be directly involved in the growing, processing or sale of pot in multiple states, said Tripp Keber, its managing director. Instead, it will license its technical know-how and recipes to people in Washington or elsewhere who want to produce products under the Dixie Elixirs brand – and try to avoid the attention of federal prosecutors by adhering to state laws.
"Big public federal indictments are going to do the industry a disservice," Keber said.
If Shively's model is endorsed by the regulators writing rules for Washington's pot industry, "then we would be increasing the risk of intervention by the federal government," said Alison Holcomb, the Seattle lawyer who drafted Washington's law.
Shively said investors are advised that the company and those involved could face federal prosecution. A copy of Diego's business plan includes 11 bullet points listing risks the company faces. None specifically suggests those involved could be prosecuted.
Johnson can be reached at https://twitter.com/GeneAPseattle
FAIRFAX, Va. -- A former day laborer has pleaded guilty to sneaking up on multiple women in northern Virginia and cutting their backsides with a razor blade or box cutter.
Johnny Guillen Pimentel pleaded Monday in Fairfax County Circuit Court to two counts each of malicious wounding and unlawful wounding. The attacks occurred over several months in 2011.
He was suspected of slashing nine different women at various retail outlets, including Tysons Corner Center. The Washington Post reports (http://wapo.st/11GHLx2) that under a plea deal, five other counts were dropped.
Neither prosecutors nor Guillen Pimentel's attorney gave any indication of why he carried out the attacks.
He was arrested in January 2012 after fleeing to his native Peru.
He faces up to seven years in prison at a Sept. 6 sentencing.
WASHINGTON — Republican Sen. John McCain is questioning President Barack Obama about political appointees' use of secret government email accounts to conduct official business.
The Arizona lawmaker sent a letter to Obama on Monday complaining that Congress cannot tell the American people what its government is doing if the administration creates a "secret alternate communications network." McCain said the administration's actions are undermining congressional oversight.
He asked the administration to respond to several questions by July 1.
The Associated Press reported earlier this month that officials are using the secret email accounts, making it difficult to respond to requests for public records and answer congressional inquiries.
The White House subsequently acknowledged the practice. Spokesman Jay Carney said all email accounts, public and otherwise, were subject congressional oversight.
LOS ANGELES (AP) — Helen Brush Jenkins, a pioneering photojournalist who made Life magazine when she snapped a photo of her child moments after giving birth, has died. She was 94.
Her daughter, Genji Leclair, tells the Los Angeles Times (http://lat.ms/12AOu1z ) that Jenkins died Wednesday at her home in Chicago, days after suffering a stroke.
Jenkins became a photographer for the now-defunct Daily News in Los Angeles in the 1940s at a time when few women held such jobs.
Over more than a dozen years, she snapped first lady Eleanor Roosevelt, President Harry Truman and stars such as Charlie Chaplin, Clark Gable and John Wayne.
In 1953, Life magazine printed a photo Jenkins took of her newborn son, Gilmer, just after giving birth.
Information from: Los Angeles Times, http://www.latimes.com
CLYDE, N.Y. -- A man who says he caught four boys vandalizing his father-in-law's home has been charged with child endangerment after corralling them in a closet until police arrived.
Jesse Daniels was arraigned on four counts of endangering the welfare of a child after authorities say he interrupted the vandalism at the empty home in the Wayne County village of Clyde, midway between Rochester and Syracuse.
Daniels, 53, told WHAM-TV in Rochester that he heard pounding coming from the home next door the night of June 8. The house is empty while Daniels renovates it for his father-in-law.
Daniels said he went to investigate while his wife called 911. He said he found four boys, ages 8 and 10, inside with hammers. He took a hammer from one, then stuck the boys in a closet until officers arrived, he said.
"I was fortunate that they were in that room that had a closet, so I put them in the closet," he said. "I said, `Listen, you guys are staying here until the police come, period.'"
Their parents said Daniels handled the boys roughly and threatened them with the hammer.
The damage to the home included holes in the walls, broken windows and graffiti derogatory to women spray-painted on walls. Daniels estimated that the damage to his father-in-law's property exceeds $40,000.
He said he believed the boys committed the vandalism in retaliation for Daniels' wife telling them earlier in the day to stay off the couple's property.
The boys have been charged with burglary and criminal mischief. Their cases are being handled in Wayne County Family Court.
Paul Bowler, the father of two of the boys, told the station that there are no excuses for his sons' actions.
"I understand they were in the wrong, but there are other ways to handle it," he said. "He (Daniels) knew who the kids were. It's not like they were strangers. And send the kids home and call the cops then. You don't sit there and torment them and tell them you're going to bash their skulls in with a hammer."
Bowler said Daniels grabbed the neck of one of his sons and left a mark. He said that his boys are traumatized and that Daniels should have faced more charges.
Daniels counters that he was just trying to protect his family.
Daniels is due back in court later this month. It wasn't immediately clear if he has a lawyer.
Wayne County District Attorney Richard Healy told the station that the incident is still under investigation.
Information from: WHAM-TV, http://www.wokr13.tv
LEMONT, Pa. -- A Pennsylvania teenager with a metal detector has stumbled across a 1962 high school class ring and returned it to its owner.
The Centre Daily Times reports (http://bit.ly/15c0xOU) 19-year-old Robert Nese says he was searching the ground behind Lemont Elementary School when he made the discovery recently. He found the gold State College Area High School ring buried 8 inches below the grass, with the initials DLT inside the band.
He tracked down a yearbook and found two people with matching initials. On his second try, he found that Donna Tressler had lost the ring playing softball 52 years ago.
She says she had searched the grounds for the ring for years and is floored by Nese's honesty and hard work at finding her.
Information from: Centre Daily Times, http://www.centredaily.com
WASHINGTON -- It's as if the United States has two governments, one open and one very much not. President Barack Obama leads both, trying not to butt heads with himself.
Since becoming president, Obama has churned out an impressive stream of directives flowing from his promise to deliver "the most transparent administration in history."
He established a center devoted to declassifying records and making them public. He announced an open government initiative. Dizzying quantities of information poured into public databases. New ways were devised to show taxpayers how their money is spent. Allegiance was pledged to the rule of law.
Then there's the other government.
It prosecutes leakers like no administration before it. It exercises state-secrets privileges to quash court cases against it. It hides a vast array of directives and legal opinions underpinning government actions – not just intelligence and not all of it about national security.
Now it's known to conduct sweeping phone-records and Internet surveillance of ordinary people in programs kept on the lowdown until an employee of a National Security Agency contractor revealed them.
Dick Cheney said this would happen.
Known as the master manipulator of power behind the scenes as George W. Bush's vice president, Cheney predicted at the dawn of Obama's presidency that the relentless campaign criticism of shadowed government would not come to much.
"My guess is, once they get here and they're faced with the same problems we deal with every day, that they will appreciate some of the things we've put in place," he said. "They'll need all the authority they can muster."
The empire of secrets lives on.
Steven Aftergood, director of the Project on Government Secrecy for the Federation of American Scientists, says the U.S. has both the most open government in the world and arguably the most closed. Daily it publishes an unmatched avalanche of information. But daily its national security secrets also grow by staggering amounts.
Early on, there were signs Obama would not upend the fundamental balance of this parallel universe despite his pledges to take the government in a new, open direction.
Glasnost on the Potomac would have to wait.
One sign: Obama's 2009 marching orders for classifying documents closely resembled those of his predecessors at least back to Ronald Reagan.
Also, a 2011 review of the Obama administration's handling of public records requests under the Freedom of Information Act noted the many positive words from the president and his people about striving for a culture of disclosure. This included an executive order on his first day in office. But the review came to this jarring conclusion when actions were measured against words: "Most indicators of openness have not even returned to the average for the Bush years, a period known for secrecy." The report was by OMB Watch, now called the Center for Effective Government.
On the bright side, Aftergood says, the government puts more and better information online than ever before. But at the core, "Classification activity is very high. Secrecy has become an obstacle in many areas of public policy. And we still are living with a classification system that is a legacy of the Cold War era."
If President Dwight Eisenhower were around today, he says, "he would have no trouble understanding how the classification system works. He would feel quite at home. The rest of us feel like we're living in a `Flintstones' episode."
The secret side of government has many pillars, some fashioned with a compliant Congress, others raised from within.
A look at some, and the weird politics swirling around them:
WHICH SIDE ARE YOU ON AGAIN?
In the suddenly unfolding debate over secrecy in government, it takes a spreadsheet to know who stands where. The normal partisan divide that cleaves almost everything else in Washington is no guide. Obama at times seems to be on both sides at once.
In one corner, there's Democrat Dianne Feinstein of California, who leads the Senate Intelligence Committee, tag-teaming with Republican John Boehner of Ohio, the House speaker. Both are steaming over the actions of Edward Snowden, the NSA contractor who leaked the surveillance programs. "Treason," said Feinstein. "Traitor," said Boehner. National security hawks in both parties agree.
In the other corner, an unusual collection of liberals, civil libertarians and conservatives suspicious of government's reach is aligned against Big Brother. The American Civil Liberties Union, tea party favorites and dyed-in-the-wool progressives are these odd bedfellows.
"It's my fear that we are on the verge of becoming a surveillance state," said Rep. John Conyers of Michigan, the top Democrat on the House Judiciary Committee.
Some other Democrats, too, are proving hostile to the administration on this. Sens. Ron Wyden of Oregon and Mark Udall of Colorado have dogged the administration to back off what they see as an assault on civil liberties and challenged its claims that the telephone and email monitoring programs helped stop specific acts of terrorism.
The debate places them and some other congressional critics in an awkward spot.
Intelligence committee members are briefed on certain national security secrets but not allowed to talk about them. That has left Udall, for one, champing at the bit. He told The Denver Post he was well aware of the monitoring programs that shocked lawmakers who hadn't been clued in and did "everything short of leaking classified information" to bring it to light.
As a candidate, Obama criticized Bush for putting forward a `false choice between the liberties we cherish and the security we provide." Now he says, "You can't have 100 percent security and also then have 100 percent privacy and zero inconvenience," and, "We're going to have to make some choices as a society."
SECRET DIRECTIVES AND PRIVILEGES
These tools have been used just as vigorously as in the Bush years, watchdogs say, despite modest steps toward accountability.
The state-secrets privilege helps the government withhold sensitive national security records in court proceedings. But in its 2013 review of Obama's first term, the Center for Effective Government says both the Bush and Obama administrations used the privilege to dismiss entire cases against the government, not just protect specific records.
The government also operates with a range of regulations, legal opinions and policy directives that never see the light of day.
Targeted drone killings, the recently leaked phone and email surveillance programs, and a former Bush program of warrantless wiretapping came from these shadows.
"The administration has continued to use secret `laws' to make controversial decisions without oversight, to disallow legal challenge, and to withhold key decisions and memoranda that have the force of law from public scrutiny," the center says.
Certain actions are subject to court scrutiny but it's a court like none other. The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court hears cases inside vaults in a federal courthouse. Legal justifications are classified, there's no lawyer countering the government's case for authority and the decisions are rarely made public.
In one step toward openness, the Obama administration has disclosed some secret legal opinions, but only those from the previous administration, regarding the treatment of terrorist detainees and some other matters specific to the Bush years.
LOOSE LIPS SINK SHIPS
The Obama administration has pursued an unprecedented number of investigations of those who leak government secrets and taken extraordinary steps in doing so. Among them are the secret seizure by the Justice Department of two months of phone records for more than 20 Associated Press telephone lines and the gathering of emails of Fox News journalist James Rosen, in both cases to try to identify sources of stories.
At the same time, a 2012 law signed by Obama improved protections for whistle-blowers, generally understood to be those in government who expose waste, fraud or abuse. Spillers of national security secrets needn't apply.
All governments always have kept secrets on the grounds that sensitive information cannot fall into the hands of adversaries and that frank discussions among nations and inside the government must stay confidential until they no longer matter. But history is rife with secrets kept for political purposes, to conceal corruption and simply to avoid inconvenience or embarrassment.
The sensational leak of the classified Pentagon Papers in 1971 revealed pernicious efforts to mislead the public on the depth of U.S. involvement in Southeast Asia. Cascading revelations in that time laid bare domestic spying to disrupt civil rights and anti-Vietnam War protests, assassination plots against foreign leaders and a campaign of character assassination against Martin Luther King Jr.
Now the court martial of Army Pfc. Bradley Manning is addressing how grave were the secrets he revealed when he supplied WikiLeaks with more than 700,000 classified battlefield reports, diplomatic cables and video clips while working as an intelligence analyst in Iraq. His lawyers contend damage was minimal. The government argues the revelations included extraordinarily sensitive information that endangered lives – revealing troop movements, code words, the names of suspects under investigation and much more – and that some of it ended up in the hands of Osama bin Laden.
FOR YOUR EYES ONLY
Classified government documents fall into one of three big categories: confidential, secret and top secret. Beyond that, though, is a plethora of subclassifications.
The government is awash in "sensitive but unclassified" material, information that doesn't meet the standard for national security classification but is touchy enough to warrant some level of protection. Each agency has had its own system and the result, of course, has been a mess: several hundred unique classifications or labels that sound official, mean little and confuse everything.
Obama ordered the administration in 2009 to speed up declassification, standardize the hodgepodge and restrain the bureaucratic tendency to mark records with more confidentiality than they deserve. But the rules deliberately left plenty of wiggle room, and there's been a lot of wiggling. The essential tenets of secrecy remained unchanged.
Obama specified that those who assign classification levels to federal records should, by default, pick the least restrictive category, not automatically bump it up, absent serious doubt about what to do.
Aftergood chuckled over that one. "That does not translate into an instruction that has any teeth."
"Classifiers," he said, "they do not sit, Hamlet-like, and wonder whether or not they should classify. They aren't crippled by doubt."
In other words, they do the safe thing and classify, classify and overclassify.
That's why the vast ocean of classified information is swimming with oh-so-ordinary material – rehashes of newspaper clippings, bland diplomatic cables conveying information anyone can find online, summaries of foreigners' public speeches and the like – as well as the juicy stuff. It costs billions a year to keep it all under wraps.
Now, it has emerged that some of Obama's political appointees are using secret government email accounts to conduct official business. This practice raises questions about how agencies can fulfill their legal obligation to find and share official emails in congressional inquiries and under public records requests.
As for the Freedom of Information Act pipeline, an AP analysis in March found that the Obama administration last year answered more requests from the public to see government records than ever before. But it also turned more frequently to legal exceptions to censor or withhold material. It turned over all or parts of the records in about 65 percent of all requests and fully rejected more than one-third, an uptick from 2011.
PERIODS OF SUNSHINE
Watchdogs credit Obama with progress on some fronts: the first public accounting of the nuclear arsenal, more public detail on intelligence and national security "black budgets" that still remain largely hidden from view, disclosure of the numbers of people with security clearance, and more. The government puts out more information on nonclassified government operations than before and makes it easier to find and understand.
User-friendly websites have been the primary vehicle, augmented by sophisticated, if sometimes unwieldy, databases and gobs of social media chatter. At ethics.gov, for example, it's now possible with a few clicks to see lists of White House visitors and whether they were campaign contributors.
Moreover, each agency was directed to put an open-government plan in place. The results have been mixed.
NASA, an agency that depends on public outreach more than many others to keep support for its budget, rose to the occasion with all sorts of plans to increase access to scientific data, crowd-source research and keep people on top of what it's doing.
Closer to the levers of power, token steps were more the norm. In the estimation of open-government advocates, the heavy-lifting Justice Department did not transform transparently.
MANCHESTER, Tenn. -- Memories are a jumble walking out of the Bonnaroo Music & Arts Festival. Days blend together, sound memories clash and surface. Hipster moustaches made from pink glow sticks haunt your dreams. And that smell. The horror.
A few things really stuck out this year, though, as we reviewed things following Tom Petty's rain-drenched, festival-closing 2 1/2-hour set. Here's a look at five:
Rock `n' roll will never die: Those who think rock `n' roll is irrelevant or even dead need to pay a visit to the farm. It may be showing its age – eternally rocking Paul McCartney and Petty and The Heartbreakers were the two most prominent headliners – and electronica and hip-hop are elbowing their way in – witness start turns by Macklemore, Kendrick Lewis and A$AP Rocky, who brought more than 20,000 fans to a tent designed to hold 5,000. But it's really still rock `n' roo.
Just ask Derek Vincent Smith, the DJ who performs as Pretty Lights. Smith had one of the most anticipated and well-attended events of the weekend early Saturday morning, spinning tunes for tens of thousands of wild, scantily clad and costumed revelers until nearly 4 a.m. He saw something interesting as he worked his way through his set, however.
"From my perspective, I really noticed a massive response to my classic rock remixes," Smith said. "So Bonnaroo hasn't changed too much, you know what I mean? My Pink Floyd remix, my Led Zeppelin remix, my Steve Miller Band, stuff like that, people went crazy. I wasn't initially planning on venturing into that territory, but I was trying to read the vibes."
Smith decided to spend parts of three days in middle Tennessee checking out the festival. He said it's been one of his best experiences.
"Everyone's there," Smith said. "It's not Coachella where everybody leaves and they go to their condo or whatever. Everyone's out there sweating, getting smelly together. Even with the electronica and hip-hop and all that really becoming a big part of it, it's always going to be a hippy festival in the end. That's awesome."
Macklemore is for real: Think the popularity of Macklemore & Ryan Lewis is just a fad built on a novelty song? You should have seen their show Sunday at Bonnaroo. Filled with humor, non-stop energy and the duo's recent hits, including "Thrift Shop," the show was something of a revelation.
"I like Mack," Lamar said as Lewis' bass rattled the walls of his backstage trailer. "I've hung with him a few times. Cool dude, man. He's taking over."
And that's just what he was doing outside. In a soon-to-be-classic YouTube moment, Macklemore saw a fan in the crowd sporting a spotted fur coat similar to the one the Seattle rapper features in the "Thrift Shop" video.
"Can you take off that fur jacket and crowd surf it up here and let me take a look at it?" Macklemore said. The fan sent the coat toward the stage and security tossed it up to the rapper: "You know, this doesn't smell as bad as I thought it would. It smells like weed and malt liquor."
He put the coat on and sent the crowd of 40,000-plus at the main stage into a frenzy with the help of a live horn section as he launched into "Thrift Shop," the group's breakthrough hit that's launched a six-month run to pop stardom. Even a pop-up thunderstorm couldn't slow things down and Macklemore wrapped it up by crowd surfing.
HAIM is next: HAIM already had a little buzz rolling into Bonnaroo after time spent on the road with Mumford & Sons and anticipation for the sister act's debut album building. Their well-attended Thursday afternoon set should add to the clamor building around Este, Alana and Danielle Haim.
On their previous EP releases, the band came across as more a girl group with complex harmonies and a hip-hop influenced sound. On stage, though, they're something very different. All three play instruments, have the ability to rock as they showed on a Fleetwood Mac jam and finished off their set with a rousing drum circle that fans were talking about a day later.
The best moment, though, had nothing to do with music. Este Haim shut the group down about midway through the set and pointed at a sign in the crowd: "There's a little boy holding a sign that says, `Kiss me, Este."
And she did, bringing the toddler who wore a large yellow noise-blocking headset onstage where she and her sisters posed for a picture with him.
"I'm engaged now," Este Haim said.
Two by two: Jack White and The Black Keys have mostly moved on from that two-man band thing, but a wave of guitar-and-drums duos continues to roll through rock `n' roll. At least four were on display at Bonnaroo – Japandroids, JEFF the Brotherhood, Deap Vally and Beach House.
Vancouver, British Columbia-based Brian King and Dave Prowse of Japandroids turned in one of the festival's most raucous performances Thursday, and they did it with just two guys bashing away. King plays guitar and sings most of the songs and Prowse plays drums.
"There's a lot of positives and negatives to it," King said after the set. "Like there's no third, fourth or fifth person to break a tie. It's more like a relationship. You have to find some kind of middle ground to make it work or it doesn't work."
King said bands such as White's White Stripes and the Keys – both nominated for album of the year at last year's Grammy Awards – showed young rockers the possibilities by making music more accessible.
"If you have a close friend who's fun to jam with, then you can do it too," King said. "That's it."
Inspiration comes from everywhere: Members of Alaska-via-Portland rockers Portugal. The Man played on the festival's second largest stage a week after their new Danger Mouse-produced album "Evil Friends" hit the streets, raising their profile as high as it's been.
But they were more stoked about the strange guy who came out and made a crazy appearance on the accordion during the band's set Saturday. That guy was Weird Al Yankovic, the timeless rock `n' roll jester.
Turns out Yankovic, in all seriousness, was a huge influence for John Gourley. The lead singer said when he and his bandmates first made their Myspace page, it listed Yankovic as their only influence.
"He really is," Gourley said. "He introduced us to music. Weird Al was something that kids would listen to. It's funny, super funny, smart. It's just kind of jokey. I remember hearing `Smells Like Nirvana' before hearing `Smells Like Teen Spirit.' That's how it really worked. I think it's just such a cool thing how he introduced us to so many cool bands. Even Queen – `Another One Rides the Bus.'"
Follow AP Music Writer Chris Talbott: . http://twitter.com/Chris_Talbott
KENT, Ohio — If you're up to no good in this pocket of northeast Ohio, especially in a witless way, you're risking not only jail time or a fine but a swifter repercussion with a much larger audience: You're in for a social media scolding from police Chief David Oliver and some of his small department's 49,000 Facebook fans.
And Oliver does not mince words.
In postings interspersed with community messages and rants, the Brimfield Township chief takes to task criminals and other ne'er-do-wells – his preferred term is "mopes," appropriated from police TV shows and an old colleague who used it – for the stupid, the lazy and the outright unlawful. Even an ill-considered parking choice can spur a Facebook flogging.
"If you use a handicapped space and you jump out of the vehicle, all healthy-like, as if someone is dangling free cheeseburgers on a stick, expect people to stare at you and get angry," Oliver wrote last year. "You are milking the system and it aggravates those of us who play by the rules. Ignoring us does not make you invisible. We see you, loser."
His humor, sarcasm and blunt opinion fueled a tenfold increase in the Facebook page's likes in the past year, bringing the total to more than four times the 10,300 residents the department serves. It's among the most-liked local law enforcement pages in the country, trailing only New York, Boston and Philadelphia police, according to the International Association of Chiefs of Police Center for Social Media.
Not bad for a guy who initially hoped maybe 500 locals would pay attention when he noticed other businesses' pages and decided to start his own three years ago.
Facebook posting, May 16, 2013: "I call criminals mopes. I do not comment on them being ugly, smelly or otherwise beauty impaired ... even though some are. I do not comment on their education, social status, color, sex, origin or who they marry. I care about crime and character. If you come to Brimfield and commit a crime we are all going to talk about it. The easiest way to not be called a criminal is to not be one. It is not calculus."
The chief loves justice, Westerns and dogs. John Wayne and Abraham Lincoln peer out from frames on the gray walls of Oliver's office, where the 45-year-old chats with anyone who stops by.
His Facebook messages extend that open-door policy online for conversations about road closures, charity events, lost pets and whatever else crosses his mind. Some are serious, such as salutes to slain officers and updates during school threat investigations. Others are light-hearted, like the attempt to find an escaped swine's owner with an unusual APB – an "All-Pig Bulletin" – or his promise to "ticket" child bicyclists with coupons for free ice cream if they wear helmets.
And, of course, there's crime. One posting berates a man accused of physically assaulting a woman and two children. In another, Oliver suggests that hiding near an occupied police K-9 vehicle wasn't a shoplifting suspect's smartest move.
Resident Mark Mosley, a daily reader, said he likes such "humorous arrest stories" best.
"It's one of those things, like you can't fix stupid," Mosley said.
His officers and others say the online character of the chief, a big, beefy guy, matches real life.
"He is definitely a very large personality. It kind of goes with his size," local fire Chief Robert Keller said.
Oliver's 15-person department handles more than 13,000 calls for service annually and deals largely with arrests for driving violations, thefts and drug crimes by out-of-towners. Arrests in those crime categories dropped last year but are trending upward again, and Oliver says it would take more time to determine whether the Facebook messages are having an impact.
Occasionally, his rants cover topics far outside his jurisdiction, among them the Boston Marathon bombings and the high-profile rape case from Steubenville in eastern Ohio. He rarely mentions names but doesn't shy from addressing specific suspects or brands of criminals.
July 31, 2012: "Dear Father or Mother Meth Cooks,
"You have lost your mind. What in hell are you thinking when you make the decision to cook meth with your child in the house? You have violated the very basic principle of being a parent, which is the safety of your child. I am fed up with watching it and also with being concerned with the long-term effects of what you have exposed YOUR child to."
The word is out even among mopes, a few of whom have told Oliver they read his updates. During a March traffic stop with several drug-related arrests, one suspect overheard Oliver being called "Chief" and, after connecting the dots, requested not to be mentioned on the page, police said. Oliver didn't oblige.
His postings, also republished to the department's Twitter account, spur dozens or hundreds of comments from as far away as Australia or Germany. Some praise the department. Others say Oliver uses work time inappropriately for Facebook or criticize him for discussing suspects in a public forum. (His response: It's public record.)
Oliver welcomes the discussion and deletes comments only if they use profanity or refer to police in highly offensive language.
"He totally connects with our community, except the people that he arrests," said Mike Kostensky, one of the trustees who picked Oliver as chief in 2004.
Departments like Brimfield that engage readers and reply tend to see more activity on their police pages compared with those that don't, said Nancy Kolb, who runs the IACP Center for Social Media. The center tracks the popularity of law enforcement on Facebook and Twitter.
Oliver says his updates provide accountability and transparency about police work. He's also a believer that people can change.
He says that he had a "very thin" line between good and bad when he was younger and that he might have become a mope if not for grandparents who let him watch only "The Waltons," `'Gunsmoke" and "The Andy Griffith Show" on TV.
He said the latter was the biggest influence on his career because he admires the respectful, plain-spoken sheriff played by Griffith.
"I just always thought, you know, that's a good way to handle things," Oliver says.
Jan. 28, 2013: "It is the opinion of this chief, located in a small corner of a great big world, that we need to, as a society, become a little more intolerant of people who commit crimes for a living. When we start yelling about it being unacceptable ... people will take notice and the practice will shift; either by putting people in jail, funding drug treatment or behavioral changes by the criminals."
Oliver, a father of four who starts many days hugging and high-fiving elementary school students, turned his popularity into a sort of local brand, pitching mugs and T-shirts with "no mopes" logos and his other catchphrases – such as "anywhere but here" or, in reference to a jail breakfast, "enjoy the oatmeal" – to raise money for school security improvements. Purchases and donations have brought in more than $14,000, enough to install panic buttons connecting the five local schools to police. Cameras and intercoms are next.
"How could you not love that guy?" said Tammy Ralston, the graphic designer at Young's Screenprinting and Embroidery in Cuyahoga Falls, which came up with the "mopes" gear and receives orders from across the country.
Oliver's supporters include retiree Dennis Kerr of Sherwood, Ark., who bought a T-shirt for his wife while visiting family in nearby Stow.
"The guy really has a load of common sense, and I appreciated him, so we started following him," Kerr said.
Kerr hopes to meet Oliver and said he considered planning his next Ohio visit to coincide with Brimfield's parade. Oliver is turning the September event into a walk honoring military veterans and has invited all his Facebook fans.
Everyone, that is, except the mopes.
Follow Kantele Franko on Twitter at http://www.twitter.com/kantele10
CHICAGO — Bernard "Bernie" Sahlins, who co-founded Chicago's Second City theater and who nurtured the early careers of many of the earliest stars of "Saturday Night Live," died Sunday. He was 90.
Andrew Alexander, one of Second City's current owners and its CEO, told The Associated Press that Sahlins died peacefully at his Chicago home with his family nearby. He is survived by his wife, Jane Nicholl Sahlins.
Sahlins and business partners Howard Alk and Paul Sills opened The Second City in December 1959, and it quickly gained national attention and helped establish Chicago as a vibrant comedy town, the Chicago Sun-Times reported ( ). http://bit.ly/1bLDRZo
The Second City wasn't Sahlins' first attempt at running a theater. He was a producer-investor in a theater troupe in the early 1950s that was comprised of many fellow University of Chicago graduates, and he and several business partners produced plays at the Studebaker Theater from October 1956 until the following year, when it had to close due to a lack of funding.
In his 2002 memoir, "Days and Nights at the Second City," Sahlins wrote that he, Alk and Sills hadn't set out to build another theater.
"We had been burned enough times doing that. This was still the Beat generation, and we started out to found a coffee house where we idlers, including the actors whom we had with for years, could loll around and put the world in its proper place."
But The Second City caught on within months of opening, despite some early money problems and other issues, and it became instrumental in the growth and development of improvisational and sketch comedy.
Sahlins had an eye for talent, and he hired and nurtured the early careers of such future stars as John and Jim Belushi, Joan Rivers, Dan Aykroyd, Bill Murray, Gilda Radner and Harold Ramis, among others.
Shortly after "Saturday Night Live" began airing in the fall of 1975, Second City became a breeding ground for the show. According to Second City producer emeritus Joyce Sloane, who died in 2011, Sahlins once half-jokingly commanded her to lock "SNL" creator and producer Lorne Michaels out of the building, the Sun-Times reported.
Alexander, who along with business partner Len Stuart bought The Second City from Sahlins in 1985, according to the theater's website, told the AP that Sahlins will be remembered for always urging performers to work at the top of their intellect, and that this is still preached at the theater today.
"You think about that theater, and think of all the stars that came out of it ... from Belushi to Aykroyd to Allan Arkin. It's extraordinary, the amount of talented people that came out of it," Alexander said.
Information from: Chicago Sun-Times, http://www.suntimes.com/index
LAS VEGAS — A 25-year-old contestant from Connecticut won the title of Miss USA in Las Vegas on Sunday night.
Erin Brady of South Glastonbury, Conn., won the beauty pageant at the Planet Hollywood hotel-casino after strutting in a white sparkly gown and answering a question about the U.S. Supreme Court's decision upholding widespread DNA tests. Asked if she agreed with the decision, Brady said she did.
Brady gets the crown and a New York apartment for one year. She is expected to spend her title reign on a nationwide speaking tour and raising breast and ovarian cancer awareness, the organization's official cause.
During the swimsuit competition, the ladies threw off sheer wraps to reveal skimpy blue, gold and orange bikinis. They strutted in stilettos to the Jonas Brothers' live performance of "Pom Poms."
The women also strutted to Calvin Harris' electronica-infused "Sweet Nothing" in an array of spangled, flowing evening gowns. Trains, gauze and long wavy hair were the preferred looks.
Unlike the rival Miss America pageant, Miss USA doesn't ask its queens to perform a talent or choose a charity mission.
The judge's panel included over-the-top fashion designer Betsey Johnson, "Biggest Loser" star Bob Harper and "Wait Wait ... Don't Tell Me" personality Mo Rocca.
Rocca praised the pageant as a prime example of Americana backstage. He said he was looking to appoint a new Miss USA who reminded him of Abraham Lincoln "without the beard."
The pageant aired live on NBC, hosted by Nick Jonas of the Jonas Brothers pop act and Giuliana Rancic, co-anchor of "E! News." The Jonas Brothers and DJ Pauly D were expected to perform.
The winner will represent the United States at the Miss Universe pageant in the winter.
Last year's Miss USA, Olivia Culpo, won that international crown, becoming the first Miss USA to ascend to Miss Universe in 16 years. Meriwether, who had been first runner-up, took over for her for the remainder of the year.
The Miss USA hopefuls stayed at the Planet Hollywood casino for the past week, but the flashing slot machines and ubiquitous oversized novelty drinks have been little more than a background to a stuffed schedule of product tie-in media events, including hairdo contests and paddleboat competitions.
The animal rights organization People For The Ethical Treatment Of Animals is using the pageant to stage a protest of fur and the tradition of awarding furs to winners of some state pageants.
PETA has made a provocative ad featuring four nude former Miss USA winners. The tagline is: "Feel Beautiful in Your Own Skin, and Let Animals Keep Theirs."
Yvette Cruz contributed to this report.
Hannah Dreier can be reached at http://twitter.com/hannahdreier
NEW YORK -- Jay-Z is teaming up with Samsung to release his new album, unveiling a three-minute commercial during the NBA Finals on Sunday and announcing a deal that will give the music to 1 million users of Galaxy mobile phones.
The new album, called "Magna Carta Holy Grail," will be free for the first 1 million android phone owners who download an app for the album. Those who do so will get the album on July 4, three days before its official release, according to a Sunday statement.
Samsung is a leader in the mobile phone market and has been steadily chipping away at Apple's share of the market with its Galaxy phones. The deal with Jay-Z is yet another example of how mobile companies are using music to lure new consumers.
LONDON — The Guardian newspaper said the British eavesdropping agency GCHQ repeatedly hacked into foreign diplomats' phones and emails when the U.K. hosted international conferences, even going so far as to set up a bugged Internet cafe in an effort to get an edge in high-stakes negotiations.
The news prompted an angry response from Russian officials concerned that their communications had been intercepted.
The report – the latest in a series of revelations which have ignited a worldwide debate over the scope of Western intelligence gathering – came just hours before Britain was due to open the G-8 summit in Northern Ireland on Monday, a meeting of the world's leading economies that include Russia. The allegation that the United Kingdom has previously used its position as host to spy on its allies and other attendees could make for awkward conversation as the delegates arrive for talks.
"The diplomatic fallout from this could be considerable," according to British academic Richard J. Aldrich, whose book "GCHQ" charts the agency's history.
Speaking at the G-8 summit, Prime Minister David Cameron declined to address the issue.
"We never comment on security or intelligence issues and I am not about to start now," he said. "I don't make comments on security or intelligence issues. That would be breaking something that no government has previously done."
GCHQ also declined to comment on the report.
Russian officials complained Monday about reports that their delegation had been snooped on in earlier summits.
"It's a scandal! The U.S. and British special services tapped (then President Dmitry) Medvedev's phone at the 2009 G-20 summit. The U.S. denies it, but we can't trust them," Alexei Pushkov, the Kremlin-connected chief of foreign affairs committee in the lower house of Russian parliament, wrote on his Twitter feed Monday.
Sergei Devyatov, a spokesman for the Federal Protection Service that provides security for top Russian government officials, said in a statement carried by the Interfax news agency: "The Federal Protective Service is taking every necessary measure to provide the appropriate level of confidentiality of information for top-ranking officials of the country."
The Guardian cites more than half a dozen internal government documents provided by former NSA contractor Edward Snowden as the basis for its reporting on GCHQ's intelligence operations, which it says involved, among other things, hacking into the South African foreign ministry's computer network and targeting the Turkish delegation at the 2009 G-20 summit in London.
Clayson Monyela, a spokesman for South Africa's foreign ministry, declined to comment on the report Monday when reached by telephone by AP. Monyela said on his Twitter feed that "the matter is receiving attention."
The source material – whose authenticity could not immediately be determined – appears to be a mixed bag. The Guardian describes one as "a PowerPoint slide," another as "a briefing paper" and others simply as "documents."
Some of the leaked material was posted to the Guardian's website with heavy redactions. A spokesman for the newspaper said the redactions were made at the newspaper's initiative, but declined to elaborate.
It wasn't completely clear how Snowden would have had access to the British intelligence documents, although in one article the Guardian mentions that source material was drawn from a top-secret internal network shared by GCHQ and the NSA. Aldrich said he wouldn't be surprised if the GCHQ material came from a shared network accessed by Snowden, explaining that the NSA and GCHQ collaborated so closely that in some areas the two agencies effectively operated as one.
One document cited by the Guardian – but not posted to its website – appeared to boast of GCHQ's tapping into smartphones. The Guardian quoted the document as saying that "capabilities against BlackBerry provided advance copies of G-20 briefings to ministers." It went on to say that "Diplomatic targets from all nations have an MO (a habit) of using smartphones," adding that spies "exploited this use at the G-20 meetings last year."
Another document cited – but also not posted – concerned GCHQ's use of a customized Internet cafe which was "able to extract key logging info, providing creds (credentials) for delegates, meaning we have sustained intelligence options against them even after conference has finished." No further details were given, but the reference to key logging suggested that computers at the cafe would have been pre-installed with malicious software designed to spy on key strokes, steal passwords and eavesdrop on emails.
Aldrich said that revelation stuck out as particularly ingenious.
"It's a bit `Mission Impossible,'" he said.
Vladimir Isachenkov in Enniskillen, Northern Ireland, and Jason Straziuso in Nairobi, Kenya, contributed to this report.
BEVERLY HILLS, Calif. — "Days of Our Lives" won drama series honors for just the second time in 40 years at the Daytime Emmys in a rough-hewn ceremony that included more upsets and an envelope mix-up on Sunday night.
The NBC soap opera that began in 1965 beat out defending champion "General Hospital" and former three-time winner "The Bold and the Beautiful," among others.
The category included the only four remaining soaps still airing on the broadcast networks in addition to "One Life to Live," which has found new life on the Internet after being canceled.
"Days" only other drama series win was in 1978.
The show claimed one other trophy: Chandler Massey as outstanding younger actor.
Doug Davidson of "The Young and the Restless" and Heather Tom of "The Bold and the Beautiful" won lead acting honors.
Davidson earned his first career trophy for a role he's played since 1978. Tom, who previously was on "Y&R," repeated her win from last year.
Davidson had been nominated seven times in various categories for playing Detective Paul Williams on the CBS soap.
"It suddenly occurs to me that the presenters are younger than my tux," he said. "I would like to thank the viewers. They have been more than fans, they've been like family to me. They've supported my character in some very difficult times."
Tom of "B&B" won for her role as Katie Logan, who struggled with post-partum depression and abandoned her baby in a major story line. Last year, she became the first person to win Daytime Emmys in the younger, supporting and lead categories.
"It's awesome. I'm so grateful to be part of this community," said Tom, the fifth woman to win consecutive lead actress honors in Daytime Emmy history.
CBS claimed eight trophies during the telecast, giving the network a leading 21 wins including those from last week's creative arts ceremony. PBS was second with 14 wins.
The show had its unexpected moments, including Corbin Bernsen uttering two expletives during the in memoriam tribute that included his late mother Jeanne Cooper of "The Young and the Restless."
The ladies of "The Talk" presented outstanding talk show informative and when Aisha Tyler opened the envelope she quickly realized it was the wrong one.
"Oh, this is interesting," she said. "This winner is not in this category."
The audience in the International Ballroom of the Beverly Hilton gasped at the error.
"There better be a cocktail waiting on my table," Tyler said before being handed the correct envelope from the wings.
Tyler then announced "The Dr. Oz Show" as the winner.
"I was having heart palpitations, real ones," Dr. Mehmet Oz said onstage.
In another surprise, Scott Clifton of "The Bold and the Beautiful" and Billy Miller of "The Young and the Restless" tied for supporting actor in a drama series.
"It's fantastic," Miller said about sharing. "I assumed it was Scott's. I didn't hear my name which is why I was trying to sit down when they were pulling me up."
Julie Marie Berman of "General Hospital" won supporting actress honors. She has since left the ABC soap.
Kristen Alderson of "General Hospital" won the younger actress category.
In an upset, first-time nominee "CBS Sunday Morning" beat out heavyweights "Good Morning America" and the "Today Show" for outstanding morning program.
"We snuck in while nobody was looking," host Charles Osgood said.
Ricki Lake, whose daytime comeback has been canceled, won outstanding talk show host.
Ben Bailey of "Cash Cab," which is no longer being produced, picked up his third win as outstanding game show host. "The Price is Right" won game show honors.
"The Ellen DeGeneres Show" earned its seventh trophy as outstanding talk show entertainment.
"Good Morning America" weather anchor Sam Champion, along with HLN network's A.J. Hammer and Robin Meade, hosted the 40th annual show.
Reflecting the current era of dwindling daytime audiences, network budget-cutting and the cancellation of some soaps, the awards show was aired by cable news channel HLN, having lost its longtime home on the broadcast networks last year.
The constant din of audience chatter could be heard on the telecast.
The Daytime Emmys moved back to Southern California last year after being in Las Vegas for two years, and its ratings, like many of the daytime shows it celebrates, have bounced up and down in recent years. Last year, HLN scored its highest numbers ever for a scheduled non-news broadcast when it aired the awards for the first time.
In an effort to liven up the proceedings, the night's biggest winners were chatted up, sometimes awkwardly, on stage by celebrities right after their acceptance speeches.
"All I could think about was, `Please, I got up here without successfully falling out of my dress, so please just get me off the stage,'" said Tom, who had a plunging neckline. "I don't even remember what I said."
"One Life to Live," along with the venerable "All My Children," ran for more than 40 years on ABC until both were canceled. Each has since been revived online with much of their casts intact, leaving just four soaps still airing on the broadcast networks compared to a dozen in 1991.
The show paid tribute to Lifetime Achievement Award winners Monty Hall and the late Bob Stewart.
Now 91, Hall hosted the popular "Let's Make a Deal" game show starting in the 1960s.
"When we started the show, I just hoped for 13 weeks and we passed 50 years," Hall said on the red carpet about the show that still airs today.
Stewart, who died last year, created such game shows as "The Price is Right," "To Tell the Truth," "Password" and "The $10,000 Pyramid."
Jess Walton of "The Young and the Restless" joined Bernsen for the in memoriam segment. He dropped the expletives that went out over the air when talking about his late mother.
WASHINGTON — Thomas Penfield Jackson, who as a federal judge in Washington presided over a historic Microsoft antitrust case and the drug possession trial of former Mayor Marion Barry, has died.
Jackson died at his home in Compton, Md., his wife Patricia told The Associated Press on Sunday. He was 76 and had cancer.
Jackson, who retired from the bench in 2004, handled a variety of cases in more than two decades as judge. He sent Barry to prison for cocaine possession, conducted the perjury trial of former White House aide Michael Deaver, and ordered then-Sen. Bob Packwood to turn over his diaries to a committee investigating sexual harassment charges.
In 2000, ruling in a closely watched antitrust lawsuit brought by the government against Microsoft, Jackson ordered the software giant to be split in two after concluding the company had stifled competition and used illegal methods to protect its monopoly in computer operating systems. The decision rocked the software industry, and in interviews with the news media that were published after the ruling, Jackson was quoted as comparing Microsoft founder Bill Gates to Napoleon and likening the company to a drug-dealing street gang.
"I think he has a Napoleonic concept of himself and his company, an arrogance that derives from power and unalloyed success, with no leavening hard experience, no reverses," Jackson said in one interview.
An appeals court the following year unanimously reversed the breakup order – though it did agree that Microsoft had acted as an illegal software monopoly – saying Jackson had engaged in "serious judicial misconduct" with his derogatory out-of-court comments about the company. The court appointed a different judge to determine a new punishment. The company eventually negotiated a settlement.
Another high-profile case involved a North Carolina tobacco farmer who in 2003 drove his tractor into a pond on the National Mall, creating a lengthy standoff with the police and threatening to set off bombs. Jackson initially sentenced Dwight Watson to six years in prison, saying the city had regarded him as a "one-man weapon of mass destruction," but later sharply reduced the punishment following a U.S. Supreme Court ruling involving sentencing guidelines.
In 2004, he angered media advocates with his decision to hold five reporters in contempt and fine them $500 a day for refusing to identify their sources about nuclear scientist Wen Ho Lee.
Jackson also presided over the 1990 drug trial of Marion Barry, the District of Columbia mayor caught in an FBI sting smoking crack-cocaine in a hotel room. The judge's original six-month sentence was thrown out after an appeals court said he didn't adequately explain how he applied federal sentencing guidelines.
Jackson re-sentenced him to a six-month term, despite challenges from Barry who said the judge had shown bias by telling a Harvard University audience that he was convinced Barry was guilty of perjury and other crimes but that some jurors would not have voted to convict him on most of the charges under any circumstances. The jury had convicted Barry of drug possession but deadlocked on other charges.
The appeals court refused to let Barry delay serving his sentence.
HARRISBURG, Pa. — In the year since eight young men took the stand to testify they were sexually abused by former Penn State assistant football coach Jerry Sandusky, the scandal has played out in the courts, in the halls of the university and in continuing debate about how it was handled and what it meant.
Two Penn State trustees made a case this month that the university has already made substantial improvements in child safety and its internal governance, with more changes on the way, including a search for a new president.
Board chairman Keith Masser said the school can already claim to be more efficient, more transparent and more accountable, a national model for university governance. He sees Penn State turning a corner.
"There's a lot of inaccurate information and negative information that's out there, and ... I want to make sure that we promote and discuss all the good things that have been done and we're doing," he said in an interview in New York with The Associated Press.
The fallout from the revelations that Sandusky was a child molester who used his ties to the university to groom and victimize boys has hardly been confined to State College. There, debate continues about whether the school should have agreed to NCAA penalties, whether legendary coach Joe Paterno was treated fairly in his firing and a subsequent university investigation and what role the football team should play in campus life.
Sandusky, 69, is serving a 30- to 60-year state prison sentence after being convicted last year of sexually abusing 10 boys. He has maintains his innocence and has launched appeals, a process that could take many years.
For months now, Penn State has been negotiating with lawyers for about 30 young men who assert they were abused by Sandusky. Many of them didn't testify against Sandusky and haven't sued, so the nature of their allegations isn't publicly known.
The university's goal is to settle their claims and avoid trial, and the man brought in to help facilitate those talks said he's optimistic the end is near.
"We're getting closer," said Ken Feinberg, who has been involved in many other high-profile group settlements, including the compensation funds for 9/11 and Boston Marathon bombing victims. "We should have this done, I hope, in the next couple of weeks. But it's not done yet – the discussions continue."
The NCAA penalties, which included a $60 million fine, a four-year ban on postseason play, a temporary reduction in football scholarships and the elimination of 112 Paterno-era wins, have triggered several lawsuits, including one by Gov. Tom Corbett that a federal judge has dismissed.
Paterno's family and others with Penn State ties have also sued, and the NCAA has gone to court to challenge a state law that mandates the $60 million should be spent on child abuse prevention efforts within the state, not elsewhere.
Attorney General Kathleen Kane has ordered a review into how the Sandusky investigation was handled under her predecessors: Corbett and Linda Kelly, the woman he picked to complete his term as the state's top prosecutor. The Sandusky scandal is likely to be a campaign topic next year, when Corbett is expected to seek a second term.
The Legislature is working on changes to state law based on shortcomings in child abuse protection that the Sandusky case helped expose, and it's probable that some of the proposals will be enacted this year.
The U.S. Department of Education has been investigating whether Penn State complied with a federal law regarding public reporting of campus crimes.
Also pending are the criminal proceedings against three former Penn State administrators accused of covering up complaints about Sandusky: former president Graham Spanier, former vice president Gary Schultz and former athletic director Tim Curley. They maintain their innocence.
Schultz and Curley were arrested along with Sandusky in November 2011, but prosecutors added new charges late last year and, for the first time, charged Spanier. Their preliminary hearings, which according to Pennsylvania law would normally have been held months ago, have been delayed indefinitely while the courts sort out a dispute over the role played in their grand jury appearances by Penn State's then-general counsel, Cynthia Baldwin.
The men have argued their right to legal counsel was violated when Baldwin accompanied them to grand jury appearances, and they do not want her to testify against them.
Because of the grand jury investigation, much of what has been going on in the criminal case is occurring in secret, including a pair of appeals by Curley and Schultz that the state Supreme Court turned down this month. The state attorney general's office said it's ready to move forward with the case and blamed delays on defense motions.
On the field, the Nittany Lions went 8-4 last season under coach Bill O'Brien, hired as Paterno's permanent replacement. They open the 2013 season Aug. 31 against Syracuse at the Meadowlands in New Jersey.
LOS ANGELES — "Man of Steel" leaped over box office expectations in a single weekend.
The Warner Bros. superhero film earned $113 million in its opening weekend at the box office, according to studio estimates Sunday. The retelling of Superman's backstory earned an additional $12 million from Thursday screenings, bringing its domestic total to $125 million. Original box-office expectations for "Man of Steel" ranged from $75 million to $130 million.
"They finally got the Superman formula right," said Paul Dergarabedian, an analyst for box-office tracker Hollywood.com. "Superhero movies really are the bread and butter of the summer box office. The fact that `Iron Man 3' has the biggest opening of the year so far and `Man of Steel' has the second biggest opening of the year just proves that."
"Man of Steel," which stars Henry Cavill as Superman and Amy Adams as Lois Lane, also nabbed the record for June's biggest opening away from "Toy Story 3," the Disney-Pixar film which banked $110.3 million when it opened in 2010. "Superman Returns," the previous Superman film starring Brandon Routh in the titular role, launched with $52.5 million in 2006.
The new take on Superman's origin also performed solidly overseas, earning $71.6 million from 24 territories, including the Philippines, India, Malaysia and the United Kingdom, where "Man of Steel" earned $17.1 million. The film, which also stars Russell Crowe and Michael Shannon, is set to open next weekend in 27 more territories, such as Russia and China.
Sony's "This Is the End" debuted in second place in North America behind "Man of Steel" with $20.5 million in its opening weekend. The comedy starring Seth Rogen, James Franco and Jonah Hill as versions of themselves trapped in a mansion during the apocalypse opened Wednesday, earning a domestic total of $32.8 million. The film cost just $32 million to produce.
"We knew we were going to have competition, but we felt our movie stood on its own and had its own voice," said Rory Bruer, Sony's president of worldwide distribution. "I believe we've absolutely proven that. To have this amount of money in the bank with its cost of production, good reviews and word of mouth really puts our feet on solid ground."
In its third weekend at the box office, the Lionsgate illusionist heist film "Now You See Me" fleeced $10.3 million in third place, bringing its total domestic haul to $80 million. Universal's "Fast & Furious 6" arrived in fourth place with $9.4 million, while the studio's invasion horror film "The Purge" starring Ethan Hawke scared up $8.2 million in the fifth spot.
The super openings of "Man of Steel" and "This Is the End" helped to lift the box office 50 percent over last year when "Madagascar 3" and "Prometheus" held on to the top spots. "Man of Steel" will face off against stiff competition next week when Paramount's zombie thriller "World War Z" and the Disney-Pixar's prequel "Monsters University" both debut.
Estimated ticket sales for Friday through Sunday at U.S. and Canadian theaters, according to Hollywood.com. Where available, latest international numbers are also included. Final domestic figures will be released on Monday.
1. "Man of Steel," $113 million ($71.6 million international).
2. "This Is the End," $20.5 million.
3. "Now You See Me," $10.3 million ($15.6 million international).
4. "Fast & Furious 6," $9.4 million ($20 million international).
5. "The Purge," $8.2 million ($2.4 million international).
6. "The Internship," $7 million ($5.1 million international).
7. "Epic," $6 million ($8.1 million international).
8. "Star Trek: Into Darkness," $5.6 million ($17 million international).
9. "After Earth," $3.7 million ($24 million international).
10. "Iron Man 3," $2.9 million ($1 million international).
Estimated weekend ticket sales at international theaters (excluding the U.S. and Canada) for films distributed overseas by Hollywood studios, according to Rentrak:
1. "Man of Steel," $71.6 million.
2. "After Earth," $24 million.
3. "Fast & Furious 6," $20 million.
4."The Hangover Part III," $17.5 million.
5. "Star Trek Into Darkness," $17 million.
6. "Now You See Me," $15.6 million.
7. "The Great Gatsby," $9.9 million.
8. "Epic," $8.1 million.
9. "Secretly Greatly," $8 million.
10. "The Internship," $5.1 million.
Universal and Focus are owned by NBC Universal, a unit of Comcast Corp.; Sony, Columbia, Sony Screen Gems and Sony Pictures Classics are units of Sony Corp.; Paramount is owned by Viacom Inc.; Disney, Pixar and Marvel are owned by The Walt Disney Co.; Miramax is owned by Filmyard Holdings LLC; 20th Century Fox and Fox Searchlight are owned by News Corp.; Warner Bros. and New Line are units of Time Warner Inc.; MGM is owned by a group of former creditors including Highland Capital, Anchorage Advisors and Carl Icahn; Lionsgate is owned by Lions Gate Entertainment Corp.; IFC is owned by AMC Networks Inc.; Rogue is owned by Relativity Media LLC.
Follow AP Entertainment Writer Derrik J. Lang on Twitter at . http://www.twitter.com/derrikjlang
In post-Great Recession America, which is the bigger barrier to opportunity – race or class?
A decade ago, the U.S. Supreme Court kept the focus on race as a barrier, upholding the right of colleges to make limited use of racial preferences to ensure a diverse student body. But in a ruling due this month, the court is widely expected to roll back that decision. Such an outcome would shift attention more toward a less constitutionally controversial practice: giving a boost to socio-economically disadvantaged students, regardless of race.
If that happens, it would reflect more than just a more conservative makeup of the justices. Over the last decade, clogged social mobility and rising economic inequality have shifted the conversation on campuses and in the country as a whole.
As a barrier to opportunity, class is getting more attention, while race is fading.
"The cultural zeitgeist has changed," said Peter Sacks, author of the book "Tearing Down the Gates: Confronting the Class Divide in American Education."
"The Great Recession really exacerbated the vast and growing inequalities between rich and poor in America," he said. "Talking openly about class has been taboo," he added, but in recent years the evidence of widening inequality has mounted and it's become "OK for the so-called 99 percent to talk about the 99 percent."
The shift is perceptible in a range of ways:
_You can see it in polling, like surveys from the Pew Research Center, which shows the percentage of Americans who feel racial discrimination is the chief impediment to black progress is falling, from 37 percent in 1995 to 23 percent in 2012.
Polling on affirmative action varies widely depending on how questions are phrased, but an ABC News/Washington Post poll released Wednesday showed strong feelings about using race in college admissions: Just 22 percent of Americans support letting universities consider applicants' race as a factor, and 76 percent oppose the practice. The proportions supporting racial preferences were similar for blacks (19 percent) and Hispanics (29 percent) as for whites (20 percent).
_You can read it in the tone of recent opinion pieces penned even by left-leaning academics and columnists, whose support for racial preferences has eroded under a mountain of evidence that quality higher education is tilting further toward the already-wealthy.
_You can hear it, too – in conversations on elite college campuses, where the dearth of low-income students is replacing race as a topic of debate. And in the words of the first black president, who has said there's no good reason his own daughters should benefit from racial preferences when they apply to college.
The shifting debate has painted supporters of race-based affirmative action into a difficult corner. Most agree the barriers to low-income students are a serious problem that should be addressed, and of course, many minority students are also low-income.
But they acknowledge widening income inequality has made it harder to make their case that special attention to race remains justified.
"This is the first time you have whites thinking they face more discrimination than blacks do," said Camille Charles, a sociologist at the University of Pennsylvania who studies class and race. "You have people who have come to believe the system is set up to benefit black people at the expense of white people." Such beliefs, she said, reflect ignorance about the persistence of discrimination, about how much harder minorities were hit by the Great Recession, and about how affirmative action actually works (many incorrectly conflate "affirmative action" with "racial quotas," which the Supreme Court long ago ruled unconstitutional).
In his 2010 book "The Moral Consequences of Economic Growth," Harvard economic historian Benjamin Friedman charted how during periods of prosperity, societies throughout history have expanded opportunities to disadvantaged groups and become more open and inclusive. During economic struggle, by contrast, they typically close ranks.
The Great Recession was no exception, he said, persuading more Americans that efforts to ensure minorities are represented among the scarce slots at top universities are "a luxury they cannot afford," Friedman said by telephone.
A report released Thursday by the Lumina Foundation underscored the large and persistent achievement gaps between races in the United States: Nearly 60 percent of Asian adults have a college degree, compared to 43 percent of whites but just 27 percent of blacks and 19 percent of Hispanics.
More alarming are the numbers for those between 25 and 29 – an indicator of recent trends. Whites and Asians are doing better than their parents. Blacks, Hispanics and Native Americans are doing worse. That's a problem for everyone, said Lumina president and CEO Jamie Merisotis.
"Narrowing these gaps is a matter of economic and social collective self-interest," he said.
But other numbers in the same report revealed how profoundly family income determines how far you go in school: Four-fifths of 24-year-olds from families in the top quarter of income have college degrees, compared to just one in 10 in the bottom quartile.
Other research, while calling the black-white degree gap worrisome, concludes the gap measured by class alone is far broader. Students of all races from educated affluent families are seven times more likely to complete a bachelor's degree than students from low-income families with less education (68 percent compared to 9 percent).
One study of the freshmen entering the 193 most selective colleges in 2010 found two-thirds came from the top income quartile. Only 15 percent came from the bottom half of the country, income-wise.
At the top 20 law schools, another study found, more than three-quarters of students came from the richest income quartile.
"We continue to struggle with racial discrimination in this country, but class has become a far larger impediment to a person's life chances than race," said Richard Kahlenberg, a senior fellow at The Century Foundation, and a prominent advocate for replacing race-based affirmative action with class-conscious measures.
On college campuses, arguments over race and gender have predominated for decades, but the lack of socio-economic diversity is getting more attention. One sign of the trend is the emergence of a student group called "U/FUSED" (United for Undergraduate Socio-Economic Diversity), with chapters on about 20 prominent campuses. Chapters at campuses like Wesleyan University and Washington University in St. Louis have undertaken a range of efforts, from developing a financial literacy curriculum to lobbying for more financial aid.
But mostly, said Chase Sackett, who helped found the organization while an undergraduate at Washington University and is now a law student at Yale, the groups are getting people to talk about the previously taboo subjects of class, money and inequality.
College students are actually fairly accustomed to talking about race, he said, but class "was something that was under the rug." He said minority groups have been eager to join the conversation, seeing it as complementary to the issues they care about.
Kahlenberg, who informally advises the group, said such an organization would have been unthinkable in his own college days during the 1980s. But "the facts on the ground have changed." The test-score gap between blacks and whites, he noted, was once twice as big as the gap between rich and poor students. Now that's flipped and the income gap is twice as big as the racial one.
Sackett said he and the group don't necessarily oppose race-based affirmative action; they just want more efforts to deal with socio-economic diversity.
Indeed, many people ask, why not do both? Kahlenberg says he's all for that, but "universities never get around to the class part of the equation. They would rather have a class of fairly wealthy students of all races." A big obstacle is cost: By definition low-income students need more financial aid, while race-based preferences don't necessarily go to the neediest students. In fact, research has confirmed large proportions of minority students at selective colleges come from middle- and upper-income families.
Kahlenberg believes with some creativity, colleges can use class-based affirmative action to ensure racial diversity. That's happened at many schools in states where affirmative action is already banned. However, the broader consensus is that, at least in the short term and at the most elite schools, replacing race-based preferences with class-based efforts would cause minority enrollment to fall.
"Low-income will not replace diversity," said Ted Spencer, admissions director at the University of Michigan, which won the right to use race as an admissions factor in the 2003 Supreme Court case, but later lost it in a voter referendum. Michigan's numbers of minority students have not fully recovered.
But Spencer emphasized the court's justification for race-based affirmative action has never been only about minorities, or about rectifying society-wide discrimination, or about pitting racial barriers against class ones.
Rather, the court's justification was educational – that all students benefit from a racially diverse student body. Employers increasingly want students accustomed to working with people from different groups, and many students want that experience, too. If the court rules as expected, he's worried they'll have few options.
"As we prepare people for work and life," he said, "the absence of diversity on campus deprives all of our students of a very important part of their academic growth."
Lumina Foundation Report: http://www.luminafoundation.org/stronger_nation
Century Foundation report on alternative to race-based admissions: http://bit.ly/17JVWtw
Follow Justin Pope at http://www.twitter.com/JustinPopeAP
PHILADELPHIA — A man working on the roof of a Philadelphia apartment building fell through into one of the units, where a girl watching TV was hit by debris.
Police say the roofer landed on the couch and was not hurt. They say the 12-year-old girl was taken to a hospital with possibly two broken fingers.
The mishap occurred Saturday morning in northeast Philadelphia.
Police say the 60-year-old owner of the roofing company initially told authorities that he fell through into the apartment. However, investigators say it was actually a 38-year-old employee.
Police say company owner John Paul Kravchak, of Collingdale, was charged with making false reports to police. He declined to comment to WPVI-TV.
The city's Licenses and Inspections department is investigating.
LOS ANGELES — A look at key moments this past week in the wrongful death trial in Los Angeles between Michael Jackson's mother, Katherine Jackson, and concert giant AEG Live LLC, and what is expected at court in the week ahead:
Jackson's mother wants a jury to determine that the promoter of Jackson's planned comeback concerts didn't properly investigate Dr. Conrad Murray, who a criminal jury convicted of involuntary manslaughter for Jackson's June 2009 death. AEG's attorney says the case is about personal choice, namely Jackson's decision to have Murray serve as his doctor and give him doses of a powerful anesthetic as a sleep aid. Millions, possibly billions, of dollars are at stake.
WHAT HAPPENED THIS PAST WEEK
_ AEG Live CEO Randy Phillips told jurors he received conflicting information about Jackson's health just days before the singer's death, but was reassured by Jackson's personal physician that everything was fine. Phillips also said he thought Jackson looked good during a meeting five days before he died, alleviating his fears.
_ Phillips concluded his testimony after eight days on the stand and pointed questions from Katherine Jackson's attorney about his memory of events. The executive also tried to bolster AEG's contentions that it was Jackson's choice to hire Murray, telling jurors that the singer was a sophisticated, forceful businessman.
WHAT THE JURY SAW
_ Several minutes of footage of Jackson spinning and dancing during a rehearsal of his song "Billie Jean" during a "This Is It" rehearsal in June 2009.
_ A photo of a slender-looking Jackson in a T-shirt being dwarfed by shoulder elements of a costume he planned to wear. The image was shot on June 19, 2009, the day the singer had to be sent home from rehearsals because he was shivering and unable to eat on his own, according to emails from top tour workers.
_ "We seem to be talking about Michael like he's the 5-year-old lead singer of the Jackson Five. ... That was not the man I dealt with," Phillips said, describing the singer as a forceful businessman who dictated who he wanted to work with on the tour.
_ "You can't give up on people – that's not our job," Phillips said regarding working with entertainers who have documented problems of substance abuse.
OUTSIDE THE COURTROOM
_ Authorities released a dispatch call related to the hospitalization of Jackson's 15-year-old daughter, Paris. According to information from sheriff's deputies at the scene, Paris Jackson took 20 Motrin pills and cut her arm with a kitchen knife.
_ Jurors will likely hear from an expert witness and should see a return of Jackson's makeup artist, Karen Faye, whose cross-examination by an AEG attorney has been delayed by her work schedule and the availability of other witnesses.
CHRISTCHURCH, New Zealand (AP) — Google is launching Internet-beaming antennas into the stratosphere aboard giant, jellyfish-shaped balloons with the lofty goal of getting the entire planet online.
Eighteen months in the works, the top-secret project was announced Saturday in New Zealand, where up to 50 volunteer households are already beginning to receive the Internet briefly on their home computers via translucent helium balloons that sail by on the wind 12 miles above Earth.
While the project is still in the very early testing stages, Google hopes eventually to launch thousands of the thin, polyethylene-film inflatables and bring the Internet to some of the more remote parts of the globe, narrowing the digital divide between the 2.2 billion people who are online and the 4.8 billion who aren't.
If successful, the technology might allow countries to leapfrog the expense of installing fiber-optic cable, dramatically increasing Internet usage in places such as Africa and Southeast Asia.
"It's a huge moonshot, a really big goal to go after," said project leader Mike Cassidy. "The power of the Internet is probably one of the most transformative technologies of our time."
The so-called Project Loon was developed in the clandestine Google X lab that also came up with a driverless car and Google's Web-surfing eyeglasses.
Google would not say how much it is investing in the project or how much customers will be charged when it is up and running.
The first person to get Google Balloon Internet access this week was Charles Nimmo, a farmer and entrepreneur in the small town of Leeston who signed up for the experiment. Technicians attached a bright red, basketball-size receiver resembling a giant Google map pin to the outside of his home.
In a successful preliminary test, Nimmo received the Internet for about 15 minutes before the 49-foot-wide transmitting balloon he was relying on floated out of range. The first thing he did was check the weather forecast because he wanted to find out if it was a good time for "crutching" his sheep, or removing the wool around their rear ends.
Nimmo is among the many rural folk, even in developed countries, who can't get broadband access. After ditching his dial-up four years ago in favor of satellite Internet service, he has gotten stuck with bills that sometimes exceed $1,000 a month.
"It's been weird," Nimmo said of the Google Balloon Internet experience. "But it's been exciting to be part of something new."
In recent years, military and aeronautical researchers have used tethered balloons to beam Internet signals back to bases on Earth. Google's balloons would be untethered and out of sight, strung out in a line around the globe. They would ride the winds around the world while Google ground controllers adjusted their altitude to keep them moving along the desired route.
Ground stations about 60 miles apart would bounce Internet signals up to the balloons. The signals would hop backward from one balloon to the next to keep people continuously connected. Solar panels attached to the inflatables would generate electricity to power the Internet circuit boards, radios and antennas, as well as the onboard flight-control equipment.
Each balloon would provide Internet service for an area twice the size of New York City, or about 780 square miles, and because of their high altitude, rugged terrain is not a problem. The balloons could even beam the Internet into Afghanistan's steep and winding Khyber Pass.
"Whole segments of the population would reap enormous benefits, from social inclusion to educational and economic opportunities," said DePauw University media studies professor Kevin Howley.
Once in place, the light but durable balloons wouldn't interfere with aviation because they fly twice as high as airplanes and well below satellites, said Richard DeVaul, an MIT-trained scientist who founded Project Loon and helped develop Google Glass, eyeglasses with a tiny, voice controlled computer display.
In the U.S., however, Google would have to notify the Federal Aviation Administration when the balloons are on their way up or down. The company is talking with regulators in other countries about meeting their requirements.
The Internet signals travel in the unlicensed spectrum, which means Google doesn't have to go through the onerous regulatory processes required for Internet providers using wireless communications networks or satellites.
At this stage, the company is putting a few dozen balloons up over New Zealand and then bringing them down after a short period. Later this year, Google hopes to have as many as 300 of them circling the globe continuously along the 40th parallel, on a path that takes them over New Zealand, Australia, Chile and Argentina.
Covering the whole world would require thousands of the balloons. No timetable has been set for that.
Google chose New Zealand in part because of its remoteness. Some Christchurch residents were cut off from the Internet for weeks after a 2011 earthquake that killed 185 people. Google said balloon access could help places suffering natural disasters get back online quickly.
"The potential of a system that can restore connectivity within hours of a crisis hitting is tremendously exciting," said Imogen Wall at the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, although she warned that the service must be robust. "If the service fails in a crisis, then lives are lost."
Temple University communications professor Patrick Murphy warned of mixed consequences, pointing to China and Brazil as places where Internet service promoted democratic principles but also contributed to a surge in consumerism that has resulted in environmental and health problems.
"The nutritional and medical information, farming techniques, democratic principles those are the wonderful parts of it," he said. "But you also have everyone wanting to drive a car, eat a steak, drink a Coke."
Already the world's largest advertising network, Google stands to expand its own empire by bringing the Internet to more corners of the Earth. More users means more potential Google searchers, which in turn translates into more chances for the company to display ads.
Richard Bennett, a fellow with the nonprofit Information Technology and Innovation Foundation, was skeptical of the project, noting that smartphones are increasingly being used in developing countries.
"I'm really glad that Google is doing this kind of speculative research," he said. "But it remains to be seen how practical any of these things are."
Before heading to New Zealand, Google spent a few months secretly launching two to five flights a week in California's Central Valley.
"People were calling in reports about UFOs," DeVaul said.
Mendoza reported from Mountain View, Calif. Follow Martha Mendoza at http://twitter.com/mendozamartha
LOS ANGELES — Kevin Clash, the Elmo puppeteer who resigned amid allegations that he sexually abused underage boys, won three Daytime Emmy Awards for his work on "Sesame Street."
Clash won as outstanding performer in a children's series at the creative arts ceremony held Friday night. He shared trophies for outstanding pre-school children's series and directing in a children's series, giving Clash 26 Daytime Emmys for his work on the venerable PBS show.
He played Elmo for 28 years before quitting last November. Clash's lawyer has said that related lawsuits filed against the entertainer are without merit.
The main Daytime Emmys ceremony is Sunday in Beverly Hills.
WASHINGTON — Top U.S. intelligence officials said Saturday that information gleaned from two controversial data-collection programs run by the National Security Agency thwarted potential terrorist plots in the U.S. and more than 20 other countries – and that gathered data is destroyed every five years.
Last year, fewer than 300 phone numbers were checked against the database of millions of U.S. phone records gathered daily by the NSA in one of the programs, the intelligence officials said in arguing that the programs are far less sweeping than their detractors allege.
No other new details about the plots or the countries involved were part of the newly declassified information released to Congress on Saturday and made public by the Senate Intelligence Committee. Intelligence officials said they are working to declassify the dozens of plots NSA chief Gen. Keith Alexander said were disrupted, to show Americans the value of the programs, but that they want to make sure they don't inadvertently reveal parts of the U.S. counterterrorism playbook in the process.
The release of information follows a bruising week for U.S. intelligence officials who testified on Capitol Hill, defending programs that were unknown to the public – and some lawmakers – until they were revealed by a series of media stories in The Guardian and The Washington Post newspapers, leaked by former NSA contractor Edward Snowden, who remains in hiding in Hong Kong.
The disclosures have sparked debate and legal action against the Obama administration by privacy activists who say the data collection goes far beyond what was intended when expanded counterterrorism measures were authorized by Congress after the terror attacks of Sept. 11, 2001.
Intelligence officials said Saturday that both NSA programs are reviewed every 90 days by the secret court authorized by the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act. Under the program, the records, showing things like time and length of call, can only be examined for suspected connections to terrorism, they said.
The officials offered more detail on how the phone records program helped the NSA stop a 2009 al-Qaida plot to blow up New York City subways. They say the program helped them track a co-conspirator of al-Qaida operative Najibullah Zazi – though it's not clear why the FBI needed the NSA to investigate Zazi's phone records because the FBI would have had the authority to gather records of Zazi's phone calls after identifying him as a suspect, rather than relying on the sweeping collection program.
MINNEAPOLIS — A New Jersey woman widely known as "the tanning mom" was sent to a temporary detox facility after allegedly being intoxicated at the Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport.
Metropolitan Airports Commission spokesman Patrick Hogan says airport police were called to the Delta ticket counter Thursday because of an intoxicated woman.
Hogan says Patricia Krentcil wasn't arrested but was taken to a detox facility to sober up. He didn't know if or when she had been released. She couldn't be reached at her home number Saturday.
Krentcil was accused of child endangerment in April 2012 for allegedly taking her then 5-year-old daughter into a tanning booth. A grand jury declined to indict her.
Hogan says intoxicated travelers go to detox if they can't care for themselves or be released into another's custody.
JAMISON CITY, Pa. -- Four central Pennsylvania residents said they used only a rope and a flashlight during a wild chase to rescue a young bear whose head had been stuck in a plastic jar for at least 11 days.
The frightened but powerful bruin fell into a swimming pool at least twice during the ordeal, according to a report Saturday in the Press Enterprise of Bloomsburg (http://bit.ly/166z97k). But the group eventually yanked off the jar and set the animal free.
"I thought, `No one is going to believe us,'" said Morgan Laskowski, 22, the bartender at the Jamison City Hotel and a member of the impromptu bear-wrangling team.
Area residents first spotted the 100-pound bruin with its head in a red jar on June 3, but it eluded game wardens. The animal was attracted to the container because it appeared to have once contained cooking oil.
"He put his head in, and had a problem," said Mike Jurbala, 68, another rescuer. "He'd have died in a couple more days."
Jurbala saw the bear Thursday night as he was leaving the bar at the Jamison City Hotel. He called Jeff Hubler, a local employee of the state Game Commission who had been among those trying to capture it for days with a lasso.
The two teamed up with Laskowski and her mother, bar owner Jody Boyle, to follow the bear through the darkness.
"You knew where he was because you could hear him banging into things," Jurbala said.
They cornered the bear in a resident's backyard, where it ended up falling into a pool a couple of times. Eventually, they wrangled the animal into a position where Hubler could pull off the jar.
"You'd think the bear would be weak, because it hadn't eaten or drunk for a week, but it was strong," Boyle said.
Hubler said people should keep lids on food jars that they throw away.
Information from: Press Enterprise, http://www.pressenterpriseonline.com
LOS ANGELES — The woman who was kicked by Miguel during a Billboard Music Awards performance continues to suffer cognitive difficulties and has yet to receive any assistance from the R&B singer nearly a month after the incident, her attorney said.
Doctors continue to evaluate Khyati Shah's injuries, but the exchange student from New Zealand has memory loss issues and has been unable to sit for final exams, attorney Vip Bhola said in an interview Thursday.
He said despite efforts to find out more about rehearsals for Miguel's performance and seek help for his client, representatives for the singer and the awards show are practically daring him to sue.
Miguel's representatives have said Miguel is concerned for Shah's well-being and reached out to Bhola to see if they could help.
Bhola said while he's talked with Miguel's attorney, no assistance for his client's medical bills or other expenses have been offered.
The lawyer said Shah, 21, went to the Billboard Music Awards in Las Vegas and was excited at the prospect of seeing Miguel. The singer-songwriter leaped from one stage to another while singing his hit "Adorn," catching his leg on the back of Shah's head and slamming it into the platform.
Shah later appeared alongside Miguel in a televised interview holding an ice bag on her elbow, a move that Bhola said was offensive.
"They didn't rush her to the hospital," Bhola said. "Instead they rushed a camera to her and an ice pack" and took advantage of a "star-struck, dazed and injured person."
Producers of the Billboard Music Awards declined comment.
"Khyati's wellbeing has been and continues to be of the utmost concern to Miguel," the singer's spokeswoman wrote in a statement released earlier this month.
"She was a fan of Miguel and she's dumbfounded at how she's been treated," Bhola said.
"She had hoped they would truly care about her rather than merely caring about themselves and some imaginary lawsuit they are defending against," he said.
Shah is studying for dual-degrees in politics and philosophy at UCLA. Bhola said she had planned to return to New Zealand for the summer, but her travel will likely be delayed while she continues to undergo treatment and testing for her memory and language issues. He said she has trouble finding words and also has difficulty typing text messages without them turning out garbled.
Despite the issues, Bhola said a lawsuit is not guaranteed.
"The doctors really are in the driver's seat in this situation, not the lawyers," he said. "Once we have that information, we'll be able to make legal evaluations."
Anthony McCartney can be reached at http://twitter.com/mccartneyAP
NEW YORK — On the CBS documentary series "Brooklyn DA," the story line is simple: Can prosecutors put the bad guys away?
Behind the scenes, the drama unfolding at one of the nation's largest district attorney's offices is more complex, with an upcoming election and opponents threatening to unseat the longtime leader, a review of dozens of cases and a federal lawsuit by a man who was wrongfully convicted.
"I think there is definitely some damage control going on," said Alex Vitale, a Brooklyn College political sociology and criminology professor. "But it's important to keep in mind it's a huge staff. I don't think it's fair to say there is some kind of crisis in the day-to-day at the DA's office."
In Brooklyn, Charles "Joe" Hynes is a ubiquitous figure with a tough-on-crime persona that has won him diverse fans – and critics – throughout the borough. His office sees more than 1,500 new cases a week and handles more than 80,000 per year.
Hynes has gone further than most prosecutors with community outreach. He's created alternative-to-incarceration programs, a gun buyback program replicated citywide and a family justice center where victims of abuse can seek refuge and get help – in several languages.
"The guy is known nationally for being innovative. He is someone who will work and mentor and help others," said Scott Burns, the president of the National District Attorney's Association. "He is somebody who we think gets the big picture – it's not about convicting someone, it's about serving your community."
Hynes, 78, has been the Brooklyn district attorney for the past 23 years. He ran unopposed in 2009, but is being challenged in this year's Democratic primary on Sept. 10.
The six-part documentary about his office airs nationally on CBS and online, with the next episode airing June 22. It tracks prosecutors and cases that deal with sex trafficking, an art heist sting and the shooting death of New York City police Officer Peter Figoski in a botched robbery in 2010. Hynes rarely appears on air, and his prosecutors don't win every case.
In one episode, a prosecutor frets over whether a trap set for an accused art thief will fall through because the hidden cameras might be visible. In another, a homicide prosecutor frankly discusses a disappointing jury verdict.
Some cases on the documentary are mid-investigation, prompting some criticism by other prosecutors and defense attorneys who say they could be compromised by the undue publicity. But Michael Vecchione, head of the rackets division and a confidant of Hynes, insists the office took great pains not to jeopardize any cases.
"I think it's wonderful because it actually shows what an assistant district attorney goes through and how the job affects our lives," said Vecchione, who figures heavily into the show.
Susan Zirinsky, a senior executive producer at CBS overseeing "Brooklyn DA," said every effort was made not to disrupt the legal process in the cases they featured – and she emphasized that the network had no intention of influencing the local race.
"It wasn't about the election," she said. "We're a national program. I don't think in Des Moines, Iowa, they know that Joe Hynes is running for DA."
The network says it came up with the idea of the show and approached Hynes about it last fall.
Not surprisingly, Hynes' opponents hate the show. An attorney for DA candidate Abe George called it "nothing more than unabashed campaign puff-piece for Hynes, his office, and Michael Vecchione."
George took the network to court to get the show shelved on the grounds it was campaign propaganda that violated state laws on corporate donation limits. A Manhattan judge denied the request after hearing testimony from CBS executives and reviewing copies of emails they exchanged with Hynes' office.
Attorney Joel Rudin now wants to look at those emails in the hope that they may help build a high-stakes civil case for his client, Jabbar Collins, whose murder conviction was overturned in 2010 after he spent 16 years behind bars in the 1994 killing of a rabbi and landlord in Brooklyn.
In a $150 million lawsuit, Collins said the investigation – led by Vecchione – didn't turn over exculpatory documents, coerced witnesses and often held them against their will in hotel rooms. The office denied all wrongdoing.
"They're all allegations; none of them are true," Vecchione said. "The office has said a thousand times, not one single thing they said about me is true."
Hynes was ordered by a judge to give a deposition in the case.
He also recently ordered a review of more than 50 cases handled by a now-retired detective after a conviction was overturned and questions came up about the reliability of a drugged-out witness used in many of the cases. Ken Thompson, a former federal prosecutor who's also running for the office, has asked Gov. Andrew Cuomo to name a special prosecutor to do that review instead.
Thompson represented the maid at the center of the 2011 sex assault scandal involving former International Monetary Fund leader Dominique Strauss-Kahn. The criminal case against Strauss-Kahn fell apart over questions about the maid's credibility, but a lawsuit was settled privately last year.
"If District Attorney Hynes spent less time worrying about reality TV and more about delivering justice to victims, his office's reputation wouldn't be tarnished by a pattern of wrongful convictions and allegations of prosecutorial misconduct," he said.
But Burns of the district attorneys association, who is unrelated to the campaign, said there has been a national movement to encourage prosecutors to create conviction integrity teams. Some have been reticent to do it, but not Hynes.
"Joe Hynes has been at the forefront of that and for whatever reason they also come under intense criticism. It's kind of a damned-if-you-do, damned-if-you-don't position," he said.
Vitale said it's unlikely Hynes will be unseated, but there is a growing desire in the borough for fresh blood in the office.
"He can't do the job forever," he said.
Associated Press writers Jake Pearson and Tom Hays contributed to this report
LOS ANGELES -- Billy Ray Cyrus' wife has filed for divorce from the country singer after 19 years of marriage.
Court records show Tish Finley Cyrus filed Thursday in Los Angeles, citing irreconcilable differences. She's seeking custody of their teenage child and spousal support.
It's the couple's second divorce attempt. Billy Ray Cyrus filed for divorce in 2010 but later withdrew the petition.
The couple issued a joint statement seeking privacy for their family. They say they want to find a resolution that's in the best interests of their family.
The two got married in December 1993 and have three children together, including actress-musician Miley Cyrus.
Billy Ray Cyrus rose to fame in 1992 with his song "Achy Breaky Heart."
Celebrity website TMZ first reported the divorce.
WASHINGTON — In the months and early years after 9/11, FBI agents began showing up at Microsoft Corp. more frequently than before, armed with court orders demanding information on customers.
Around the world, government spies and eavesdroppers were tracking the email and Internet addresses used by suspected terrorists. Often, those trails led to the world's largest software company and, at the time, largest email provider.
The agents wanted email archives, account information, practically everything, and quickly. Engineers compiled the data, sometimes by hand, and delivered it to the government.
Often there was no easy way to tell if the information belonged to foreigners or Americans. So much data was changing hands that one former Microsoft employee recalls that the engineers were anxious about whether the company should cooperate.
Inside Microsoft, some called it "Hoovering" – not after the vacuum cleaner, but after J. Edgar Hoover, the first FBI director, who gathered dirt on countless Americans.
This frenetic, manual process was the forerunner to Prism, the recently revealed highly classified National Security Agency program that seizes records from Internet companies. As laws changed and technology improved, the government and industry moved toward a streamlined, electronic process, which required less time from the companies and provided the government data in a more standard format.
The revelation of Prism this month by the Washington Post and Guardian newspapers has touched off the latest round in a decade-long debate over what limits to impose on government eavesdropping, which the Obama administration says is essential to keep the nation safe.
But interviews with more than a dozen current and former government and technology officials and outside experts show that, while Prism has attracted the recent attention, the program actually is a relatively small part of a much more expansive and intrusive eavesdropping effort.
Americans who disapprove of the government reading their emails have more to worry about from a different and larger NSA effort that snatches data as it passes through the fiber optic cables that make up the Internet's backbone. That program, which has been known for years, copies Internet traffic as it enters and leaves the United States, then routes it to the NSA for analysis.
Whether by clever choice or coincidence, Prism appears to do what its name suggests. Like a triangular piece of glass, Prism takes large beams of data and helps the government find discrete, manageable strands of information.
The fact that it is productive is not surprising; documents show it is one of the major sources for what ends up in the president's daily briefing. Prism makes sense of the cacophony of the Internet's raw feed. It provides the government with names, addresses, conversation histories and entire archives of email inboxes.
Many of the people interviewed for this report insisted on anonymity because they were not authorized to publicly discuss a classified, continuing effort. But those interviews, along with public statements and the few public documents available, show there are two vital components to Prism's success.
The first is how the government works closely with the companies that keep people perpetually connected to each other and the world. That story line has attracted the most attention so far.
The second and far murkier one is how Prism fits into a larger U.S. wiretapping program in place for years.
Deep in the oceans, hundreds of cables carry much of the world's phone and Internet traffic. Since at least the early 1970s, the NSA has been tapping foreign cables. It doesn't need permission. That's its job.
But Internet data doesn't care about borders. Send an email from Pakistan to Afghanistan and it might pass through a mail server in the United States, the same computer that handles messages to and from Americans. The NSA is prohibited from spying on Americans or anyone inside the United States. That's the FBI's job and it requires a warrant.
Despite that prohibition, shortly after the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, President George W. Bush secretly authorized the NSA to plug into the fiber optic cables that enter and leave the United States, knowing it would give the government unprecedented, warrantless access to Americans' private conversations.
Tapping into those cables allows the NSA access to monitor emails, telephone calls, video chats, websites, bank transactions and more. It takes powerful computers to decrypt, store and analyze all this information, but the information is all there, zipping by at the speed of light.
"You have to assume everything is being collected," said Bruce Schneier, who has been studying and writing about cryptography and computer security for two decades.
The New York Times disclosed the existence of this effort in 2005. In 2006, former AT&T technician Mark Klein revealed that the company had allowed the NSA to install a computer at its San Francisco switching center, a key hub for fiber optic cables.
What followed was the most significant debate over domestic surveillance since the 1975 Church Committee, a special Senate committee led by Sen. Frank Church, D-Idaho, reined in the CIA and FBI for spying on Americans.
Unlike the recent debate over Prism, however, there were no visual aids, no easy-to-follow charts explaining that the government was sweeping up millions of emails and listening to phone calls of people accused of no wrongdoing.
The Bush administration called it the "Terrorist Surveillance Program" and said it was keeping the United States safe.
"This program has produced intelligence for us that has been very valuable in the global war on terror, both in terms of saving lives and breaking up plots directed at the United States," Vice President Dick Cheney said at the time.
The government has said it minimizes all conversations and emails involving Americans. Exactly what that means remains classified. But former U.S. officials familiar with the process say it allows the government to keep the information as long as it is labeled as belonging to an American and stored in a special, restricted part of a computer.
That means Americans' personal emails can live in government computers, but analysts can't access, read or listen to them unless the emails become relevant to a national security investigation.
The government doesn't automatically delete the data, officials said, because an email or phone conversation that seems innocuous today might be significant a year from now.
What's unclear to the public is how long the government keeps the data. That is significant because the U.S. someday will have a new enemy. Two decades from now, the government could have a trove of American emails and phone records it can tap to investigative whatever Congress declares a threat to national security.
The Bush administration shut down its warrantless wiretapping program in 2007 but endorsed a new law, the Protect America Act, which allowed the wiretapping to continue with changes: The NSA generally would have to explain its techniques and targets to a secret court in Washington, but individual warrants would not be required.
Congress approved it, with Sen. Barack Obama, D-Ill., in the midst of a campaign for president, voting against it.
"This administration also puts forward a false choice between the liberties we cherish and the security we provide," Obama said in a speech two days before that vote. "I will provide our intelligence and law enforcement agencies with the tools they need to track and take out the terrorists without undermining our Constitution and our freedom."
When the Protect America Act made warrantless wiretapping legal, lawyers and executives at major technology companies knew what was about to happen.
One expert in national security law, who is directly familiar with how Internet companies dealt with the government during that period, recalls conversations in which technology officials worried aloud that the government would trample on Americans' constitutional right against unlawful searches, and that the companies would be called on to help.
The logistics were about to get daunting, too.
For years, the companies had been handling requests from the FBI. Now Congress had given the NSA the authority to take information without warrants. Though the companies didn't know it, the passage of the Protect America Act gave birth to a top-secret NSA program, officially called US-98XN.
It was known as Prism. Though many details are still unknown, it worked like this:
Every year, the attorney general and the director of national intelligence spell out in a classified document how the government plans to gather intelligence on foreigners overseas.
By law, the certification can be broad. The government isn't required to identify specific targets or places.
A federal judge, in a secret order, approves the plan.
With that, the government can issue "directives" to Internet companies to turn over information.
While the court provides the government with broad authority to seize records, the directives themselves typically are specific, said one former associate general counsel at a major Internet company. They identify a specific target or groups of targets. Other company officials recall similar experiences.
All adamantly denied turning over the kind of broad swaths of data that many people believed when the Prism documents were first released.
"We only ever comply with orders for requests about specific accounts or identifiers," Microsoft said in a statement.
Facebook said it received between 9,000 and 10,000 requests for data from all government agencies in the second half of last year. The social media company said fewer than 19,000 users were targeted.
How many of those were related to national security is unclear, and likely classified. The numbers suggest each request typically related to one or two people, not a vast range of users.
Tech company officials were unaware there was a program named Prism. Even former law enforcement and counterterrorism officials who were on the job when the program went live and were aware of its capabilities said this past week that they didn't know what it was called.
What the NSA called Prism, the companies knew as a streamlined system that automated and simplified the "Hoovering" from years earlier, the former assistant general counsel said. The companies, he said, wanted to reduce their workload. The government wanted the data in a structured, consistent format that was easy to search.
Any company in the communications business can expect a visit, said Mike Janke, CEO of Silent Circle, a company that advertises software for secure, encrypted conversations. The government is eager to find easy ways around security.
"They do this every two to three years," said Janke, who said government agents have approached his company but left empty-handed because his computer servers store little information. "They ask for the moon."
That often creates tension between the government and a technology industry with a reputation for having a civil libertarian bent. Companies occasionally argue to limit what the government takes. Yahoo even went to court and lost in a classified ruling in 2008, The New York Times reported Friday.
"The notion that Yahoo gives any federal agency vast or unfettered access to our users' records is categorically false," Ron Bell, the company's general counsel, said recently.
Under Prism, the delivery process varied by company.
Google, for instance, says it makes secure file transfers. Others use contractors or have set up stand-alone systems. Some have set up user interfaces making it easier for the government, according to a security expert familiar with the process.
Every company involved denied the most sensational assertion in the Prism documents: that the NSA pulled data "directly from the servers" of Microsoft, Yahoo, Google, Facebook, AOL and more.
Technology experts and a former government official say that phrasing, taken from a PowerPoint slide describing the program, was likely meant to differentiate Prism's neatly organized, company-provided data from the unstructured information snatched out of the Internet's major pipelines.
In slide made public by the newspapers, NSA analysts were encouraged to use data coming from both Prism and from the fiber-optic cables.
Prism, as its name suggests, helps narrow and focus the stream. If eavesdroppers spot a suspicious email among the torrent of data pouring into the United States, analysts can use information from Internet companies to pinpoint the user.
With Prism, the government gets a user's entire email inbox. Every email, including contacts with American citizens, becomes government property.
Once the NSA has an inbox, it can search its huge archives for information about everyone with whom the target communicated. All those people can be investigated, too.
That's one example of how emails belonging to Americans can become swept up in the hunt.
In that way, Prism helps justify specific, potentially personal searches. But it's the broader operation on the Internet fiber optics cables that actually captures the data, experts agree.
"I'm much more frightened and concerned about real-time monitoring on the Internet backbone," said Wolf Ruzicka, CEO of EastBanc Technologies, a Washington software company. "I cannot think of anything, outside of a face-to-face conversation, that they could not have access to."
One unanswered question, according to a former technology executive at one of the companies involved, is whether the government can use the data from Prism to work backward.
For example, not every company archives instant message conversations, chat room exchanges or videoconferences. But if Prism provided general details, known as metadata, about when a user began chatting, could the government "rewind" its copy of the global Internet stream, find the conversation and replay it in full?
That would take enormous computing, storage and code-breaking power. It's possible the NSA could use supercomputers to decrypt some transmissions, but it's unlikely it would have the ability to do that in volume. In other words, it would help to know what messages to zero in on.
Whether the government has that power and whether it uses Prism this way remains a closely guarded secret.
A few months after Obama took office in 2009, the surveillance debate reignited in Congress because the NSA had crossed the line. Eavesdroppers, it turned out, had been using their warrantless wiretap authority to intercept far more emails and phone calls of Americans than they were supposed to.
Obama, no longer opposed to the wiretapping, made unspecified changes to the process. The government said the problems were fixed.
"I came in with a healthy skepticism about these programs," Obama explained recently. "My team evaluated them. We scrubbed them thoroughly. We actually expanded some of the oversight, increased some of the safeguards."
Years after decrying Bush for it, Obama said Americans did have to make tough choices in the name of safety.
"You can't have 100 percent security and also then have 100 percent privacy and zero inconvenience," the president said.
Obama's administration, echoing his predecessor's, credited the surveillance with disrupting several terrorist attacks. Leading figures from the Bush administration who endured criticism during Obama's candidacy have applauded the president for keeping the surveillance intact.
Jason Weinstein, who recently left the Justice Department as head of its cybercrime and intellectual property section, said it's no surprise Obama continued the eavesdropping.
"You can't expect a president to not use a legal tool that Congress has given him to protect the country," he said. "So, Congress has given him the tool. The president's using it. And the courts are saying `The way you're using it is OK.' That's checks and balances at work."
Schneier, the author and security expert, said it doesn't really matter how Prism works, technically. Just assume the government collects everything, he said.
He said it doesn't matter what the government and the companies say, either. It's spycraft, after all.
"Everyone is playing word games," he said. "No one is telling the truth."
Associated Press writers Eileen Sullivan, Peter Svensson, Adam Goldman, Michael Liedtke and Monika Mathur contributed to this report.
Contact the AP's Washington investigative team at DCinvestigations(at)ap.org
NEWARK, N.J. -- Some New Jersey bus commuters apparently have gotten an unexpected tour of the New York metro area they'd rather forget.
New Jersey Transit is investigating why a trip that normally takes about 45 minutes took nearly two hours more Thursday when the driver took a circuitous route into Manhattan's Port Authority bus terminal.
A passenger on the ill-fated trip tells Newark's The Star-Ledger newspaper (http://bit.ly/162JhxE) the driver seemed lost and passed the Secaucus (sih-KAW'-kuhs) train station several times, drove past outlet stores and eventually crossed the George Washington Bridge. Normally, the bus would go through the Lincoln Tunnel, several miles south.
Aileen Iosso tells the newspaper when passengers asked to be let off after the driver passed the bus terminal the driver yelled at them.
Information from: The (Newark, N.J.) Star-Ledger, http://www.nj.com
NEW YORK — Beyonce has settled a New York City lawsuit that said she didn't play fair in a deal for a video game structured around her.
Court records show the case was closed Friday after the Grammy Award-winning singer and Gate Five LLC agreed to drop it.
A lawyer for Gate Five says the terms are confidential. A lawyer for Beyonce hasn't returned a call seeking comment.
Gate Five had said Beyonce made a lucrative deal for a game called "Starpower: Beyonce," then demanded a new agreement and abandoned the project. The company says it lost its nearly $7 million investment and 70 people lost their jobs.
Beyonce's lawyers had said she was within her rights to get out of the deal because Gate Five didn't have needed financing.
SAN FRANCISCO -- Facebook and Microsoft Corp. representatives said that after negotiations with national security officials their companies have been given permission to make new but still very limited revelations about government orders to turn over user data.
The announcements Friday night come at the end of a week when Facebook, Microsoft and Google, normally rivals, had jointly pressured the Obama administration to loosen their legal gag on national security orders.
Those actions came after Edward Snowden, a 29-year-old American who works as a contract employee at the National Security Agency, revealed to The Guardian newspaper the existence of secret surveillance programs that gathered Americans' phone records and other data. The companies did not link their actions to Snowden's leaks.
Ted Ullyot, Facebook's general counsel, said in a statement that Facebook is only allowed to talk about total numbers and must give no specifics. But he said the permission it has received is still unprecedented, and the company was lobbying to reveal more.
Using the new guidelines, Ullyot said Facebook received between 9,000 and 10,000 government requests from all government entities from local to federal in the last six months of 2012, on topics including missing children investigations, fugitive tracking and terrorist threats. The requests involved the accounts of between 18,000 and 19,000 Facebook users.
The companies were not allowed to make public how many orders they received from a particular agency or on a particular subject. But the numbers do include all national security related requests including those submitted via national security letters and under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, or FISA, which companies had not previously been allowed to reveal.
The companies remain barred from revealing whether they've actually received FISA requests, and can only say that any they've received are included in the total reported figures.
Microsoft released similar numbers for the same period, but downplayed how much they revealed.
"We continue to believe that what we are permitted to publish continues to fall short of what is needed to help the community understand and debate these issues," John Frank, Microsoft's vice president and deputy general counsel said in a statement.
Frank said Microsoft received between 6,000 and 7,000 criminal and national security warrants, subpoenas and orders affecting between 31,000 and 32,000 accounts.
Both attorneys emphasized in their statements that those affected by the orders represent a "tiny fraction" of their huge user bases.
Google did not release its own numbers, saying late Friday that it was waiting to be able to reveal more specific and meaningful information.
"We have always believed that it's important to differentiate between different types of government requests," Google said in a statement. "We already publish criminal requests separately from national security letters. Lumping the two categories together would be a step back for users. Our request to the government is clear: to be able to publish aggregate numbers of national security requests, including FISA disclosures, separately."
Facebook repeated recent assurances that the company scrutinizes every government request, and works aggressively to protect users' data. Facebook said it has a compliance rate of 79 percent on government requests.
"We frequently reject such requests outright, or require the government to substantially scale down its requests, or simply give the government much less data than it has requested," Ullyot said." And we respond only as required by law."
MANCHESTER, Tennessee -- Even a former Beatle needs a moment standing on the main stage at Bonnaroo.
A few songs into his transcendent first set at the massive Bonnaroo Music & Arts Festival, Paul McCartney wrapped his arms around his signature Hofner bass and surveyed a crowd of 80,000 adoring fans.
"Hey, listen, I'm going to take a moment just to drink all this in for myself," McCartney said.
McCartney is one of the world's most recognizable musicians and showed why as he led a massive 2 1/2-hour sing-a-long of three dozen songs that included two encores Friday night.
Playing for a crowd consisting mostly of fans who were born a decade or more after the Beatles broke up in 1971, he lavishly revisited the Beatles, Wings and his own solo catalog, laying down hit after hit and playing two Beatles cuts he only recently began playing live for the first time – "Lovely Rita" and "Mr. Mustard."
McCartney, who turns 71 next week, acknowledged some cultural similarities between the generations, however.
"That's some pretty good weed I can smell," McCartney said as wispy puffs of smoke rose from hundreds of spots in the crowd. "What are you doing to me?"
McCartney took the time to talk about several songs, explaining his Beatles classic "Blackbird" was written about the civil rights struggle in Arkansas.
He noted songs he wrote for his wives over the years, took a moment to express support for incarcerated Russian punk rock band Pussy Riot after playing "Back in the USSR" and told a humorous story about Jimi Hendrix and Eric Clapton.
He also paid tribute to late Beatles members John Lennon and George Harrison. Drummer Ringo Starr and McCartney are the only surviving members of the genre-defining British rock band.
McCartney kicked off Harrison's biggest hit "Something" on the ukulele, playing in an unfamiliar time signature that gave the song new meaning, before strapping on a guitar to finish the song. And he played "Here Today" for his old songwriting partner Lennon, a song he wrote after Lennon was shot to death in 1980.
McCartney warned members of the crowd to never hold back their feelings, as he did with Lennon after the group broke up.
"That's it," McCartney said after finishing the song on a baby grand piano. "If you wait to tell someone you love them, it's too late."
The set only seemed to pick up speed as the night edged toward midnight. With the crowd yet to diminish, he played "Live and Let Die" accented by onstage pyrotechnics and fireworks.
The entire crowd joined in on "Hey, Jude" before McCartney and his four-piece band left the stage. He returned waving a Tennessee state flag and played a three-song encore that included "Day Tripper" and "Get Back."
He returned for a second encore that included a rollicking version of "Helter Skelter." A member of the crowd tossed McCartney a stuffed toy walrus, alluding to a cryptic nickname given to him by Lennon, and McCartney concluded his first show at Bonnaroo by singing "Carry That Weight" to the toy he placed atop his piano.
LOS ANGELES — Kobe Bryant will sit down with late-night host Jimmy Kimmel for a conversation at the Nokia Theatre on Aug. 15 to raise money toward eliminating homelessness in the Los Angeles area.
"Kobe Up Close" will feature the NBA star talking about his career and sharing some of his favorite stories with Kimmel. Tickets for the event range from $25 to $200.
All proceeds will benefit the Kobe & Vanessa Bryant Family Foundation, which is partnering with Cedars-Sinai Medical Center's Sports Spectacular to help underserved communities.
PITTSBURGH -- A 73-year-old man and his grandson have been arrested in a Pittsburgh drug raid after police say they found heroin bricks, drug packaging material and guns in a search of their home.
Police say they raided the home Friday morning after a three-month investigation by plainclothes officers.
They arrested Albert Martin and his 20-year-old grandson, Troy Martin. They say both will face drug charges, while the younger Martin also will face weapons charges.
A woman answering the phone at the Martin home says the men didn't do anything wrong.
Police say they found 24 bricks of heroin worth $12,000 and an ounce of cocaine worth $1,000. They also say they found two pistols with a 30-round magazine and $4,220 in cash.
WASHINGTON — House Republicans have modified a tough anti-abortion bill to include exceptions for rape and incest after the GOP sponsor of the legislation raised a firestorm by declaring that very few rapes result in pregnancies.
The legislation, which challenges the 1973 Roe v. Wade Supreme Court decision on a woman's right to abortion, would ban almost all abortions after a fetus reaches the age of 20 weeks. It is scheduled to come up for a vote in the full House next week.
On Wednesday, when the House Judiciary Committee considered the legislation, sponsor Trent Franks, R-Ariz., said that cases of "rape resulting in pregnancy are very low." He was speaking on a proposed Democratic amendment, defeated by Republicans, that would have made exceptions to the ban in cases involving rape and incest.
Franks later revised his remark, saying he meant to say that later-term abortions rarely are the result of rapes, but Democrats pounced on his statement, saying it was another example of Republicans showing their insensitivity toward women.
They compared it with the case of former Rep. Todd Akin, R-Mo., whose run for a Senate seat last year collapsed after he said the female body is capable of blocking pregnancies in the case of "legitimate rape."
The bill as approved by the Judiciary Committee on a party-line vote provides an exception to the ban only when an abortion is necessary to save a woman whose life is endangered by physical illnesses or injury.
But the legislation as posted Friday by the Rules Committee, which determines the procedures for next week's floor debate, included a new exception if "the pregnancy is the result of rape, or the result of incest against a minor," and the rape or incest has been reported to appropriate authorities prior to the abortion.
House Majority Leader Eric Cantor, R-Va., asked about possible changes to the bill Friday during a floor discussion with Democratic Whip Steny Hoyer of Maryland, responded that "there's been a lot of discussion that I have been receiving, comments, input from members, and we're looking at weighing those suggestions and inputs."
Republicans determined to reverse their poor performance among women in recent elections have been quick to counter criticisms that they stand for anti-women policies.
The "Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act" is similar to laws in several states that have been ruled unconstitutional or face court challenges, but the vote in the House next week will give social conservatives a rare chance to express their views on one of their most important issues. The Democratic-led Senate will probably never take up the bill.
ALBANY, N.Y. — The top official at the U.S. Military Academy improperly allowed subordinates to give driving lessons, didn't properly compensate those who worked at a charity dinner and misused his position to obtain cat care, according to a report from Pentagon investigators.
The Department of Defense inspector general concluded that West Point superintendent Lt. Gen. David Huntoon misused his position, government resources and personnel, according to a heavily redacted report released to The Associated Press on Friday in response to a Freedom of Information Act request.
West Point officials said they would not comment on the report, which said Huntoon took full responsibility and repaid the affected parties $1,815 based on prevailing labor rates.
The report said the Army inspector general conducted a preliminary inquiry in 2010 into allegations Huntoon improperly allowed an employee to get government quarters at West Point based on a "personal relationship" with her. The Army investigators determined those allegations were unfounded.
The separate Pentagon investigation found Huntoon improperly used government personnel, accepted gifts of services from subordinates and misused his position.
In the case of the charity dinner, workers were paid with $30 and $40 Starbucks gift cards, which investigators said was "not sufficient."
Redactions in the report make it impossible to determine the complete nature of most episodes or details about the people involved in them.
For example, the report says Huntoon misused his position to get cat-feeding help for a friend, but it was unclear who was feeding the cats and who the friend was. It also is unclear which relative or friend received driving lessons.
Military officials first disclosed in April that an inspector general's investigation found Huntoon had engaged in misconduct, but they did not release specifics about the report. At that time, the Army said Huntoon had no pending disciplinary action against him.
The report released Friday called for the secretary of the Army to "consider appropriate corrective action" in regards to Huntoon.
In a statement, an Army spokesman said the report was referred to the vice chief of staff of the Army, who is responsible for handling disciplinary actions. Lt. Col. Justin Platt said that on October 5, 2012, Huntoon was issued a "written memorandum of concern, which admonished him for the improper use of subordinate personnel for unofficial purposes."
Platt said the report found that Huntoon improperly used two enlisted aides for unofficial functions at his headquarters and that a subordinate employee "improperly provided driving lessons to a family member of LTG Huntoon."
Huntoon, a 1973 West Point graduate, will retire this summer after three years as superintendent. Army officials have said the retirement comes after 40 years of service and is not related to the investigation.
The investigation into his actions was among a series of negative stories from the venerable academy on the Hudson River.
An Army sergeant assigned to West Point was charged last month with secretly photographing and videotaping at least a dozen women at the academy, including in a bathroom. And West Point's men's rugby team is temporarily disbanded after cadets forwarded emails that were derogatory to women.
AUSTIN, Texas -- Surrounded by sleigh bell-ringing Santa Claus impersonators, Gov. Rick Perry on Thursday signed a law protecting Christmas and other holiday celebrations in Texas public schools from legal challenges – but also stressed that freedom of religion is not the same thing as freedom from religion.
It was a serious tone for an otherwise fun bill-signing and should bolster the governor's Christian conservative credentials before he travels to Washington for the Faith & Freedom Coalition's "Road to Majority" conference with the likes of tea party darlings and U.S. Sens. Marco Rubio of Florida, Kentucky's Rand Paul and fellow Texan Ted Cruz.
Dubbed the "Merry Christmas bill," the bipartisan measure sailed through the state House and Senate to reach Perry's desk.
It removes legal risks of saying "Merry Christmas" in schools while also protecting traditional holiday symbols, such as a menorah or nativity scene, as long as more than one religion and a secular symbol are also reflected.
"I realize it's only June. But it's a good June and the holidays are coming early this year," Perry said. "It's a shame that a bill like this one I'm signing today is even required, but I'm glad that we're standing up for religious freedom in this state. Religious freedom does not mean freedom from religion."
During the last Sunday of the legislative session on May 26, Rep. Donna Howard, an Austin Democrat, gave the Texas House's daily prayer.
"We are fortunate to live in a country where we have the freedom to exercise the religion of our choosing while also being free from having any religion imposed upon us," said Howard, herself a Unitarian Universalist.
Her words prompted some conservative lawmakers to hold their own, separate prayer session moments later.
Perry did not mention Howard or her prayer, but invited to the signing ceremony cheerleaders from Kountze High School in East Texas. They were briefly barred by their school district from displaying banners with Bible verses at football games. Perry decried the ban and a judge eventually ruled it violated students' free speech rights.
The governor said the law was for believers such as the Kountze cheerleaders, who wore red "I cheer for Christ" T-shirts.
The Faith & Freedom Coalition is a conservative, grass-roots advocacy group whose conference runs through the weekend. Perry heads to Washington on Friday.
The bill's sponsor, Republican Rep. Dwayne Bohac of Houston, said he drafted it after discovering that his son's school erected a "holiday tree" in December because any mention of Christmas could spark litigation.
"We hope that this is a fire that will take off and become laws in the other 49 states," said Bohac.
The proposal has drawn little public opposition. Tom Hargis, a spokesman for the American Civil Liberties Union of Texas, declined to comment beyond a statement that "we hope administrators and teachers remain mindful that it's an important role of parents to teach their children about matters of faith, not our public schools."
Bohac said Perry "is not a governor that shirks away from the tough issues. And this should not be a tough issue, which is what's even amazing about all this. But this is just political correctness that's run amok and our brains have completely fallen out as a result."
As Perry signed, 10 members of a group called the Lone Star Santas – with long white beards but wearing colorful summer garb rather than their traditional red suits – cheered and rang bells. Standing behind Perry's desk was Glenn Westberry, or "Santa G" from Houston, and Rabbi Zev Johnson of the Rohr Chabad Jewish Center at the University of Texas.
Both cheered the measure, with Westberry saying he has been "persona non grata in Texas schools for too long." Johnson joked, "I thought this was the `Happy Hanukkah' law."
WASHINGTON — The House overwhelmingly passed a sweeping, $638 billion defense bill on Friday that imposes new punishments on members of the armed services found guilty of rape or sexual assault as outrage over the crisis in the military has galvanized Congress.
Ignoring a White House veto threat, the Republican-controlled House voted 315-108 for the legislation, which would block President Barack Obama from closing the U.S. detention facility at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and limit his efforts to reduce nuclear weapons.
The House bill containing the provisions on sex-related crimes that the Obama administration supports as well as the detention policies that it vigorously opposes must be reconciled with a Senate version before heading to the president's desk. The Senate measure, expected to be considered this fall, costs $13 billion less than the House bill – a budgetary difference that also will have to be resolved.
The defense policy bill authorizes money for aircraft, weapons, ships, personnel and the war in Afghanistan in the fiscal year beginning Oct. 1 while blocking the Pentagon from closing domestic bases.
Shocking statistics that as many as 26,000 military members may have been sexually assaulted last year and high-profile incidences at the service academies and in the ranks pushed lawmakers to tackle the growing problem of sexual assault. A single case of a commander overturning a conviction – a decision that even Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel couldn't change – drove Congress to act swiftly.
Both the House and Senate were determined to shake up the military's culture in ways that would ensure victims that if they reported crimes, their allegations wouldn't be discounted or their careers jeopardized.
"This is a self-inflicted wound that has no place in the military," Rep. Tammy Duckworth, D-Ill., who lost both legs and partial use of an arm in a rocket-propelled grenade attack in Iraq, told her colleagues in the final moments of debate on Friday.
The House bill would require a mandatory minimum sentence of two years in prison for a member of the armed services convicted of rape or sexual assault in a military court.
Officers, commissioned warrant officers, cadets and midshipmen convicted of rape, sexual assault, forcible sodomy or attempts to commit those offenses also would be dismissed. Enlisted personnel and noncommissioned warrant officers convicted of similar crimes would be dishonorably discharged.
The bill also would strip military commanders of the power to overturn convictions in rape and sexual assault cases.
Duckworth and several other Democratic women made a last-ditch effort to change the bill to allow a victim to choose whether the Office of Chief Prosecutor or the commander in the victim's chain of command decides whether the case would go to trial. They argued that the bill did not go far enough.
Their effort failed, 225-194, but in an emotional moment on the House floor, a wheelchair-bound Duckworth received kisses, hugs and handshakes after her plea.
Despite last-minute lobbying by Obama counterterrorism adviser Lisa Monaco, the House soundly rejected Obama's repeated pleas to shutter Guantanamo. In recent weeks, the president implored Congress to close the facility, citing its prohibitive costs and its role as a recruiting tool for extremists.
A new hunger strike by more than 100 of the 166 prisoners protesting their conditions and indefinite confinement have prompted the fresh calls for closure. Obama is pushing to transfer approved detainees – there are 86 – to their home countries and lift a ban on transfers to Yemen. Fifty-six of the 86 are from Yemen.
"They represent some of the most dangerous terrorists in the world," said Rep. Jackie Walorski, R-Ind., who argued that Yemen as a destination made no sense since it is home to an active al-Qaida affiliate.
Countering her argument, Rep. Adam Smith, D-Wash., said the nation's intelligence experts have determined that the detainees are an acceptable risk for release and hardly a grave threat to the country.
"Holding them forever is un-American," he said.
The senior Democrat on the House Armed Services Committee, Smith said U.S. maximum security prisons are perfectly capable of holding terrorists, with some 300 terrorists, including some of the most notorious, currently incarcerated.
The House voted down Smith's amendment to close the naval detention center by Dec. 31, 2014, on a 249-174 vote. It also backed Walorski's amendment to stop the president from transferring any detainees to Yemen. That vote was 236-188.
Smith said his staff worked with the White House to win votes for the amendment.
"We floated this out, they said they support it, and they've been lobbying to get votes for it," he said just before the vote.
The restrictions in the House bill put it at odds with the Democratic-controlled Senate.
The Senate Armed Services Committee's bill gives the Defense Department additional flexibility to transfer Guantanamo detainees to the U.S. and other countries, with the objective of closing the detention facility there.
But, in a move that reflects deep divisions on Capitol Hill over Guantanamo's future, the committee did not hold votes on the provision in the bill, opting instead to have that debate when the legislation moves to the Senate floor.
In its current form, the Senate committee's legislation would permit transfer of terror suspects to the U.S. if the Pentagon determines that doing so is in the interests of national security and that any public safety issues have been addressed, the committee said Friday in a statement detailing the bill's major provisions.
Detainees could be moved to foreign countries if they are determined to no longer be a threat to U.S. security, the transfers are pursuant to court orders, or the individuals have been tried and acquitted, or have been convicted and completed their sentences.
Transfers to third countries also could occur if the Pentagon determines the move supports U.S. national security interests and steps have been taken "to substantially mitigate the risk of the detainee re-engaging in terrorist activities," the committee said.
There are still restrictions, "but there is greater flexibility provided," Chairman Carl Levin, D-Mich., told reporters Thursday night. But the committee's senior Republican, Sen. James Inhofe of Oklahoma, said he would fight to have the transfer authority stripped out of the committee's bill when it comes to the Senate floor this fall.
Inhofe called Guantanamo "a great asset, a great resource" that needs to stay open.
During two-plus days of House debate, defense hawks prevailed over fiscal hawks as the House rejected two attempts to cut the overall amount of spending authorized in the bill. Democratic Rep. Chris Van Hollen of Maryland joined forces with Republican Rep. Mick Mulvaney of South Carolina to trim $5 billion that the Armed Services Committee had added to the bill for war costs.
Mulvaney argued that "simply spending more money than the Defense Department asks for doesn't mean we're stronger on defense." Van Hollen called the money a "slush fund."
The House also rejected a measure by Rep. Betty McCollum, D-Minn., to cut $53 million that the Army National Guard spends for World Wrestling Federation and NASCAR sponsorships. McCollum had argued that as the military bemoans the automatic, across-the-board budget cuts, the money could be better spent elsewhere.
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MOSCOW — It was another Soviet first in space 50 years ago – putting a woman in orbit. And 26-year old Valentina Tereshkova carried her part with grace, shouting "Take off your hat, sky, I'm coming!" as she blasted off.
President Vladimir Putin praised her during a meeting at his residence Friday, marking the anniversary of her flight, which came a little more than two years after the Soviet Union put the first man into orbit. Putin awarded her the Order of Alexander Nevsky for meritorious public service, one of the highest Russian honors.
Tereshkova's three-day mission instantly made her a global celebrity and a poster image for Soviet space glory.
However, behind the scenes there were strong concerns about the flight and Tereshkova's account of the mission differs dramatically from recollections of other veterans of the nation's space program.
Recalling her flight, the 76-year old cosmonaut says she felt no fear despite what she described as a glitch that might have stranded her in space. Others have faulted her performance and questioned whether she was able to deal with an emergency on descent.
Soviet space officials started considering a space mission by a woman soon after Yuri Gagarin's flight in April 1961, seeing it as another chance to advertise the nation's prowess.
To make the mission even more spectacular for propaganda purposes, Moscow decided to score another first by making it the first simultaneous flight of two spaceships. Valery Bykovsky blasted off aboard the Vostok-5 ship on June 14, 1963, and Tereshkova followed him on June 16.
Tereshkova, who was given the call sign of Chaika (Seagull), blasted off faultlessly and stayed in good shape until day two, when flight controllers noted that she was slow or unable to fulfill their commands and looked tired and unresponsive.
"She sounded apathetic in conversations with ground control," Vladimir Yazdovsky, the chief doctor of the Soviet space program wrote in his memoirs. "She largely limited her movements and kept sitting almost motionless."
Yazdovsky said Tereshkova felt unwell because of weightlessness, and Sergei Korolyov, considered the father of Russia's space program, was so concerned about her condition that he suggested an early landing. Officials decided, however, to stick to the original plan for a three-day mission.
Korolyov's deputy, Boris Chertok, later recalled in his chronicle of the Soviet space program that worries about Tereshkova were exacerbated by her failure to properly align the ship during a simulation testing her ability to perform a manual landing in case of autopilot failure during descent.
Her ship landed faultlessly in automatic mode on June 19, 1963, but Chertok said that Korolyov and others spent yet another agonizing moment when Tereshkova failed to communicate with ground controllers during the descent.
Tense moments of Tereshkova's mission remained hidden from the public until the Soviet collapse when top figures in the space program spoke about it for the first time. Tereshkova dismissed all the talk about her feeling unwell during the flight as groundless speculation.
Tereshkova told reporters last week that engineers made a mistake in designing the ship's controls, which would have left her stranded if she hadn't noticed it in time.
"It was programmed to raise the orbit instead of landing," she said. "I put the new data in and it worked fine."
Tereshkova said that Korolyov himself pleaded with her after the flight to keep the flaw secret: "He told me: `Chayechka (a nickname for Chaika), please don't talk about it.'"
She said she kept the promise and only spoke about it because a space engineer disclosed the glitch in 1993.
Chertok and other top figures in the Russian space program told a sharply different story, saying that Tereshkova simply couldn't pilot the ship in manual mode during in-orbit training. Chertok recalled Tereshkova's meeting with engineers focusing on the issue that involved a private conversation with Korolyov, from which she emerged teary-eyed.
Doctors also had their share of complaints. Yazdovsky wrote that after landing in the Altai region in southern Siberia, Tereshkova drank horse's milk and ate food offered to her by local farmers, giving them what was left of her space ration in violation of medical regulations. He also claimed that Tereshkova cleaned the mess on the ship after her landing and made retrospective entries in the ship's log, making it impossible for doctors to objectively evaluate her condition.
Tereshkova received a hero's welcome after the flight and was showered with awards. A few months later she married cosmonaut Andrian Nikolayev with Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev presiding over the wedding party.
Tereshkova moved on to an official career, holding various jobs and honorary titles. She now holds a Parliament seat on the ticket of the main Kremlin party, serving as deputy chairman of the foreign affairs committee in the lower house.
LOS ANGELES -- A farewell note left behind by the Santa Monica gunman expressed remorse for the killing of his father and brother but provided no explanation for the rampage that left them and three others dead.
Police Chief Jacqueline Seabrooks said that the three- to four-page handwritten note was found on John Zawahri's body after he was shot and killed June 7 by officers on the campus of Santa Monica College.
The 23-year-old Zawahri also used the note to say goodbye to friends and expressed hope that his mother would be taken care of and receive recompense from his father's estate.
investigators believe mental illness played a role in the killings, Seabrooks said at a news conference Thursday.
"We know his was a troubled life and that he experienced mental health challenges," Seabrooks said. "We believe that his mental health challenges likely played a role in his decisions to shoot and kill both his father and his brother, to set fire to the family home, and to go on a 13-minute shooting spree spanning roughly 1.5 miles and which left five innocent people dead and three people injured."
Zawahri apparently built his own .223-caliber assault rifle, using it to shoot his father and brother before he set fire to their family home, officials said earlier Thursday.
Zawahri's mother was out of the country visiting family in Lebanon during Friday's rampage but cut short her trip and returned home Sunday. She has been interviewed by detectives.
Seabrooks said the semi-automatic weapon appears to have been built with component parts that are legal to obtain, but put together make the rifle illegal in California.
She said he also modified an antique black-powder .44 revolver so that it could hold .45-caliber ammunition; it was loaded during the shooting and he carried it with him in a duffel bag.
Zawahri's rampage ended when police killed him in the Santa Monica College library Friday. To get there, he had carjacked a woman, directing her to the college and having her stop so he could fire at vehicles and strangers. Police still did not know why he chose to go to the college, why he targeted those killed or why he chose that day.
Santa Monica police plan to work with the FBI to understand Zawahri's psychological makeup and motivation, Seabrooks said.
Officials said Thursday that the fire at Zawahri's father's home, which erupted soon after neighbors heard shots fired, was intentionally set.
An official, who was not authorized to speak publicly and spoke on condition of anonymity, said the fires were started in a front living room and atop one of two twin beds in another room. Several boxes of matches were also found in the bedroom.
Firefighters found the bodies of the gunman's father and brother in a back bedroom that was uninvolved in the blaze. The house was found unkempt with files and papers scattered throughout, providing ample kindling.
In Zawahri's bedroom, investigations found illegal zip guns, Seabrooks said. They also found ample evidence of his fascination with weapons, including four replica airsoft pellet guns, knives and gun magazines, said Sgt. Richard Lewis. Investigators also found materials that indicate he likely assembled the weapon.
Police said Zawahri bought a lower receiver that was only 80 percent complete. Because it is not complete and not considered a full weapon, a person isn't required to go through a background check to get one, nor does the part need to have a serial number.
Though Zawahri fired about 100 rounds during the rampage, police said he was carrying 1,300 rounds of ammunition in magazines that were capable of holding 30 rounds each. Such high-capacity magazines are illegal to purchase, sell or transfer in California. Possession is not illegal. He also had a spare upper receiver and the antique revolver with him in a duffel bag.
Zawahri's last reported contact with law enforcement was seven years ago, when bomb-making materials were found at his house during a search prompted by threats to students, teachers and campus police officers at Olympic High, a school for students with academic or disciplinary issues.
The Santa Monica-Malibu school board was briefed at the time by school administrators after police found Zawahri was learning to make explosives by downloading instructions from YouTube, school board member Oscar de la Torre said.
Retired police officer Cristina Coria, who helped serve the search warrant, said Zawahri was hospitalized for psychiatric evaluation at the time. She didn't know the outcome of the evaluation.
Police declined to provide further details, saying Zawahri was a minor at the time. But once a person is held for such an exam, they cannot access or possess firearms for five years.
In the case of Zawahri, that prohibition would have expired in 2011.
Police said Thursday that in 2011, Zawahri tried to buy a weapon but was denied by the California Department of Justice, likely because of that 2006 incident.
Despite that denial, Seabrooks said, Zawahri was able to buy the component parts to build his own weapon and obtain an array of magazines.
Santa Monica police said they will work with the ATF to understand how he came to possess these gun components, Seabrooks said.
Tami Abdollah can be reached at . http://www.twitter.com/latams
WASHINGTON -- Attorney General Eric Holder says national security has been damaged as a result of leaks about a pair of government surveillance programs and that the U.S. will punish the person who is responsible.
The attorney general made the comment in Dublin, Ireland, when asked by reporters why the U.S. hasn't taken steps to arrest former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden.
Holder said the government is investigating and that he is confident the person who is responsible will be held accountable.
The attorney general was in Dublin for meetings with his law-enforcement counterparts.
FLAGSTAFF, Ariz. (AP) — Residents of a Flagstaff neighborhood scurried to put out a fire started by three juveniles burning ants with a magnifying glass.
The Arizona Daily Sun (http://bit.ly/17M6tV2 ) that the juveniles included 13- and 14-year-old girls as well as a boy whose age wasn't stated.
The two girls tried to stomp out the fire while the boy ran away when the fire started Wednesday.
A neighbor told police he heard a commotion and saw flames when he went outside. The man strung together garden hoses and sprayed water on the fire, while another neighbor used a bucket to toss water on the flames.
Firefighters arrived and hosed down the area to make sure the 10-by-20-foot fire was fully out.
The girls were referred to juvenile court to face allegations of reckless burning.
LONDON — Police say a man has been charged with allegedly spraying paint on a portrait of Queen Elizabeth II that is hanging in Westminster Abbey.
Tim Haries is due to appear in a London court Friday charged with criminal damage over 5,000 pounds ($7,800).
The 41-year-old was arrested at the abbey Thursday after a portrait of the monarch by Australian artist Ralph Heimans was defaced with paint.
The dads' rights group Fathers 4 Justice said Haries was a member and had painted the word "help" on the 9-foot by 11-foot (2.5-meter by 3.4-meter) canvas.
Heimans' portrait, which depicts the queen on the spot in the abbey where she was crowned, was commissioned last year to mark the monarch's 60 years on the throne.
MANCHESTER, Tenn. — It's Jack Johnson to the rescue at Bonnaroo.
Johnson has agreed to take the Saturday night headlining slot at the Bonnaroo Music & Arts Festival after Mumford & Sons were forced to cancel due to bassist Ted Dwane's illness.
Festival officials announced the move Friday morning. The "Upside Down" singer last headlined at Bonnaroo in 2008.
"I called my band and asked if they were up for it," Johnson said in a statement. "Long story short – they are headed this way. I've got a lot of lyrics and chords to relearn by Saturday night. I was here to play the first Bonnaroo, and it is a very special festival to my band. We are excited to hit the stage again. Get well Ted!"
Mumford & Sons' decision comes after Dwane received treatment this week for a blood clot on his brain. The band postponed three shows in Dallas and Woodlands, Texas, and New Orleans after the blood clot was discovered but hoped to play Bonnaroo on Saturday night.
Dwane has been discharged from the hospital and is recovering from the procedure but is not yet ready to play. Rather than perform with a replacement, the London-based, Grammy-award-winning folk rock band decided to pull out. The band also canceled appearances at the Telluride Festival in Colorado and a performance in Bonner, Kan., ending their summer tour early.
"The surgery went well, and the excellent medical team helping him are very pleased with his progress," a band statement said. "He has been nothing short of heroic in how he has handled the whole ordeal, and now it has been medically proved that he does indeed have a brain."
It was a case of right place, right time for Johnson.
The 38-year-old Hawaiian folk-rock singer was in town to play with friends ALO on Thursday night. He also was already scheduled to be in Manchester this weekend to perform a small secret show for reporters and participate in a question-and-answer session to promote his new album, "From Here To Now To You," which is due out in September.
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NEW YORK (AP) — Microsoft's Office software package is coming to the iPhone for the first time Friday, offering people the ability to read and edit their text documents, spreadsheets and slide presentations at the doctor's office or at a soccer game.
The company isn't making an iPad version, though, nor is it offering the app on Android devices. Microsoft Corp. is treading a fine line as it tries to make its $100-a-year Office subscription more compelling, without removing an advantage that tablet computers running Microsoft's Windows system now have — the ability to run popular Office programs such as Word, Excel and PowerPoint.
Office Mobile for iPhone is available free through Apple's app store, but an Office 365 subscription is required to use it. That subscription lets you use Office on up to five Mac and Windows computers for the annual fee. A subscription can be more expensive than buying the package outright for just one or two computers, but the iPhone version won't be sold separately for those who resist the recurring fee.
Microsoft has been pushing subscriptions as a way to get customers to keep paying for a product that has historically been sold in a single purchase. The company touts such benefits as the ability to run the package on multiple computers and get updates for free on a regular basis. Microsoft said it wants to give customers yet another reason to embrace subscriptions by offering Office on the iPhone only with a subscription.
Chris Schneider, a marketing manager with Microsoft's Office team, would not comment on any plans for the iPad or Android. Office is available on those devices through a Web browser, but it's not as rich or powerful as having stand-alone software installed directly on the device. The Web app also requires an Internet connection, something not always available with many tablets.
The regular version of Office works on Windows 8 tablets, and most of the features are available on a version designed for tablets running a lightweight version of Windows called RT. Customers needing to use Office on a larger screen than a phone might be drawn to the Windows tablets, which have lagged behind in sales and cachet compared with Apple's iPad and various devices running Google's Android system.
The iPhone app will come with Word, Excel and PowerPoint and will sync with Microsoft's SkyDrive online storage service. Microsoft said people will be able to pick up a Word document exactly where they left off on another computer tied to the same account, while comments they add to a Word or Excel file will appear when they open it up on another machine.
Although documents will be reformatted to fit the phone's screen, the company said the iPhone app will preserve charts, animation, comments and other key properties. That's not always the case with programs offered by Google and other companies to work with Office files on mobile devices.
But Microsoft said the app won't offer the same range of features available on regular computers.
It's meant for lightweight editing, not complex calculations or heavy graphical work, Schneider said. Someone about to give a speech can review a PowerPoint presentation and fix a typo, for instance. Someone getting a Word or Excel document as an email attachment can add comments or make changes, then send it back, either as an email attachment or through a sharing feature on SkyDrive.
Rather than have it do everything, Schneider said, "we designed the Office Mobile for iPhone to meet the scenarios that make the most sense."
The iPhone app also won't have Outlook for email, Publisher for desktop publishing and Access for databases. Microsoft's OneNote software for note-taking has been available for free separately for iPhones and iPads.
People with Office 365 subscriptions will be able to run the new app on up to five iPhones, in addition to the five Mac or Windows computers. People in the United States will be able to get it from Apple's app store Friday. Availability in other countries will follow in the coming days.
Microsoft, which is based in Redmond, Washington, already makes a version for phones running its Windows Phone 8 operating system. An Office 365 subscription isn't required for that, and those apps do not count toward the five mobile devices permitted for each subscription.
NEW YORK — There was plenty of applause heard during the Tony Awards – and perhaps no place louder than from as far away as Pittsburgh.
Six alumni from Carnegie Mellon University took home Tonys in five categories, a glittery haul that was both a school record and a huge source of pride for a theater department that turns 100 next year.
Billy Porter, Patina Miller and Judith Light each took home acting Tonys, while Ann Roth got one for best costume design, and partners Jules Fisher and Peggy Eisenhauer won for best lighting design of a play.
"We've had a bumper crop," said Peter Cooke, head of the university's school of drama. "I'm just delighted that they received rewards from their peers. It was just a terrific night."
The six wins means Carnegie Mellon took bragging rights from the better-known Yale University School of Drama, which had four Tony winners Sunday: costume designer William Ivey Long, actor Courtney B. Vance, set designer John Lee Beatty and playwright Christopher Durang.
In addition to Carnegie Mellon winners, there were plenty of alumni serving as presenters and performers: "Newsies" lead Corey Cott graduated last year, "Star Trek" reboot star Zachary Quinto is from the class of 1999, and Megan Hilty, who recently starred on NBC's "Smash," is a 2004 graduate.
"You're looking at a broad continuum of talent that's come out of this school," said Cooke, who has hosted representatives from theater schools as far away as Estonia and Brazil. "They're coming to us to ask, `What are you doing?' and `Can you help us?'"
Founded in 1914, the Carnegie Mellon University School of Drama is the oldest conservatory training in America and the country's first degree-granting drama institution.
The school is known for its interdisciplinary work, embrace of technology and stress on learning-by-doing, meaning acting students help make the sets and backstage designers get a chance to shine onstage. Alumni come back not just to make speeches but to teach.
"It's a very rigorous program but I have to say it's one of the best in the country because they really just prepare you in all avenues of this business," says Miller, who graduated in 2006. "You do everything. The actors sing. The musical theater students do as much acting as the actors. We were all very well rounded in all aspects of theater."
Graduates include Cherry Jones, Rob Marshall, Ted Danson, Christian Borle, James Cromwell, Blair Underwood, John Wells and "The Book of Mormon" stars Josh Gad and Rory O'Malley, who roomed together as freshmen. Stephen Schwartz wrote "Godspell" and part of "Pippin," which won the best musical revival Tony on Sunday, while on campus as an undergraduate.
The university's graduates have won 29 Tonys to date, which is impressive, but easily dwarfed by Yale, which has had at least 97 Tonys, according to a spokesman, starting at the first awards in 1947 when Elia Kazan was crowned best director for Arthur Miller's "All My Sons."
Eisenhauer has won three of Carnegie Mellon's Tonys, most recently on Sunday for the lighting design of "Lucky Guy." Smitten by the theater bug as a preteen, she said she saw lots of Broadway shows and was blown away by lighting designer Jules Fisher's work in the original "Pippin" in the early 1970s.
She found out he went to Carnegie Mellon, so she applied there. "I wrote my essay to get in – I was asked who I most wanted to meet – and I said Jules Fisher." She got in and got her wish when Fisher came to the campus to teach.
She followed him to New York and he eventually hired her as his assistant, "after, as he put it, I `stalked' him," she said with a laugh. Later they decided to join forces as co-designers and together have won Tonys for "Assassins," "Bring in da Noise/Bring in da Funk" and now "Lucky Guy."
"It is a magnet and it perpetuates itself," she said of the school.
The alumni network is very tight and Miller said her teachers are still in contact with her seven years after she graduated. She herself is advising a new crop of soon-to-be graduates, some very likely to grace Broadway.
"I put everything down to the faculty. The faculty is everything in a theater school," said Cooke. "You can have great buildings or lousy buildings. But the person at the front of the class needs to know more than person sitting in the chair. That's how it works."
Mark Kennedy can be reached at http://twitter.com/KennedyTwits
BOSTON -- Parking is such a precious commodity in Boston that one woman was willing to pay $560,000 for two off-street spaces near her home.
Lisa Blumenthal won the spots in the city's Back Bay neighborhood during an on-site auction Thursday held in a steady rain by the Internal Revenue Service. The IRS had seized the spots from a man who owed back taxes.
Blumenthal, who lives in a multimillion-dollar home near the parking spaces, tells The Boston Globe (http://b.globe.com/13KqntI) she didn't expect the bidding to go quite so high for the spots she says will come in handy for guests and workers.
The record for a single spot in Boston is $300,000.
The median price of a single-family home in Massachusetts is $313,000.
Information from: The Boston Globe, http://www.boston.com/globe
MIAMI -- Miami Beach's resort hotels showed guests a tropical paradise when they were built in the 1950s, but just beyond the sunny facade was a shady, more dangerous world. Funded by the mob and crooked union bosses, the resorts attracted the rich, the famous and the powerful just as South Florida was undergoing rapid political and social change.
The upcoming sophomore season of the Starz network's period drama "Magic City" will again follow the denizens of one such resort, the fictional Miramar Playa Hotel.
Resort owner Ike Evans, played by Jeffrey Dean Morgan, had a seemingly perfect life that verged on collapse at the end of the first season, thanks to an ambitious state attorney, a sadistic mob boss and the fallout from the Cuban Revolution nearby. Now the show's writer and creator, Mitch Glazer, promises the new eight-episode season, which starts Friday, will pick up in early 1959 right where the first season left off.
"Part of the first season was to introduce people to this world and these characters, and with the second season, I have the opportunity to unleash them," Glazer said.
Morgan said the new season will be even more harrowing than the first for his character, who was arrested for murder at the end of last season.
"He starts off in jail this year, and that may be the easiest time he's had," Morgan said. "It only gets worse for him in season two."
To protect his family and employees, Ike realizes he has to get out from under the mob, which helped finance his hotel, and hatches a plan involving Fidel Castro's fledgling regime and Cuban casinos to pay off his criminal backers for good.
"That line that Ike walked last year, of meddling around in that gray area, I think this year he goes even a little bit darker," Morgan said. "Ike made a deal with the devil when he built the hotel, and we started seeing the pressure of that hit him last year. And this year, we see him go all in."
"Magic City" is also getting a boost to its cast with James Caan, a veteran of gangster films such as "The Godfather." In "Magic City," Caan plays a Chicago mob boss who has to sort out problems created in the first season by a South Florida mobster played by Danny Huston. Others returning include Olga Kurylenko as Ike's wife, and Steven Strait and Christian Cooke as Ike's sons.
Morgan said working with Caan was amazing.
"He's a coiled spring. He's a ball of energy, so what he brings to a set is a sense of unpredictability," Morgan said. "As an actor, you know what the scene is. You can see the scene on paper. But what he brings to stuff, it ratchets it up to a whole new level."
Glazer said he was extremely pleased how the first season was received, especially by South Florida natives.
As someone who grew up in Miami Beach, Glazer said capturing the right feel for "Magic City" meant bringing the production to South Florida. There had been discussions about filming mainly in California or somewhere else and then coming to Miami Beach for a few weeks to do exterior shots. But Glazer said he couldn't imagine not filming in Miami.
"It's the largest practical, mid-century movie set on Earth," said Glazier, noting the city has blocks and blocks of "untouched buildings" from the era.
"Even for the cast to be able to drive down Collins Avenue or go to Key Biscayne or go to the various areas that I write about in the show and see that they still exist. There's a feel to it that I think permeates everything we do."
The show films many of its scenes outdoors, often amid South Florida's famous Art Deco architecture. But to bring the Miramar Playa to life, crews built massive sets inside a former yacht factory, including a vast hotel lobby, lavish guest rooms and a private lounge. Most of the designs emulate the work of Morris Lapidus, a Miami Modernist architect whose most famous work, the Fontainebleau Hotel, opened in 1954.
Local historian Seth Bramson said he's impressed by how South Florida of the late 1950s has been resurrected.
"They have taken a look back that is nothing short of outstanding," said Bramson, who has written more than 20 books on South Florida and has one of the world's largest private collections of Miami memorabilia.
"I look at this show, and I can't believe it. It's like it was," Bramson said.
While modern audiences might be enchanted with the South Florida of the 1980s portrayed in a show like "Miami Vice," Bramson was quick to point out that the show's setting was contemporary with the time it was made. The producers didn't have to go back and create a bygone era from scratch.
Morgan said sets, locations, props and wardrobe all help him slip into character. "As soon as I put on my tie and my tie clip, I can be Ike Evans," he added.
Costume designer Carol Ramsey said she isn't just assembling a general wardrobe from the 50s but actually helping to design the characters.
"This is very glam," Ramsey said. "A lot of this is very high-style, which is another reason I was very interested in designing the show."
Some of the clothes used in the show are vintage pieces, pulled from Los Angeles warehouses, but Ramsey said she has had to design many historically accurate outfits herself. Her department fits about 600 extras every nine days – the average time it takes to shoot each episode. That's in addition to 30 or so principals every episode.
"Head to toe," Ramsey said. "Purses, gloves, period-correct lingerie, hats, shoes, jewelry, suits, ties, everything. And they have hair and makeup."
Besides capturing the look and feel of the era, Bramson agrees that the show does well with the actual history of how the hotels were built and run, mob connections included.
Legal and illegal gambling was a big part of the first season. Bramson said Miami Beach was poised to be the Las Vegas of the South, but opposition fearing the negative elements gambling would attract ultimately won out. Despite not having casino-style gambling, Miami Beach still became one of the most popular year-round tourist destinations in the United States.
"It was glamorous. It was glorious," Bramson said. "You had the greatest entertainment in the world. You had the classiest women in the world. You had everything that was great happening here."
WASHINGTON -- Of the handful of tea party-backed Republicans eyeing a 2016 presidential bid, Sen. Rand Paul is emerging as the most forceful in pushing libertarian principles, especially on anti-terrorism issues.
Rather than playing it politically safe, the Kentucky freshman is attacking government surveillance programs that many other Republicans – and many American voters in general – defend.
It could hurt him if GOP activists, who dominate primary elections, decide Paul over-emphasizes privacy at the expense of secret data-collection programs, which the administration says are essential to detecting potential terrorists.
The strategy suggests Paul hopes to inherit his father's libertarian loyalists even if it might complicate efforts to reach a much wider electorate, capable of nominating him – and electing him – to the White House.
Ron Paul was never a strong contender for the GOP nomination. Many people dismissed him as a fringe candidate with nonmainstream ideas, such as returning to the gold standard and ending the "war on drugs."
His son can't afford that label if he hopes to go further politically.
At a Washington news conference Thursday, Rand Paul urged Americans to sign a petition supporting an eventual class-action lawsuit. It will contend that the surveillance programs violate constitutional protections against unreasonable searches and seizures, he said.
"Americans are rightly concerned about having all of their phone records collected and monitored all of the time," Paul said. Joining him were several tea party-leaning House members and officials from the American Civil Liberties Union and other groups.
The on-line petition also seeks donations to Paul's political action committee.
Recent news reports described two far-reaching programs run by the National Security Agency. One gathers hundreds of millions of U.S. phone records to search for possible links to terrorists abroad. The other lets the government tap into nine U.S. Internet companies and gather all communications to detect suspicious behavior that begins overseas.
The NSA's director, Army Gen. Keith Alexander, told Congress the programs have helped thwart dozens of terrorist acts.
Paul's activism contrasts with more cautious reactions by other possible 2016 presidential contenders, including some with strong tea party support.
Sen. Marco Rubio, R-Fla., largely defends the surveillance programs. "We're trying to stop really bad people from doing really bad things," he told reporters this week.
"These programs are effective in that regard," Rubio said. "But if they are not properly managed, you can foresee how they could be abused."
Another tea party-backed senator weighing a presidential run – Ted Cruz of Texas – said of the surveillance programs, "What we have seen so far is troubling." However, Cruz said, "at this point we don't have a clear picture of what their policy is."
Some GOP leaders, including House Speaker John Boehner, forcefully defend the surveillance programs.
Depending on how they're worded, polls show varying degrees of public support for the NSA techniques. A Gallup poll – it described government collection of phone and Internet records as part of "efforts to investigate terrorism" – found most Americans disapproved.
Disapproval was strongest among Republicans, a sentiment that Paul might wisely be tapping, analysts said.
Paul "has his finger on the pulse of conservatives," said veteran GOP strategist Terry Holt. However, he said, it's too early to determine how the surveillance issue will play out in Republican primaries three years from now.
Kyle Downey, who worked for Mitt Romney's 2012 presidential campaign, agreed. The privacy rights issue "has potential to become a populist front," Downey said. "Paul could use an issue like this to rally support with both his and his father's fundraising network."
Paul said he hopes millions of Americans will join a class-action lawsuit challenging the NSA programs. "There is a large groundswell of people who are upset about their privacy," he said.
If true, it may help Paul's legal ambitions this year. And it may fuel his political ambitions in 2016.
Follow Charles Babington on Twitter: . https://twitter.com/cbabington
NORTHWOOD, Iowa (AP) — Emergency response crews are being credited for rescuing a girl and two women from an SUV in northern Iowa that was submerged in rushing floodwater.
Crews pulled them out of the vehicle Wednesday night near Northwood, just south of the Minnesota border.
Lt. Daniel Schaffer with the Iowa State Patrol says heavy rain caused the SUV to go off the road and into a flooded ditch.
KTTC-TV reports (http://bit.ly/175p13e ) crews rescued the girl from the front passenger window. Video footage shows the girl crying as a rescue crew member holds her above water and brings her to higher ground.
First responders examined the girl and women on scene. Additional information about their identities and whether they were taken to a hospital was not available.
WASHINGTON — A Capitol ceremony honoring Rep. John Dingell for becoming Congress's longest-serving member in history featured the expected, such as praise and jokes from Vice President Joe Biden and House Speaker John Boehner. It included the unexpected – a pointed pitch to a roomful of congressional leaders and lawmakers by Cardinal Theodore McCarrick for controversial immigration legislation.
Yet it was hard to top a performance by singer Mary Wilson backed up by a vaguely synchronized chorus line that included House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi, Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius and the actress Lynda Carter.
Wilson, an original member of The Supremes, a marque 1960s group of Detroit-based Motown Records, sang a brief set of songs climaxed with their upbeat hit "Stop in the Name of Love." Pelosi, Sebelius and Carter – along with Dingell's wife, Deborah, and Rep. Donna Edwards, D-Calif. – formed an unlikely dance line behind her, singing and flashing their hands in the classic "stop" signal familiar to generations of partygoers dancing to the tune.
The 45-minute ceremony was aimed at honoring Dingell, who has served 57 1/2 years in the House. The crowd of current and past lawmakers, lobbyist and others and included former Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld, once an Illinois congressman and colleague of Dingell's.
Dingell, an 86-year-old Michigan Democrat who walks gingerly with a cane, called himself "probably the luckiest man in shoe leather" for his family, friends and career. But he lectured his colleagues about toning down the partisan conflict that often dominates Congress.
"We have too much ill will, too much hatred, too much bitterness, too much anger," he said. He said the word "Congress" means a coming together of people to work together on resolving important issues and added, "We have, I think unfortunately because of the pressures and the times, forgotten this."
With around 400 people gathered in Statuary Hall – the Capitol's original House chamber – Boehner, R-Ohio, said Dingell's legacy will be "working your butt off." In his toast, he called Dingell "a true man of the House."
Biden lampooned his own reputation for long-windedness, warning the audience as he began, "You all should sit." A long-time Senate veteran, Biden lauded Dingell for helping his constituents and ended by saying, "Love you, old buddy."
McCarrick delivered a blessing of Dingell that noted the ethnic diversity of his congressional district and touched on immigration, an issue the Senate is debating and is one of President Barack Obama's top priorities.
"Hopefully, that's why these houses are considering immigration legislation," McCarrick said. "I thought I'd just mention that because I know you want it to happen, too. And we hope that the same kind of strength and devotion to the stranger will be in his heart and the hearts of those who share his responsibility."
MANAGUA, Nicaragua (AP) — A multi-billion dollar proposal to plow a massive rival to the Panama Canal across the middle of Nicaragua was approved by the leftist-controlled National Assembly Thursday, capping a lightning-fast approval process that has provoked deep skepticism among shipping experts and concern among environmentalists.
The assembly dominated by President Daniel Ortega's Sandinista Front voted to grant a 50-year concession to plan and build the canal —with an option for another 50 — to a Hong Kong-based company whose only previous experience appears to be in telecommunications.
The legislation approved Thursday by a 61-28 vote contains no specific route for a canal and virtually no details of its financing or economic viability. It grants the Hong Kong company exclusive rights to plan and build the canal in exchange for Nicaragua receiving a minority share of any eventual profits.
Ortega's backers say the Chinese will transform one of the region's poorest countries by turning a centuries-old dream of a Nicaraguan trans-ocean canal into reality, bringing tens of thousands of jobs to the country and fueling an economic boom that would mimic the canal-driven prosperity of nearby Panama.
The currently estimated cost is $40 billion.
"One of Nicaragua's great riches is its geographic position, that's why this idea has always been around," Sandinista congressman Jacinto Suarez said during the legislative debate Thursday. "Global trade demands that this canal is built because it's necessary. The data shows that maritime transport is constantly growing and that makes this feasible. Opposing it is unpatriotic."
While the Hong Kong company has said almost nothing about the canal's route, it would certainly cross Lake Nicaragua, the country's primary source of fresh water. If one of the world's largest infrastructure projects ever is actually built, the water used by the canal's locks could seriously deplete the lake, environmentalists say.
Global engineering and shipping experts say those concerns are real, but lowered demand for massive container shipping and increasing competition from potential routes, including the warming Arctic, may mean that the Nicaraguan canal will simply prove economically unfeasible, adding to a long list of unrealized visions of moving riches from sea to sea across the country.
Either way, the quick march of the canal project through the National Assembly has set off a backlash from environmental and other activists, who held a series of marches this week to protest the granting of rights to the HK Nicaragua Canal Development Investment Co., without any open bidding process or details of its financing.
"Nicaragua isn't for sale. Nicaragua belongs to all Nicaraguans and isn't the private property of Ortega and his family," the Movement for Nicaragua, a coalition of civil-society groups, said in an open letter to the country Wednesday.
When he took power in 1979, Ortega was a socialist firebrand whom the U.S. government tried to overthrow by backing Contra rebels in the 1980s. He was voted out of office in 1990 but returned after winning the 2006 election. Since then, critics allege, the 67-year-old leader has maneuvered to become president for life, using courts and electoral institutions that are stacked with appointees from his Sandinista Front.
In 2009 the Sandinista majority on the Supreme Court overruled limits on consecutive terms set by the Nicaraguan constitution, allowing Ortega to run for his third 5-year term. He won 64 percent of the vote, though opposition parties allege that total was inflated by fraud.
Other recent Nicaraguan presidents also have repeatedly tried to win support for a canal, without much success. Ortega, though has finally agreed on a formal deal.
North American companies are increasingly looking to factories and suppliers in the U.S. and Latin America rather than in Asia, where rising salaries in China are making manufacturing less appealing for foreign companies.
In addition, the global economic slowdown of recent years means large numbers of ships are unused, perhaps 5 percent of the global fleet. Many vessels are scheduled to be completed in coming years, meaning the percentage of idled ships could grow to more than 20 percent, experts said.
And global warming means that even the Arctic may become a viable alternative to crossing Central America by canal.
"Looking at the changing flows and where the growth is in the world economy, personally I'm not seeing it. I wouldn't invest my money in it," said Rosalyn Wilson, a senior business analyst at the Delcan Corporation, a Toronto-based transportation consultancy and author of the U.S. logistics industry's annual report.
"It's addressing a need that definitely is not here now and I'm not sure if it's 'a build it and they will come sort of thing,'" she said.
Eduardo Lugo, a Panamanian port logistics consultant who worked for 10 years studying traffic demand for the Panama Canal's expansion plan, also questioned whether global traffic demand would support the high costs of the Nicaragua project.
"There's going be some growth in world trade. The big question is, what routes is that trade going to move on. That's the real challenge that Nicaragua faces," said Paul Bingham, the head of economic analysis at engineering planning firm CDM Smith, which specializes in large water and transportation infrastructure. "It's very easy to say trade is going to grow but that doesn't mean that Nicaragua is going to be in a competitive position to take advantage of it ... I'm not convinced right now."
Backers of previous canal plans have argued that the Nicaraguan route would prove more economical than Panama's because it would handle ships with far larger cargo capacity.
But the Nicaraguan path would have to be roughly three times as long as than Panama's, which is about 50 miles (80 kilometers) long, a fact that Panama Canal Administrator Jorge Quijano said "gives us even more of a competitive advantage."
"It isn't easy," Quijano said. "The terrain is really complex, more than ours."
Wilson also said the project could have serious impacts on Lake Nicaragua, also known as Cocibolca, because of the amount of fresh water that would be used to operate the canal.
"It takes a lot of water to run locks," Wilson said. "Is it going to be done in such a way that's not trading away another part of the country's economy down the line?"
"We're at a crossroads because either you use Lake Cocibolca for floating boats or you use it for drinking water, but you can't use it for both things at once," said Victor Campos, assistant director of the Humboldt Center, an environmental organization.
Roberto Troncoso, president of the Panamanian Association of Business Executives, said China's government may be encouraging the new canal as a way to establish a route independent of the Panama Canal, which is perceived as remaining under heavy U.S. influence.
"The money is totally irrelevant," he said. "We're talking about national hegemony. China is looking to turn itself into the predominant economic power. Whoever dominates trade, dominates the world."
The United States has taken no official position on the Nicaraguan canal.
The Chinese company has declined to comment on the record about its funding and backers.
According to local records, HK Nicaragua Canal Development Investment Co. head Wang Jing has also been a director of about a dozen other companies, some current and others that have been dissolved.
He also heads Beijing Xinwei, a mid-sized telecommunications firm that, according to Chinese media, was partly owned by a large government telecoms equipment company, Datang, which sold its shares in a 2010 restructuring. Chinese media have reported that Beijing Xinwei made a profit of 650 million yuan (about $100 million) in the first eight months of last year.
Panama and Nicaragua were the top contenders for the route of a trans-ocean canal from the first arrival of Europeans in Latin America. A French company began excavating the Panama canal in 1880 but work was halted by rampant tropical diseases such as malaria and yellow fever. The project was sold for $40 million to the United States, which finished it in 1914.
The building of the Panama Canal cost an estimated $375 million and involved the excavation of 286 million cubic yards of earth, three times more than the Suez Canal.
Historians say 5,609 people, mainly West Indian workers, died during its construction, on top of the 22,000 dead during the period of French control.
Correspondents Mark Stevenson in Mexico City, Joe McDonald in Beijing and Juan Zamorano in Panama City contributed to this report.
WASHINGTON — The White House says comments by a Republican lawmaker about rape show, quote, an "alarming disregard for women."
Spokesman Jay Carney was talking about Arizona Republican Rep. Trent Franks and his assertion that incidences of pregnancy resulting from rape "are very low." Franks is sponsoring a bill to ban almost all abortions after a fetus reaches the age of 20 weeks.
Carney says the White House issues takes "great issue" with the comments. And he says the remarks have shone attention on the bill in a way "Republicans wish the public would forget."
Several recent court decisions have struck down similar state laws, and the GOP-backed bill has little future in the Democratic-led Senate.
NEW YORK — The Scottish play isn't taking much of a break before coming back. Ethan Hawke plans to return to Broadway this winter to play the title role in "Macbeth."
The Shakespeare tragedy will mark a reunion for Hawke with director Jack O'Brien at Lincoln Center Theater, where he starred in "Henry IV" and "The Coast of Utopia," for which he was nominated for a Tony Award.
Hawke is currently starring in the horror film "The Purge" and the romantic drama "Before Midnight," the third film in a series with "Before Sunrise" and "Before Sunset."
"Macbeth" had its latest incarnation on Broadway in a one-man show by Alan Cumming, which is set to close in July. Patrick Stewart led another cast in 2008.
For those who can't wait, a "Macbeth" starring Kenneth Branagh and Alex Kingston will be broadcast to movie theaters across the country from Manchester International Festival as part of National Theatre Live this July.
Performances of Hawke's "Macbeth" begin Oct. 24. The show is one of four that Lincoln Center Theater announced Thursday for the upcoming season, including the new Bruce Norris play "Domesticated" directed by Anna D. Shapiro and starring Laurie Metcalf.
James Lapine will direct his own adaptation of Moss Hart's autobiography "Act One" and Doug Hughes will direct the world premiere of The City of Conversation, a new play by Anthony Giardina.
NEW YORK -- Taylor Swift shares her feelings and personal experiences on her hit records, but the 23-year-old Grammy winner isn't worried about losing intimacy with her fans on a stadium tour.
"I find that you have to emote a little bigger, but you can reach all the way up to the top," she said. "Eye contact is important, even if it's from 500 yards away."
Swift said she's never worried about the sound being lost in a massive space. With a few shows already under her belt, she feels they've gone pretty well.
"Everyone who comes to these shows seems so engaged," she said. "They come to the show. They know the words. I'm singing the words. We're singing them at the same time, and therein lies the connection. It goes beyond what size the venue is."
She recently embarked on her RED tour of North America. Later this fall, she'll perform in Australia and New Zealand.
Swift, who writes her own songs, has sold more than 75 million albums. She recently appeared on the Fox sitcom "New Girl." And while she likes acting, she has no plans to put aside her guitar and pen – unless something really impresses her.
"I love to write music. And I love to put an album together and take two years to do it and put everything I have into it. (Except) if there was something, some script that came along that was so enticing that I couldn't walk away from it, that I became obsessed with that the way I obsess over music," she said. "If you see me commit to a film, it's only because I couldn't focus on anything else."
Swift was honored as Fragrance Celebrity of the Year at the Fragrance Awards, presented Wednesday night at Alice Tully Hall at Lincoln Center.
"Getting this award is such an honor," she said on the red carpet before the event.
Follow John Carucci on Twitter at http://www.twitter.com/jacarucci
BEVERLY HILLS, Calif. — Women in Film is turning 40, and the organization celebrated its milestone birthday at its annual Crystal + Lucy Awards. But while the night was one of celebration, honorees and guests said women's move toward equality in the entertainment industry remains slow, even after four decades of organized efforts.
"There certainly is a wider diversity of roles available to women, (and) careers don't instantly end at 29 anymore," said 49-year-old Laura Linney, who received the Crystal Award for excellence in film. "But the progress in every other area has been so slow, very slow. So there's a long way to go, and not just in this industry, but in every industry."
Host Jenna Elfman agreed.
"The roles are getting better and more interesting and more abundant, but it's slow going still," she said. "And not just (for) actresses, but cinematographers, sound editors, everything."
She said she hopes for the day when billboards for comedies feature just as many women as men.
Debra Messing said it would help to have more women writing, as well.
"I would love to see more female writers in the rosters of all the nominations as the big nominations come out," she said. "We're still underrepresented, and for some reason, there's a belief that women can't open a film, and `Bridesmaids' proved that that's not the case. I think it's time for everything to equalize and to realize there's enough diversity of taste out there that there's a place for everyone to be."
"At Women in Film, we believe 40 is the new kick ass," Elfman said as she opened the Wednesday night program at the Beverly Hilton Hotel.
Sophia Coppola, who received the director's award from Nancy Meyers, said she's seen women's progress since making her first feature in 1999.
"There's more women directors and more women executives than when I started, so you feel like that voice is being represented more and more," she said. "It's just great to have as much diversity in what we see and see different people's experiences, so I hope to see more female ones too."
George Lucas was lauded for his humanitarian work, and for putting women in positions of power on and off screen. He accepted his award from the woman he named to the helm of Lucasfilm, Kathleen Kennedy.
"George Lucas gave us a fast-talking, blaster-toting spitfire by the name of Princess Leia," Kennedy said.
Carrie Fisher, the actress who portrayed Leia, said via video that the character was one of the first women and girls could truly look up to.
Lucas said he "turned my whole life over" to Kennedy after being schooled throughout his life in the power of women, first by his sisters, then by his daughters.
"In the end, you will win," he said.
Wednesday's program, which serves as a fundraiser for Women in Film, also included honors for actress Hailee Steinfeld, cinematographer Rachel Morrison and the Lucy Award for excellence in television for the women of "Mad Men."
Women in Film president Cathy Schulman said it's critical to achieve fair gender representation in Hollywood because "we are the keepers of the planet's storytelling, and it's up to all of us to spin accurate pictures of our lives, our histories and our imaginations."
"Women need to sit at decision-making tables and hold gatekeeping positions on films and television," she said, "because only gender equality can bring about nonbiased decision making, and thus nonbiased storytelling."
AP Entertainment Writer Sandy Cohen is on Twitter: . http://www.twitter.com/APSandy
AP Entertainment Writer Marcela Isaza contributed to this report.
WOODBURY, N.J. (AP) — A New Jersey house fire is being blamed on a homeowner's battle against bedbugs.
A county spokeswoman says the homeowner in the southern New Jersey town of Woodbury was using a space heater, a hair dryer and a heat gun Tuesday to try to eradicate the pests in a second-floor bedroom. The combination sparked a fire.
The federal Environmental Protection Agency says very high, sustained heat can kill bedbugs, but raising the temperature with the thermostat or space heaters won't do the job. It says special equipment is needed.
Woodbury Fire Marshal Joseph Buono tells WPVI-TV in nearby Philadelphia that quick Internet remedies for killing bedbugs are a "catastrophe in the making." He says the afflicted should "call the professionals."
The homeowner was hospitalized with unspecified injuries. He wasn't identified.